April 13-15, 2015
NAFAC 2015 Speakers List
Day 1, April 13th, 2015
Opening Key Note: ADM Gary Roughead
Panel 1: Food and Water Security
Prof. Raymond Bush
Prof. Fred Davies
Prof. Robert Paarlberg
RADM (Select )Todd J. Squire
Forrestal: Speaker TBD
Day 2, April 14th, 2015
Panel: Energy Security
Prof. Leanne Piggott
Prof. Christine Parthemore
AMB Reuben Brigety II
Day 3, April 15th, 2015
Opening Key Note: Mr. Kurt Campbell
Panel: Resource Conflict
Prof. Michael Klare
Amb. James B. Smith
Colonel Ward Scott
Closing Banquet, Distinguished Speaker:
Maj. General Arthur Denaro
ADM Gary Roughead
NAFAC ’15 proudly welcomes Admiral Gary Roughead, a 1973 United States Naval Academy graduate and former Commandant back to Annapolis to give the opening keynote address for this year’s conference. Admiral Roughead’s distinguished 38 year career was marked by changing warfare capabilities, technologies, and global contexts. As commander of both Pacific and Atlantic fleets and later the 29th Chief of Naval Operations, he led the Navy into these new frontiers with renewed emphasis on the resource, climate, and energy constraints. These constraints will be fundamental for the future naval profession and the entirety of international affairs. Admiral Roughead continues his influential career in foreign affairs as the Annenberg Distinguished Resarch Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. He is the recipient of the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal, and numerous other awards from the United States and foreign governments.
Panel 1: Food and Water Security
Professor Raymond Bush
Professor Raymond Bush is a professor of African Studies at the University of Leeds. In addition to his work at Leeds’ School of Politics and International Studies, he works with the Center for African Studies, is deputy chair of the advisory board of the academic journal Review of African Political Economy, and has done work with the UN Research Institute for Social Development, the Norwegian Nobel Institute and the American University in Cairo. A sampling of his published work includes Marginality and Exclusion in Egypt, and journal articles concerning mining and markets throughout Africa and the impacts of development on these sovereign actors. He is a world class thinker, author, and teacher about the Global South, a specialty inextricably tied to issues of this year’s conference concerning food, water, energy, and resource sovereignty, and we are proud to welcome him as a panelist at NAFAC ’15.
Professor Fred Davies
Professor Fred Davies is a Regents Professor in the Department of Horticultural Sciences and the interdisciplinary program of Molecular and Environmental Plant Sciences at Texas A&M University. After earning his doctorate in horticulture, plant physiology, and tropical agriculture from the University of Florida, he has worked with numerous research institutions, from the USDA Horticultural Crops Lab in Oregon to the Plant Biology Institute in Mexico and the International Potato Center in Peru. He has taught from Texas to Indonesia and received support for his work from NASA, the Department of Agriculture, and numerous private and public agencies. He currently serves within USAID engaging farmers and their governments on techniques to improve food security and quality of life, all the while finding time to author the standard text in the field of Plant Propagation and serve at one point as President of the International Plant Propagators’ Society. The Naval Academy is privileged to enjoy Dr. Davies’ expertise as we examine issues on which his wisdom is highly prized throughout the world, and look forward to his contribution on our panel.
Professor Robert Paarlberg
Dr. Paarlberg is a food and agricultural policy expert with a focus on farming technologies and poverty in the developing world. He earned his PH.D. from Harvard and teaches at Wellesley College. His expertise in biotechnology, social justice and environmental stability has allowed him to give talks throughout private industry and government institutions, from Mars Candy Company to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in Rome to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He has multiple published works and has received funding from USAID, the International Food Policy Research Institute and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for work in more than a dozen African countries. He teaches courses on economic policy and international relations, and his book Starved for Science contains forewords from not one, but two Nobel Peace Prize winners, Jimmy Carter and Norman Borlaug. His wide-ranging and diverse talents and expertise puts him at the center of a rapidly evolving political, humanitarian, and security environment with food and water playing an increasingly pivotal role, and the Naval Academy is pleased he could join us.
RADM Todd J. Squire
RADM Todd Squire received his commission through ROTC after graduating in 1987 at the University of Utah, and received his master’s degree from the German Armed Forces Staff College in Hamburg, Germany. In 2005 he transitioned to the Foreign Affairs Officer Community upon its creation, where he became a “plank owner” of the new community. He was recognized as US Pacific Fleet Landing Signal Officer of the Year, yet it was his international expertise that qualified him for the position of Director for International Engagement at the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, where he currently serves as a critical leader for the United States Navy as it copes with the ever-rising pressure of food and water security and its adverse effects on global sovereignty and stability. The Naval Academy is glad Rear Admiral Squire could join us to provide insight uniquely suited to NAFAC’s core objectives for this year’s conference.
Panel 2: Energy Security
Professor Leanne Piggott
Dr. Leanne Piggott is a graduate of the University of Oxford and the University of Sydney and currently is the Director of Business Education at the University of Sydney Business School. There, she teaches political risk management as well as the relationships in energy, environment, politics and business, coinciding with her research interests, described as “the nexus between energy, food, and water security”. Her talents are in high demand today, and her expertise in the geopolitics of oil markets and off-shore investment strategies for food security ensures that NAFAC ’15 will certainly not be her last speaking engagement. Dr. Piggot is also a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and has published works in national security and in conjunction with the RAND Corporation. We thank her for joining the panel.
