Official portrait of Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence, 1983.
Official portrait of Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence, 1983.

Guide to the William P. Lawrence Papers, 1863; 1901-2004: Introduction

MS 403

A collection in the
Special Collections & Archives Department,
Nimitz Library

Naval Academy Seal

United States Naval Academy
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, MD 21402-5029

Prepared by: David D'Onofrio

May 2010

Descriptive Summary

Provenance:
The William P. Lawrence Papers were donated to the Special Collection & Archives Department by Vice Admiral and Mrs. William Porter Lawrence. Accession No. 05-13.
Size:
12.75 linear feet.
Access:
Access to the William P. Lawrence Papers is partially restricted, where indicated.
Copyright:
The William P. Lawrence Papers are the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
Permission:
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information
Preferred Citation:
William P. Lawrence Papers, MS 403
Special Collections & Archives Department
Nimitz Library
United States Naval Academy

Biographical Chronology

1930 On January 13, is born in Nashville, Tennessee.
1947 Graduates first in his class from West High School, where he was student body president, ranking officer in the ROTC, all-city in basketball, and all-state in football.
Receives appointment to the United States Naval Academy.
1950 In September, is assigned additional duty accompanying an envoy returning captured battle flags to the Mexican government.
Is appointed Brigade Commander.
1951 In June, graduates eighth in his class from the United States Naval Academy, where he served as president of the Class of 1951 and helped establish the modern Brigade Honor Concept.
In December, marries Anne Williams.
1952 On November 7, receives his Naval Aviator Wings, and is assigned (at Naval Air Station Moffett Field) to Fighter Squadron 193, which subsequently deployed aboard U.S.S. Oriskany (Attack Aircraft Carrier: CVA-34).
1955 Graduates from Naval Aviation Safety School at the University of Southern California.
1958 While serving as a test pilot in the Flight Test Division, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, becomes the first Naval Aviator to fly twice the speed of sound in a Navy aircraft.
1959 In June, is appointed as Flag Lieutenant to Commander, Carrier Division Six, Rear Admiral Thomas H. Moorer, aboard U.S.S. Saratoga (Attack Aircraft Carrier: CVA-60).
Nominated as a candidate for NASA's Project Mercury, but is later disqualified due to a heart murmur.
1960 In October, is relieved as Flag Lieutenant.
1960-1964 Serves as: assistant operations officer of Fighter Squadron 101, which was responsible for introduction of the F4H Phantom; navigator aboard U.S.S. Newport News (Heavy Cruiser: CA-148); and maintenance officer of Fighter Squadron 14 aboard U.S.S. Franklin D. Roosevelt (Attack Aircraft Carrier: CVA-42).
1964 In February, is appointed Senior Aide and Administrative Assistant to Commander-in-Chief Strike Command, General Paul D. Adams (USA).
1966 In January, is relieved as Senior Aide and Administrative Assistant.
On July 4, reports as Executive Officer of Fighter Squadron 143 aboard U.S.S. Constellation (Attack Aircraft Carrier: CVA-64).
1967 On June 15, receives command of Fighter Squadron 143.
On June 28, is shot down during a bombing raid over Nam Dinh, North Vietnam, and is subsequently captured and detained at Hoa Lo Prison as a prisoner of war.
1971 In November, Anne Lawrence is granted a divorce from William P. Lawrence.
1973 On March 4, is released from captivity as a prisoner of war.
Tennessee legislature adopts "Oh Tennessee, My Tennessee," which Lawrence composed while a prisoner of war, as the official state poem.
1974 On January 30, is nominated for the rank of Rear Admiral.
In July, is promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral.
In July, receives a Master of Science in International Affairs from George Washington University.
In August, receives command of Light Attack Wing, U.S. Pacific Fleet (COMLATWINGPAC), based out of Naval Air Station Lemoore, California.
In August, marries Diane Wilcox Rauch.
1975 In May, relinquishes command of Light Attack Wing, U.S. Pacific Fleet, subsequently serving as Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Air Warfare.
Assigned as Director, Aviation Programs Division in the office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air Warfare).
1978 On August 28, assumes duty as Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy.
1979 Receives the National Football Foundation and College Hall of Fame Gold Medal.
1980 In August, is promoted to the rank of Vice Admiral.
Receives an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Fisk University.
1981 On August 22, is relieved as Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy.
In the fall, assumes command of the U.S. Third Fleet.
1982 The United States Naval Academy establishes the Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence Award for the most outstanding woman athlete at the Academy.
1983 On August 19, relinquishes command of the U.S. Third Fleet.
In September, is appointed Chief of Naval Personnel and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Manpower, Personnel and Training).
1984 Receives the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Theodore Roosevelt Award.
1986 On February 1, retires from the U.S. Navy.
1989 Becomes Chair of Naval Leadership for the Department of Leadership and Law at the United States Naval Academy.
1991 Is elected President of the Association of Naval Aviation.
1994 Steps down as Chair of Naval Leadership at the United States Naval Academy.
Steps down as President of the Association of Naval Aviation.
1995 Coauthors a report on the relationship between the military and news media while serving as Visiting Professional Scholar at the Freedom Forum First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University.
2005 In November, completes work on his autobiography, Tennessee Patriot: The Naval Career of Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence.
On December 2, dies in Crownsville, Maryland.
Military
Decorations:
Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star with Combat V, Purple Heart, Air Medal, Joint Service Commendation Medal, and Navy Commendation with Combat V.

