NASA Astronauts

Bryan D. O'Connor

Class of 1968
Colonel, USMC, Ret.
NASA Astronaut
Chief, Safety and Mission Assurance - NASA Headquarters

Bryan D. O'Connor-NASA Photo

STS-40 Mission Specialist (MS) M. Rhea Seddon (left) and Commander Bryan D. O'Connor review the text and graphics system (TAGS) 15 ft long printout on the middeck of Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102. Using the intravehicular activity (IVA) foot restraints, the two obviously expect their perusing to take a while. During the nine-day Spacelab Life Sciences 1 (SLS-1) mission, the STS-40 crewmembers received a large volume of similar printouts from ground controllers. Taped to the starboard wall behind them are a University of California banner, a training team portrait, and family photos.

PERSONAL DATA: Born September 6, 1946, in Orange, California, but considers Twentynine Palms, California to be his hometown. Bryan and his wife Susan have two married sons, Thomas, and Kevin, and a granddaughter, Ella Renee. The O'Connor family enjoys hiking, photography, music, and gardening.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Twentynine Palms High School, Twentynine Palms, California, in 1964; received a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering (minor in Aeronautical Engineering) from the United States Naval Academy in 1968 and a Master of Science degree in Aeronautical Systems from the University of West Florida in 1970. He graduated from the Naval Safety School at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California in 1972 and from the Naval Test Pilot School, Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent River, Maryland in 1976.

SPECIAL HONORS: Inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame in 2008; Naval Safety School Top Graduate; Naval Test Pilot School Distinguished Graduate Award; Defense Superior Service Medal (2); Distinguished Flying Cross; Navy Meritorious Service Medal; NASA Distinguished Service Medal; NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (2); NASA Exceptional Service Medal (2); NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal; NASA Silver Snoopy Award; AIAA System Effectiveness and Safety Award; AIAA Barry M.Goldwater Education Award; Aviation Week and Space Technology Laureate (Space and Missiles).

EXPERIENCE: O'Connor began active duty with the United States Marine Corps in June 1968 following graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis. He received his Naval Aviatorís wings in June 1970, and served as an attack pilot flying the A-4 Skyhawk and the AV-8A Harrier on land and sea assignments in the United States, Europe and the Western Pacific.

O'Connor attended the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in 1975 and served as a test pilot with the Naval Air Test Centers Strike Test Directorate at Patuxent River, Maryland. During this 3- year assignment, he participated in evaluations of various conventional and VSTOL aircraft, including the A-4, OV-10, AV-8, and X-22 VSTOL research aircraft. From June 1977 to June 1979 he was the Naval Air Test Center project officer in charge of all Harrier flight testing, including the planning and execution of the First Navy Preliminary Evaluation of the YAV-8B advanced Harrier prototype. When informed of his selection to NASAs Astronaut Program in 1980, he was serving as the Deputy Program Manager (Acquisition) for the AV-8 program at the Naval Air Systems Command in Washington, D.C.

NASA EXPERIENCE: O'Connor was selected as an astronaut in May 1980. After a one-year initial training program at NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, O'Connor served in a variety of functions in support of the first test flights of the Space Shuttle, including simulator test pilot for STS-1and 2, safety/photo chase pilot for STS-3, and support crew for STS-4. He was CAPCOM (spacecraft communicator) for STS-5 through STS-9. He also served as Aviation Safety Officer for the Astronaut Corps.

When the Challenger and its crew were lost in January, 1986 O'Connor was given a number of safety and management assignments over the next three years as the Space Agency recovered from the disaster. In the first days after the accident, he organized the initial wreckage reassembly activities at Cape Canaveral. Then he established and managed the operation of the NASA Headquarters Action Center, the link between NASA and the Presidential Blue Ribbon Accident Investigation Panel (The Rogers Commission). In March 1986 he was assigned duties as Assistant (Operations) to the Space Shuttle Program Manager, as well as first Chairman of NASA's new Space Flight Safety Panel, jobs he held until February 1988 and 1989 respectively. He subsequently served as Deputy Director of Flight Crew Operations from February 1988 until August 1991.

As of this writing, O'Connor has flown over 5000 hours in over 40 types of aircraft. A veteran of two space flights, he has over 386 hours in space, covering five and three quarter million miles in 253 orbits of the earth. O'Connor was pilot on STS-61B in 1985 and was crew commander on STS-40 in 1991.

O'Connor left NASA in August 1991 to become commanding officer of the Marine Aviation Detachment, Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent River. During this 10 month assignment, he led 110 marine test pilots and technicians, participated as an AV-8B project test pilot, instructed students at the Test Pilot School, directed the Naval Air Test Center Museum, and served as Deputy Director and Chief of Staff of the Flight Test and Engineering Group.

O'Connor returned to NASA Headquarters in Washington, retiring from the Marine Corps to become the Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Flight. He was immediately assigned the task of developing a comprehensive flight safety improvement plan for the Space Shuttle, working closely with Congress and the Administration for funding of the major upgrade program. Then in late summer 1992, he was assigned as leader of the negotiating team that traveled to Moscow to establish the framework for what subsequently became the Shuttle/MIR program.

In March 1993 O'Connor was assigned as Director, Space Station Redesign. He and his 50 person team of engineers, managers, and International Partners developed, then recommended substantial vehicle and program restructure strategies which led to the International Space Station Program. In September, he was named Acting Space Station Program Director. Then in April 1994, O'Connor was reassigned as Director, Space Shuttle Program.

O'Connor left NASA in February 1996 to become an aerospace consultant. He served on several advisory commissions and boards, and in 1999, he joined Futron Corporation, a Washington D.C. based company providing risk management and aerospace safety and dependability services to government and commercial organizations. In June 2002, O'Connor returned to NASA for a third time, this time to serve as Chief, Safety and Mission Assurance at NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE: STS-61B Atlantis (November 26 to December 3, 1985). STS-61B was the 22nd Shuttle flight and was the second-ever night shuttle launch from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. It was the heaviest payload weight carried to orbit by the Space Shuttle to date, and the first flight to deploy 4 satellites. After completing 108 orbits of the earth in 165 hours, Atlantis returned to land at Edwards Air Force Base, California.

STS-40 Columbia (June 5-14, 1991). STS-40/SLS-1 was the first Space Shuttle mission dedicated to life science studies. During the 9-day mission the crew performed an extensive series of biomedical experiments. After 145 orbits of the Earth traveling 3.29 million miles in 218 hours, O'Connor piloted Columbia to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, his crew having safely and successfully completed over 100% of their mission objectives.

Astronaut Photos and Biographies - Courtesy of NASA
Lucky Bag Photos- Courtesy of USNA Archives

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