There are a number of locations identified by Muslim exegetes as being the final resting place of Adam. The main three places are Mecca (Mount Abu Qubays), Jerusalem, and Khalil (Hebron). Christian tradition generally places the tomb of Adam in Jerusalem under the place where Jesus was crucified, called the "Cave of Treasures" and described in the Syriac "Book of the Cave of Treasures." Jewish tradition generally places the burial place of Adam in the Cave of Machpelah where Abraham and his sons are also said to be buried. All three traditions mention that Seth was responsible for the burial of his father Adam since Abel had been expelled after his murder of Cain.
Ubayy b. Ka'b: Your father Adam was as tall as a very tall palm, that is, 60 cubits. He had much hair, and his private parts were concealed...When Adam was dead, the angels washed him separately with lotus and water, and dressed him in separate layers of shrouds. then they prepared a grave and buried him. They said: This will be the custom of the children of Adam after him (Tabari, Tarikh al-Rusul wa al-Muluk, 1:71).
Ibn Kathir: Some claim that Adam is buried on the mountain to which he fell in India. Others say that he is buried in Mount Abu Qubays in Mecca, or that Noah took the bodies of Adam and Eve on the Ark and reburied them in Jerusalem.
Ibn ďAsakir says that the head of Adam is at the mosque of Abraham in the city of Khalil and his legs at the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. In his history, Tabari reports that Noah did take Adam and Eve with him on the Ark but then returned them both to the cave on Mount Abu Qubays, also called the "Cave of the Treasure," in which they had originally been buried.