Scope and Content Note

The William P. Lawrence Papers, comprising 12.75 linear feet of documentation, span over one hundred years, but focus primarily on Lawrence's life, from 1930 until shortly before his death in 2005. The papers describe various events and aspects of Lawrence's naval career and personal life, including his studies as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy; career as an aviator and officer in the United States Navy; experiences as a prisoner of war in Vietnam; tour as Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy; and affiliations with the National Football Foundation and National Collegiate Athletic Association.

The collection is composed of various document types, including personal and official correspondence in the form of letters, memoranda, and telegrams; press clippings, speeches; draft and published articles; reports and transcripts; event programs; certificates and plaques; artwork; memorabilia; and photographs.

The Lawrence Papers are organized into twelve series by document type and office of origin. Three series are based on office of origin, and focus primarily on Lawrence's career in the United States Navy. Lawrence's various roles with the United States Naval Academy are documented in UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY FILES, with separate sub-series for his roles as a midshipman, alumnus, Superintendent, and Chair in Naval Leadership. Much of the remainder of Lawrence's naval career, including his tours as Commander of the U.S. Third Fleet, Chief of Naval Personnel, and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Manpower, Personnel and Training), is documented in UNITED STATES NAVY FILES. However, all textual documents pertaining to Lawrence's captivity as a prisoner of war in Vietnam, including correspondence, press clippings, speeches, reports, as well as a POW bracelet, are found in PRISONER OF WAR FILES.

The remaining series are based on document type, and encompass Lawrence's professional and personal lives. General biographical material pertaining to Lawrence, his family, and his ancestors is housed within the three sub-series of BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL FILES. Many of Lawrence's views on the challenges facing the U.S. Navy can be found in WRITINGS AND SPEECHES (GENERAL), which contains magazine articles and speeches written by Lawrence, as well as interviews of Lawrence. The series also includes several poems written by Lawrence, such as "Oh Tennessee, My Tennessee." PRESS CLIPPINGS, divided into two sub-series, supplements many of the other series in providing details of Lawrence's professional achievements and personal opinions. Evidence of many of Lawrence's speaking engagements and awards, and as well as professional and recreational affiliations, is housed among the material in EVENT PROGRAMS. PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE contains letters between Lawrence and his family, as well as such notables as Vice Admiral James Stockdale and Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander. Many of Lawrence's personal and professional interests, such as the role of women in the Navy, changes in the commissioning of reserve officers, and Lawrence's lifelong ties to his home state of Tennessee, are described in SUBJECT FILES AND PERSONAL MISCELLANY. This series is also home to material pertaining to Lawrence's activities after retirement, and his primary and high school educations. CERTIFICATES AND PLAQUES contains three of Lawrence's U.S. Navy commissions, as well as several minor awards. In addition to coverage in earlier series, Lawrence's naval career, Naval Academy affiliations, personal life, and family history are highlighted throughout PHOTOGRAPHS. This series is also home to portraits of Lawrence, his family, and other noted naval personnel, politicians, and athletes. Finally, ARTWORK AND MEMORABILIA contains several mementos and reproductions of paintings.

