Born in Fredericksburg, Texas, Nimitz graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1905.
He spent almost two decades in submarines, service punctuated by instruction in diesel
engines, study at the Naval War College, and tours as executive officer of an oiler and
a battleship. Nimitz then commanded heaver cruiser USS Augusta, flagship of the U.S.
In 1939 he was assigned as Chief of the Bureau of Navigation. Following the Japanese attack
on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the Navy named Nimitz Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific
Fleet and soon afterward Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas. In recognition of his
superior leadership of naval forces during the victorious three-year Pacific campaign,
in December 1944 Congress promoted him to fleet admiral.
As Chief of Naval Operations at the dawn of the Cold War, Nimitz directed the
forward deployment of naval forces to the Mediterranean and the Far East,
worked to adapt the naval services to the joint requirements of the National
Security Act of 1947, and promoted adoption of jet aircraft and other advanced
technologies. In recognition of his accomplishments, the Navy named USS Nimitz
(CVN-68), the first ship in a new class of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers,
in his honor.