Professor Christine Parthemore
AMB Reuben Brigety II
The Naval Academy welcomes back Ambassador Reuben Brigety II, a 1995 distinguished graduate and former Brigade Commander who earned a Pownall Scholarship, studying and earning his Masters and Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge, England. He is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and a Life Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, where he earned the Council’s International Affairs Fellowship. He served as an assistant professor of government and politics at George Mason as well as the School of International Service at American University. He has researched with the Arms Division of the Human Rights Watch, and has been on research units within Afghanistan and Iraq. Most recently, he has served as the Representative of the United States to the African Union, and Permanent Representative of the United States to the UN Economic Commission of Africa, following stints as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of African Affairs and in the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.
Keynote: Dr. Kurt Campbell
Dr. Kurt Campbell
The Naval Academy is honored to present Dr. Kurt Campbell, Chairman and CEO of The Asia Group, and former Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs. Amidst his work at think tanks and within the United States Government, including as CEO and co-founder of the Center for a New American Security and Director of the Aspen Strategy Group, Dr. Campbell has seen firsthand the wide-ranging security challenges and obstacles in today’s international affairs. Kurt Campbell was a “central figure in advancing the US-China relationship and was a key player in the historic normalization of bilateral ties between the United States and Burma/Myanmar”, and has been a strong advocate of the primacy of the resource and climate battles that face the United States and societies around the globe. He has published numerous studies and books, and was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Order of Australia for service to strengthening bilateral relations between Australia and the United States of America, as well as an honorary Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit. He has served as Henry A. Kissinger Chair in National Security Policy at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and taught public policy and international relations at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The Naval Academy is proud to have him present our third day’s Keynote Address.
Panel 3: Resource Conflict
Ambassador James B. Smith
James B. Smith is the former United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. He was sworn in by President Obama on September 16, 2009 and he left his post on September 27, 2013. Prior to his appointment, Ambassador Smith worked for the Raytheon Company on corporate strategic planning, aircraft manufacturing, and international business development. Ambassador Smith graduated is a distinguished graduate of the United States Air Force Academy’s Class of 1974. There, he was awarded the Richard I. Bong award as the Outstanding Cadet in Military History and he went on to receive his Masters in History from Indiana University and later attended the Naval War College, the Air Command and Staff College and the National War College. Ambassador Smith spent 28 years in the United States Air Force and as a fighter pilot he logged over 4000 hours of flight time. He commanded the 94th Fighter Squadron, the 325th Operations Group and the 18th Fighter Wing and served as the Air Force Chair and Professor of Military Strategy at the National War College.
Professor Michael Klare
Michael Klare is a prolific author on resources, conflict, and the environment. He is the Five College Professor of Peace and World Security Studies (a joint appointment at Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, Smith Colleges and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst), and director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College in Amherst, Massachusetts. Beyond his books and monographs, Klare also serves as the defense correspondent for The Nation and has written for Current History, Foreign Affairs, Le Monde Diplomatique, the Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, the New York Times, Scientific American, and Technology Review. He received a B.A. and M.A. from Columbia University and a PhD. from the Graduate School of the Union Institute, and is highly cited and respected in this ever-growing field examining the connections and expanse of resources, scarcity, and conflict. The Naval Academy is privileged to have him join this panel.
Ward Scott is the Founder and Managing Partner of the international commercial law firm Scott Advocates LLP, based in Kabul, Afghanistan, with offices in Washington, DC, USA. He is a member of the New Hampshire Bar Association, the American Bar Association, and the International Bar Association, and is a highly respected and experienced litigator, appellate counsel, and negotiator. He works in white collar crime, commercial, land use, real estate, and many successful state Supreme Court appeals and jury trials and investigative inquiries. In Afghanistan, Mr Scott has served as NATO Senior Advisor for Parliamentary Affairs to the Minister of Interior, and successfully developed, in collaboration with his Afghan colleagues, a newly structured Department for Parliamentary Affairs. He subsequently appeared before the Internal Security Commission of the Wolesi Jirga, to brief the Commission on the new, best practices scheme. He has served as Chairman of the Legal Committee of the International Reform Working Group and Chairman of the Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) of the American Embassy in Kabul, and has 34 years of active and reserve service as a retired Marine Infantry Colonel.
Closing Banquet: Distinguished Speaker
Major General Arthur Denaro
Major General Arthur Denaro was born in Sungei Patani, Malaya and raised in County Donegal, Republic of Ireland. His distinguished career began when he was commissioned into the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars; his life as a young officer included commanding tank troops in the British Army and being involved in clandestine operations worldwide with UK Special Forces. Prestigious appointments during his career included commanding his Regiment in the War to Liberate Kuwait, and becoming Chief of Staff of 44,000 troops during the Balkans conflict. (The troops were drawn from no less than 31 different nations and they had to operate in a particularly complex and often cruel environment. Major General Denaro's role included ensuring international relations were maintained despite fraught and often dangerous events.) Towards the end of his career, he became Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst for three years where he trained international graduates in the art of leadership and the skills of management. He was also the Middle East adviser to the Secretary of State for Defence for six years until 2002. After retiring from the British Army, Major General Denaro served as Adviser to the Crown Prince of Bahrain, Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, from 2003 to 2007. In 2007, he joined the Strategic Real Estate Advisors and the Inspirational Development Group. Major General Denaro is now a motivational speaker, mentor, advisor and consultant.