Research interests served by the Lawrence Papers include the personal history and opinions of William P. Lawrence, the history of the Lawrence and Brewer families, U.S. Navy personnel issues since 1980, the role of women in the Navy and Naval Academy, and the experiences of prisoners of war during the Vietnam War.

Series Descriptions

BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL FILES, 1863-2001. [bulk 1970-1995]. (Boxes 1-2)

Organized into three sub-series by topic.

Documentation pertaining to the personal history of William P. Lawrence, as well as that of his daughter, Wendy, and his family as a whole.

William P. Lawrence: Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Biographical material providing an overview to Lawrence's U.S. Navy career and personal life. Included in the sub-series are incoming and outgoing letters, unpublished biographical works, legal documents, a speech, and a wedding invitation.

Additional biographical material pertaining to William Lawrence can be found in PRESS CLIPPINGS.

Wendy Lawrence: Arranged alphabetically by document type or topic.

Biographical material pertaining to William Lawrence's daughter, Wendy Lawrence. The materials pertain primarily to the younger Lawrence's time as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy and career as a naval aviator and NASA astronaut. Included in the sub-series are press clippings, correspondence, press releases, academic transcripts, medical forms, event invitations, handwritten notes, an atlas, and Lawrence's master's thesis from MIT.

Due to the presence of personally identifiable information, the use of Wendy Lawrence's official academic records and U.S. Navy records is restricted.

Correspondence between Wendy and William Lawrence is located in PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE. Certificates pertaining to Wendy Lawrence are located in PLAQUES AND CERTIFICATES.

Family History and Genealogy: Arranged alphabetically by document type or title.

Documentation pertaining to the Lawrence, Brewer, Ashley, and Mankin families. The materials focus on family reunions, lineage, and the biographies of specific family members. Included in the sub-series are genealogical tables (family trees), incoming letters, press clippings, published and unpublished histories, pamphlets, event rosters, and a school yearbook.

Among the correspondence in the sub-series is a photocopy of a letter addressed to a member of the Brewer family dating from 1863.

UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY FILES, 1947-2001. (Boxes 2-4)

Organized into four sub-series by duty station or nature of affiliation.

Documentation of Lawrence's experiences at, and interactions with, the United States Naval Academy in his capacities as a midshipman, alumnus, visiting instructor, and Superintendent.

Event programs pertaining to Lawrence's time as a midshipman and Superintendent, including the program relating to the envoy tasked with returning captured Mexican battle flags can be found in EVENT PROGRAMS. Additional newspaper and magazine articles pertaining to Lawrence's experiences at the Naval Academy can be found in PRESS CLIPPINGS.

Midshipman: Arranged alphabetically by document type or title.

Documentation of Lawrence's time as a student at the United States Naval Academy. The materials pertain to Lawrence's application to the United States Naval Academy, duties as Brigade Commander, the Honor Concept, midshipman cruises, as envoy to return captured Mexican battle flags, and life as a midshipman. Included in the sub-series are incoming and outgoing letters, memoranda, invitations, receipts, magazines, guide books, athletic schedules, an essay, a diary, and a lecture transcript.

Included in the sub-series is a two-month long diary kept by Lawrence detailing day to day activities during March and April 1949. Also included is a Fourth Class essay written by Lawrence pertaining to a 1937 Vanderbilt University football game.

Several documents relate to Lawrence's inclusion in a delegation responsible for the return of captured Mexican battle flags to the Mexican government.

Alumni Files: Arranged alphabetically by document type or subject.

