Wood engraving from John Frost's The Book of the Navy, 1842.

Guide to the Journal of the Baltimore, the Ruth and the U.S.S. Natchez, 1826-1828

MS 6

A collection in the
Special Collections & Archives Department,
Nimitz Library

Naval Academy Seal

United States Naval Academy
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, MD 21402-5029

Prepared by: Mary R. Catalfamo

May 2004

Descriptive Summary

The Journal of the Baltimore, the Ruth, and the U.S.S. Natchez was donated to the United States Naval Academy Library by [Letitia Buchanan?]. Accession No. 49333.
1 volume.
Access to the Journal of the Baltimore, the Ruth, and the U.S.S. Natchez is restricted to microfilm.
The Journal of the Baltimore, the Ruth, and the U.S.S. Natchez is the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information
Preferred Citation:
Journal of the Baltimore, the Ruth, and the U.S.S. Natchez, MS 6
Special Collections & Archives Department
Nimitz Library
United States Naval Academy

Scope and Content Note

The first portion of this journal relates to the voyage of the Baltimore (frigate) from Baltimore to Rio de Janeiro between 30 October 1826 and 5 January 1827. Lieutenant Franklin Buchanan (1800-1874), on a leave of absence from the Navy, commanded the vessel, which had been built for the Brazilian Navy. On the first few pages of the volume, he has recorded the ship's dimensions and the dimensions of the masts and spars. The Baltimore arrived in the harbor of Rio de Janeiro on 25 December 1826. On 4 January 1827, Buchanan discharged the crew and the next day delivered the frigate to “Captn Thompson” of the Brazilian Navy.

The Ruth (brig) was the ship Buchanan took on his return trip to the United States. The vessel left Rio de Janeiro on 9 February 1827 and arrived in Philadelphia on 2 April 1827. Buchanan recorded the longitude by chronometer and dead reckoning throughout the voyage.

A lieutenant aboard the Natchez (sloop-of-war), Buchanan recorded that vessel 's first cruise (2 July 1827 – 24 November 1828). The Natchez patrolled Caribbean waters as part of the West India Squadron. Ports of call included Santiago, Havana, Campeche, Vera Cruz, Tampico, and Pensacola. The Natchez was forced to return to New York because of an outbreak of yellow fever among the crew.

On the last few pages of the journal, Buchanan has written the dimensions of the hull and spars of the Java (frigate) and Constellation (frigate).