Guide to the James Roosevelt Papers, 1941
A collection in the
Special Collections & Archives Department,
United States Naval Academy
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, MD 21402-5029
Prepared by: David D'Onofrio
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
James Roosevelt, eldest son of Franklin Delano and Eleanor Roosevelt, was born in New York City on December 23, 1907. In his youth, Roosevelt attended schools in New York and St. Albans School in Washington, DC, before attending Groton School in Massachusetts. After graduating from Groton in 1926, Roosevelt attended Harvard University, from which he graduated in 1930.
Following graduation from Harvard, Roosevelt began working for the insurance firm of Victor De Gerard of Boston, and remained with its successors until founding Roosevelt & Sargent, Inc. While serving as president of Roosevelt & Sargent, Roosevelt received a commission as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Marine Corps., and accompanied his father, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, to the Inter-American Conference in Buenos Aires as a military aide later that year. On January 1, 1937, Roosevelt resigned from Roosevelt & Sargent, and subsequently served as an administrative assistant, and later, secretary to his father until November 1938.
After leaving the White House staff, Roosevelt worked for two years in the motion picture industry. During this time, Roosevelt resigned his commission in the Marine Corps, effective October 3, 1939. Less than two months later, he was recommissioned as a Captain in the Marine Corps Reserve. In 1941, Roosevelt was assigned as an Assistant Naval Attaché and subsequently traveled with the British Middle Eastern Forces throughout the Middle and Far East. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt was reassigned to combat duty, serving with Marine Raider battalions at Makin Island and in the New Hebrides. In August 1943, Roosevelt was assigned as an intelligence officer, subsequently serving in the Aleutian Islands and in the invasion of Okinawa. In August 1945, Roosevelt was released from active duty. He continued to remain active in the Marine Corps Reserves until his retirement in 1959, at which time he was promoted to Brigadier General.
In June 1946, Roosevelt returned to Roosevelt & Sargent, Inc. as executive vice president and established the firm's office in Los Angeles. After relocating to California, Roosevelt also made a return to politics. In July 1946, he became chairman of the California State Democratic Central Committee. In 1950, Roosevelt ran as the Democratic candidate for governor of California, losing to incumbent Earl Warren. Four years later, Roosevelt was elected to the 84th Congress as the Representative for California's 26th district. Roosevelt was reelected five more times before resigning his seat on September 30, 1965, when he was appointed to the United Nations Economic and Social Council by President Lyndon Johnson.
In December 1966, Roosevelt resigned as United States' representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Council in order to become an executive at the Investors Overseas Services Management Company, where he served until 1971. After leaving Investors Overseas Services, Roosevelt worked as a business and public relations consultant, an author, and lecturer, as well as continuing to serve on various boards.
James Roosevelt died on August 13, 1991 in Newport Beach, California.
Scope and Content Note
The James Roosevelt Papers, comprising 0.5 linear inches of documentation, span from April to August 1941. The papers pertain to the Battle of Crete, and a report regarding military readiness and civilian attitudes towards World War II in Portugal, Egypt, India, China, and the Philippines.
The collection consists of reports, orders, and incoming and outgoing letters.
The Roosevelt Papers are organized alphabetically by document type into a single series with no subdivisions. The papers, which are the product of Roosevelt's service in the United States Marine Corps during World War II, focus largely on a report drafted by Roosevelt for Admiral Harold R. Stark pertaining to the Middle and Far East. The report, which is split between military and non-military issues, concerns the attitudes of American citizens living in the Philippines; cultural and idiomatic misunderstandings with the Chinese; British difficulties in India; Egyptian opinions of the Axis and Allied powers; Axis propaganda in Arab states and Jewish/Arab tension; tribal attitudes in British West Africa; Axis propaganda in Portugal; evaluations of the Chinese military; British equipment maintenance and supply lines; and British losses in the Battle of Crete. All of the orders, and a majority of the correspondence in the collection concern the production of this report.
The remainder of the collection consists of copies of British reports and statements on the Battle of Crete. Included among these documents is a British estimate of German forces in Crete; a list of British forces in Crete; and a statement by Lord Louis Mountbatten regarding naval actions in the waters around Crete and the resulting British losses.
Additional manuscript material pertaining to James Roosevelt can be found within the holdings of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum.
|1||1||Correspondence, June - August 1941|
|2||Orders, April - June 1941|
|3||Reports - Battle of Crete, |
|4||Reports - Middle and Far East, |