Documentation of the alumni activities of the United States Naval Academy Class of 1951, and Lawrence's participation therein. The materials pertain to class reunions, class gifts, membership, and efforts to incorporate. Included in the sub-series are letters, annual reports, minutes, pamphlets, directories, events schedules, registration materials, and press clippings.

Due to the presence of personally identifiable information, use of the class directories in this sub-series is restricted to members of the United States Naval Academy Class of 1951.

Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy: Arranged alphabetically by document type or subject matter.

Documentation of Lawrence's tour of duty as Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy. The materials relate to topics such as Academy athletics, Army-Navy Football, pride and professionalism in the Navy, Nuclear Power School, special events, Lawrence's change of command ceremonies, and some of Lawrence's day to day responsibilities. Included in the sub-series are incoming and outgoing letters, memoranda, schedules, and publications, as well as a script, notebook, press release, broadside, and a speech.

Correspondence in this sub-series consists of personal materials pertaining to both Academy and non-Academy related topics, such as special events at Buchanan House, Lawrence's relief as Superintendent, and his membership in certain groups (Sons of the American Revolution; U.S.S. Houston Survivors Association). Included are several postcards and notes from midshipmen. Notable correspondents include Admirals Arleigh Burke, Robert B. Carney, and Hyman G. Rickover, as well as Vice President George H.W. Bush.

Speeches, magazine articles, and newspaper articles written or delivered by Lawrence during his time as Superintendent can be found in WRITINGS AND SPEECHES.

Instructor in Naval Leadership: Arranged alphabetically by document type.

Documentation of Lawrence's duties as Chair in Naval Leadership and a guest lecturer in the Naval Academy's Department of Leadership and Law. The materials pertain primarily to Lawrence's lectures for a naval leadership seminar, which deal with the topics of naval tradition, responsibility, accountability, and military/civilian relations. Additional materials relate to the Marine Corps program at the Academy, integration in the Navy, and Lawrence's appointment as a lecturer. Included in the sub-series are handwritten notes, memoranda, two letters, a broadside, and printouts of a slideshow presentation.

UNITED STATES NAVY FILES, 1951-1986. (Boxes 4-6 and 29 [OS])

Arranged alphabetically by document type or topic.

Documentation of Lawrence's career as an officer in the United States Navy, with the exception of his tour as Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy. The documents pertain primarily to Lawrence's duties as a naval aviator, Chief of Naval Personnel and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Manpower, Personnel and Training), and Commander of the Third Fleet, as well as his attempts to become a Project Mercury astronaut. Included in the series are incoming and outgoing letters, memoranda, commendations, orders, handwritten notes, notebooks, schedules, forms, reports, a pamphlet, and an academic transcript.

The majority of the correspondence is the product of Lawrence's tour as Chief of Naval Personnel and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Manpower, Personnel and Training), and includes discussions of personnel and staffing issues, as well as requests for recommendations and assistance seeking new assignments; condolence letters; and letters of appreciation and congratulations.

Material relating to Lawrence's duties as Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy can be found in UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY FILES/Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy.

Additional U.S. Navy citations, for which the original certificates are available, can be found in CERTIFICATES AND PLAQUES.

Material pertaining to Lawrence's experiences as a prisoner of war, and prisoners of war in general, can be found in PRISONER OF WAR FILES.

PRISONER OF WAR FILES, 1967-2004. (Boxes 6-7, 29 [OS] and MS OS)

Arranged alphabetically by document type or topic.

Documentation of William Lawrence's experience as a prisoner of war in North Vietnam, as well as those of prisoners of war in general. The materials focus on Lawrence's personal experiences of being shot down, captured, and incarcerated as a prisoner of war; his military conduct during said captivity; his release and homecoming; and his opinions on his captivity, the Vietnam War, and peace activists. The documents also focus on the experiences of American prisoners of war in general, and the operation of various prisoner of war alumni groups. Included in the series are press clippings, incoming and outgoing letters, speeches, email printouts, reports, congressional committee prints, a map, and a metal POW bracelet.

