Guide to the Malcolm Stearns, Jr. Naval Mine Notebook, 1941-1953
A collection in the
Special Collections & Archives Department,
United States Naval Academy
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, MD 21402-5029
Prepared by: David D'Onofrio
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
Malcolm Stearns, Jr., born in October 1917, was an officer in the United States Naval Reserve who served during World War II. Classified as a Deck Officer, Stearns attended Naval Mine Warfare School at Yorktown, Virginia in 1942, and probably served aboard a minesweeper in the Atlantic Theatre.
Scope and Content Note
Malcolm Stearns' Naval Mine Notebook and its enclosures, comprising 1.25 linear inches of documentation, span from 1941 until 1944, with several entries from 1953. The notebook details allied and enemy naval mine design, as well as minelaying and minesweeping operations during World War II.
In addition to the notebook, the collection includes loose handwritten notes, typescripts, press clippings, identification cards, visiting cards, and photographs.
The notebook itself, consisting largely of tabular data, addresses numerous aspects of naval mine technology and activities during World War II. Information pertaining directly to the mines themselves includes descriptions and specifications of American, British, German, Japanese, and Russian mines, often including specifications for both contact and influence mines, with some data dating back as far as 1852. Several descriptions also include illustrations, such as a circuit diagram for an oboe mine. Significant portions of the notebook are also devoted to acoustical mine detecting equipment (parallel pipes and hammer boxes), including British requirements for acoustic gear, acoustic gear specifications, octave analyses for parallel pipes and hammer boxes, diagrams of parallel pipes and hammer boxes, and horsepower loss due to the use of parallel pipes. Much of the remainder of the notebook is devoted to minesweeping, with entries on minesweeping reports, British minesweeping formations, a summary of British minesweeping from July 29 until august 5, 1945, and German "Sperrbrecher" minesweepers. The notebook also includes information on German mining activity in World War I, and German mining operations off of U.S. coastal waters around Cape Henry, Virginia, Cape May, New Jersey, Charleston, South Carolina, and the St. John's Lightship off of Florida.
The enclosures, originally housed in pockets inside the back cover of the notebook, include additional notes, typescripts, and press clippings on mining operations, German mine development, and British minesweeping on the River Humber, as well as Stearns' identification cards and photograph.
|1||1||Naval Mine Notebook, [1942-1953]|
|2||Enclosures - "Enemy (German) Mining Development," undated|
|3||Enclosures - "Excerpts from a Report Made by an English Minesweeping Captain Covering Enemy Mining Operations of the River Humber," 1941|
|4||Enclosures - Identification Cards, 1942|
|5||Enclosures - Notes (Handwritten), 1944 and undated|
|6||Enclosures - Photographs, undated|
|7||Enclosures - Press Clippings, undated|
|8||Enclosures - Visiting Cards, undated|