The metal POW bracelet included in this series was worn by an American civilian in support of Lawrence during his captivity. Also included in the series is a map showing the approximate location of Lawrence's landing after bailing out of his F-4 Phantom.

Photographs relating to Lawrence's release and homecoming from captivity, as well as various commemorations and parades, can be found in PHOTOGRAPHS/Navy Functions and PHOTOGRPAHS/Naval Academy Functions.

WRITINGS AND SPEECHES (GENERAL), 1956-2001. (Boxes 7-8)

Organized into three sub-series by document type.

Periodical articles, speeches, research papers, and poems written by Lawrence. All writings pertaining to Lawrence's experiences as a Prisoner of War, with the exception of "Oh Tennessee, My Tennessee," can be found in PRISONER OF WAR FILES. One book chapter, pertaining to U.S.S. Constellation, can be found in SUBJECT FILES AND PERSONAL MISCELLANY.

Magazine and Journal Articles: Arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Magazine and journal articles written by Lawrence. The articles relate to several topics, including naval leadership, operational readiness, academics at the United States Naval Academy, aerodynamic lift, Navy pilot retention, and the admission of women to the Virginia Military Institute.

Speeches: Arranged chronologically by date of delivery or authorship.

Speeches delivered, and presumably written, by Lawrence during his U.S. Navy career and early years of retirement. The speeches pertain to such subjects as changes of command, Lawrence's National Football Foundation and Hall of Fame Gold Medal, and retirement from the U.S. Navy. Included in the sub-series are speech scripts, handwritten notes, facsimile transmittals, and projection transparencies.

Other: Arranged alphabetically by document type.

Interviews, newspaper articles, poems, and research papers written by Lawrence. The writings relate to topics such as seabed development, biomedical technology, active-duty obligations for service academy graduates, and Tennessee. In addition to Lawrence's writings, the sub-series includes several incoming letters and press clippings.

The poems, written by Lawrence during his captivity as a prisoner of war, include odes to Confederate courier Sam Davis, a football game, and Lawrence's home state of Tennessee, the last of which, "Oh Tennessee, My Tennessee," was adopted as the state poem of Tennessee in 1973.

PRESS CLIPPINGS, 1941-2001. (Boxes 8-11, 29 [OS] and MS OS)

Organized into two sub-series by publication type.

Newspaper, magazine, and newsletter articles documenting the U.S. Navy career, and to a lesser extent the personal life, of William P. Lawrence, as well as his opinions on various topics. The articles pertain largely to Lawrence's appointments as Commander of the Light Attack Wing Pacific Fleet, Commander of the U.S. Third Fleet, Chief of Naval Personnel, and Superintendent of the Naval Academy; women at the Naval Academy and in combat roles; the 600 ship Navy; drug policies at the Naval Academy; Lawrence's marriage; and Lawrence's retirement. Articles dating from the 1990s relate largely to the naval and NASA careers of Wendy Lawrence.

Press clippings pertaining to Lawrence's experiences as a prisoner of war, and those of prisoners of war in general can be found in PRISONER OF WAR FILES.

Newspapers: Arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Highlighted publications include The Capital, The Nashville Banner, The Tennessean, and The Washington Post.

Magazines and Newsletters: Arranged chronologically by date of publication.

Highlighted publications include All Hands, Fore 'N Aft, The Log, Naval Aviation News, Shipmate, and Wings of Gold.

EVENT PROGRAMS, 1949-2001 (Boxes 11-13, 29 [OS] and MS OS)

Arranged chronologically by event date.

Programs for events at which William P. Lawrence was a speaker, guest of honor, host, or attendee. The events include banquets (such as Naval Academy athletic banquets and Alfalfa Club dinners), change of command ceremonies, dances (such as the Naval Academy's N and Ring Dances), awards ceremonies (such as Naval Academy academic awards and National Football Foundation awards), ship's commissioning ceremonies, and retirement ceremonies.

Programs dating from 1949 to 1951 relate to events during Lawrence's time as a midshipman at the United States Naval Academy. Programs dating from 1978 to 1981 pertain largely to Naval Academy events during Lawrence's time as Superintendent.

PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1974-2001. (Box 14)

Organized into two sub-series by correspondent type.

Correspondence between Lawrence, his family, various colleagues, and friends. Additional correspondence dating from after Lawrence's retirement can be found in SUBJECT FILES AND PERSONAL MISCELLANY.

Family: Arranged alphabetically by correspondent; chronologically thereunder by correspondence date.

Correspondence between William Lawrence, his wife Diane, and his children, Wendy and William, Jr. The correspondence pertains largely to Lawrence's marriage, the daily activities of his family, birthdays, and holidays, as well as health and fitness workshops delivered by Diane Lawrence. Included in the sub-series are incoming and outgoing letters, greeting cards, and email printouts.

Also included in the sub-series are several letters between members of Lawrence's family and third parties.

Due to the presence of personally identifiable information, the use of correspondence with Wendy Lawrence is restricted.

General: Arranged chronologically by date of correspondence.

Correspondence between Lawrence and various correspondents, mostly dating from after Lawrence's retirement from the U.S. Navy. The majority of the correspondence consists of letters of thanks or congratulations, but also includes letters relating to the 1980 Army-Navy Game, low numbers of Naval Academy graduates in the Marine Corps (1990), speaking engagements (1990), Lawrence's candidacy for Executive Director of the NCAA (1993), flag officer announcements (2001), and Lawrence's nomination to the Yorktown Naval Test Pilot Hall of Honor (2001). Included in the sub-series are incoming and outgoing letters, greeting cards, and email printouts.

Notable correspondents include Admirals Elmo R. Zumwalt and James B. Stockdale, as well as then Secretary of Education Lamar Alexander.

SUBJECT FILES AND PERSONAL MISCELLANY, 1946-2001. (Boxes 14-18 and MS OS)

Arranged alphabetically by subject, or to a lesser extent, document type.

Documentation of William Lawrence's various personal and professional interests, as well as his post-retirement activities. The materials pertain to numerous topics, such as Lawrence's elementary and high school education; his involvement with the National Football Foundation and NCAA; his opposition to proposed changes in the commissioning of reserve officers and the extension of service obligations for service academy graduates; the 1922 Vanderbilt football team; the Grand Old Opry; the biographies and writings of other Admirals such as Arleigh Burke and James Stockdale; racial tensions aboard U.S.S. Constellation (Attack aircraft carrier: CVA-64); fighter squadron histories; ranks and length of commands of Naval Academy Superintendents; and the role of women in the Navy and Naval Academy. Included in the series are incoming and outgoing letters, newsletters, pamphlets, press clippings, event tickets, maps, calendars, guest lists, notes, notebooks, poems, congressional committee prints, mission patches, database printouts, postal covers, and decals..

Included in the series are several documents pertaining to the U.S. Navy service of William A. Bernrieder, including correspondence; publications about the Solomon Islands and South Pacific; and several Japanese government issued Filipino peso notes. Bernrieder and Lawrence were acquaintances through their involvement in the U.S.S. Houston Survivors Association.

Included in the series is a partial manuscript entitled "Last Liberty," which chronicles the history of the U.S.S Constellation, including racial tensions during 1972. The manuscript includes a prologue by Lawrence concerning his time aboard Constellation.

CERTIFICATES AND PLAQUES, 1930-2000. (Boxes 18-19 and 30 [OS])

Organized into two sub-series by document type.

Certificates: Arranged alphabetically by type; thereunder chronologically.

Certificates documenting promotions, degrees, and honors bestowed upon Lawrence. The certificates include high school and postgraduate degrees (including one honorary degree); U.S. Navy commissions; military decorations; certificates of appreciation; and honorary resolutions.

Among the certificates is a matted letter from Admiral Arleigh Burke, pertaining to Lawrence's promotion to Commander, Third Fleet.

Included in the sub-series are several certificates relating to the education and U.S. Navy career of Wendy Lawrence.

Plaques: Arranged alphabetically by type or issuing body.

Three plaques pertaining to the change of command of the Light Attack Wing Pacific, the graduates and staff of the National War College, and sports results at the United States Naval Academy during Lawrence's time as Superintendent.

PHOTOGRAPHS, 1901-2001. (Boxes 19-27; 31 [OS]-34 [OS] and MS OS)

Organized into six sub-series by subject and office of origin.

Photographic images depicting Lawrence's family, friends, and ancestors, as well as activities and events from his career as an officer in the United States Navy and personal life. Included in the series are color prints, black-and-white prints, negatives, and photocopies of various sizes.

Portraits: Arranged into two categories (Individual portraits and Group portraits), thereunder by topic.

Studio portraits and candid photographs of Lawrence, as well as his parents, wife, children, extended family, ancestors, co-workers, and friends. Groups represented in the sub-series include the Brewer family, the family of W.T. Lawrence, assemblages of naval officers, and NASA personnel.

Included among the individual portraits are autographed prints of New York Mets baseball players Willie Mays, Rusty Staub, and Tug McGraw.

Naval Academy Functions: Arranged into four categories (Alumni Activities; Buildings and Grounds; Midshipman Activities; and Superintendent Activities), thereunder alphabetically by topic.

Images depicting Lawrence's various activities while stationed at, and interactions with, the United States Naval Academy as a midshipman, alumnus, and superintendent, as well as images of Academy buildings and grounds. Events depicted in the sub-series include various award ceremonies, midshipman parades, athletic events, graduation ceremonies, change of command ceremonies, and prisoner of war commemorations.

Navy Functions: Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Images depicting Lawrence's various activities as an officer in the United States Navy, with the exception of his times stationed at the Naval Academy. Events depicted in the sub-series include award ceremonies, change of command ceremonies, parties, receptions, inspection tours, speeches, and events surrounding Lawrence's release from captivity as a prisoner of war [POW].

Included in the sub-series are photographs of Clint Eastwood, H. Ross Perot, Vice Admiral James Stockdale, and Tennessee Governor Winfield Dunn.

Recreational and Family Activities: Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Images depicting events and activities from Lawrence's personal and family life, spanning from his childhood until retirement, including parties, receptions, holiday dinners, vacations, high school reunions, high school athletics, leisure sports, and both of Lawrence's weddings. Also included in the sub-series are images depicting events pertaining solely to Robert L. Lawrence and Wendy Lawrence.

Included in the sub-series are photographs of John McCain.

Awards and Honors (General): Arranged alphabetically by award.

Images depicting awards and award ceremonies, primarily non-military, relating to William Lawrence. The awards depicted in this sub-series include those named in honor of Lawrence, those received by Lawrence from outside the Navy (such as his honorary degree from Fisk University), and awards presented by Lawrence (either of a non-military nature, or presented following Lawrence's retirement from the U.S. Navy).

Buildings, Grounds, and Landscapes (General): Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Images depicting various buildings and grounds, of both military and non-military natures. The photographs primarily depict the interior and exterior of various houses (most likely Lawrence's personal dwelling or official quarters of his various commands), as well as monuments and memorials (such as the U.S.S. Arizona memorial). Also included in this sub-series are photographs of NAS Moffett Field, NAS Patuxent River, and the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica.

Images of the United States Naval Academy's buildings and grounds can be found in PHOTOGRAPHS/Naval Academy Functions.

ARTWORK AND MEMORABILIA, 1966-1991. (Boxes 28-29 [OS] and MS OS)

Arranged by size, thereunder alphabetically by topic or document type.

Artwork and memorabilia kept by William Lawrence. The artwork includes prints and lithographs depicting the Naval Academy, a Pitcairn Autogiro, and two war-time aerial operations. The memorabilia includes a paperweight, a deck of playing cards depicting the College Football Hall of Fame, and a baseball autographed by members of the Naval Academy baseball team.

The two lithographs depicting aerial engagements are autographed by Captain David McCampbell (USN), and Vice Admiral James Stockdale (USN).

Links to Container List Sections