Pitt Rivers

 

Arabic Reference Works
for Islamic Studies

DIN
Ibn Qutaybah, Kitab al-ma'arif,
ed. Thawrat Ukasha, 2d ed. (Cairo, 1969).

al-Khawirzmi, Mafatih al-'ulum (Cairo : Dar al-Nahdah al-'Arabiyah, 1978).

Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Usul al-din (Cairo: Maktabat al-Kulliyat al-Azhariyah, 197?).

Abu Ya'la Ibn al-Farra ', Kitab al-mu'tamad fi usul al-din, ed. W.Z. Haddad (Beirut, 1974).

'Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi, Kitab usul al-din (Istanbul, 1928).

Ibn Sina, al-Shifa' (Cairo: Wizarat al-Ma'arif, 1952-1983).

al-Ash'ari, al-Ibanah 'an usul al-diyanah, ed. 'Abbas Sabbagh (Beirut: Dar al-Nafais, 1994).

al-Ghazali, Ihya ' 'ulum al-din (Beirut: al-Maktabah al-'Asariyah, 1413).

QURAN
Abu Bakr M. b. al-Tayyib al-Baqillani, I'jaz al-Qur 'an, ed. Ahmad Saqr (Cairo: Dar al-Ma'arif, 1981).

Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-Ittiqan fi 'ulum al-Qur 'an, ed. M. Abu Fadl Ibrahim, 4 vols. (Cairo: Dar al-Turath, 1405).

'Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani, Dala 'il al-i'jaz fi 'ilm al-ma'ani (Cairo, 1961).

Muhammad b. 'Ayyub Ibn al-Durays, Fada 'il al-Qur 'an, ed. Ghazwat Budayr (Damascus, 1987).

tafsir
al-Tabari, Jami' al-bayan 'an ta 'wil ay al-Qur 'an, ed. Mahmud Muhammad Shakir and Ahmad Muhammad Shakir, 16 vols. (Cairo: Dar al-Ma'arif, 1954-).

Muqatil b. Sulayman, Tafsir al-Qur 'an, ed. 'Abdallah Mahmud Shihata, 5 vols. (Cairo, 1979).

Muhammad Husayn al-Tabataba 'i, al-Mizan fi tafsir al-Qur 'an, 20 vols. (Beirut: Mu 'assat al-A'lami li al-Matbu'at, 1394).

Ibn 'Atiyyah, al-Muharrar al-wajiz fi tafsir al-kitab al-'aziz, 16 vols. (Morocco: Muhammadiyah, 1975-1991).

Ibn al-'Arabi, Tafsir al-Qur 'an al-karim, 2 vols. (Beirut: Dar al-Yaqzah al-'Arabiyah, 1387).

Ibn al-Jawzi, Zad al-masir fi 'ilm al-tafsir, 9 vols. (Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami li al-Tiba'ah wa al-Nashr, 1384-1388).

al-Zarkashi, Burhan fi 'ulum al-Qur 'an, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dar al-Jil, 1988).

al-Siyalkuti, Hashiyah 'ala al-tafsir li all-Qadi al-Baydawi (Quetta: Maktabat-i Islamiyah, 1977).

Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Qur 'an al-'azim, 4 vols. (Cairo: Matba'ah Mustafa Muhammad, 1937).

'Abd al-Rahman al-Tha'alibi, al-Jawahir al-hisn fi tafsir al-Qur 'an, 2 vols. (Algiers, 1905).

Mahmud al-Zamakhshari, al-Kashshaf 'an haqa 'iq ghawamid al-tanzi wa 'uyun al-aqawil fi wujuh al-ta 'wil, 4 vols. (Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi, 1366).

Abu 'Abdallah al-Hibari, Tafsir, ed. M. Rida al-Husayni (Beirut, 1987).

Hud b. Muhakkam al-Huwwari, Tafsir kitab Allah al-'aziz, ed. Belhaj Sharifi, 4 vols. (Beirut, 1990).

Nizam al-Din al-Nisaburi, Ghara 'ib al-Qur 'an wa ragha 'ib al-furqan, ed. Ibrahim 'Atwah 'Awwad, 10 vols. (Cairo: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1381-1390).

Abu al-Hasan al-Qummi, Tafsir al-Qummi, ed. al-Sayyid Tayyib al-Musawi al Jaza 'iri, 2 vols. (Najaf: Matba'at al-Najaf, 1386).

Abu al-Layth al-Samarqandi, Tafsir al-Qur 'an, 3 vols. (Beirut, 1993).

Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Qurtubi, al-Jami' li al-ahkam al-Qur 'an, 20 vols. (Cairo: Dar al-Katib al-'Arabi, 1387).

Sayyid Qutb, Fi zilal al-Qur 'an, 8 vols. (Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-'Arabi, 1391).

Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, al-Tafsir al-kabir, 32 vols. (Cairo: al-Matba'ah al-Bahlyah, n.d.).

Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Shawkani, Fath al-qadir al-jami' bayna fannay al-riwayah wa al-dirayah fi 'ilm al-tafsir, 5 vols. (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1393).

Abu 'Ali al-Fadl b. al-Hasan al-Tabarsi, Majma' al-bayan fi tafsir al-Qur 'an, 6 vols. (Beirut: Dar Maktabat al-Hayat, 1380).

Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Tusi, al-Tibyan fi tafsir al-Qur 'an, 10 vols. (Najaf: al-Matba'ah al-'Ilmiyah, 1376-1383).

Abu al-Hasan al-Wahidi, Asbab nuzul al-Qur 'an (Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-Jadid, 1389).

mufassirun
Muhammad Husayn al-Dhahabi, al-Tafsir wa al-mufassirun, 2 vols. (Cairo: Maktabah Wahbah, 1405).

al-Suyuti, Tabaqat al-mufassirin, ed. A. Meursinge, 1839 (Reprint, Tehran: M.H. Asadl, 1960).

HADITH
Ibn al-Salah, 'Ulum al-hadith (Medinah, 1386).

Kutub
Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih, ed. L. Krehl and Th. W. Juynboll, 4 vols. (Leiden, 1862-1908).

Muslim, Sahih, ed. Muhammad Fu 'ad 'Abd al-Baqi, 5 vols. (Cairo, 1955-1956).

Abu Da 'ud, Sunan, ed. Muhammad Muhyi al-Din 'Abd al-Hamid, 4 vols. (Cairo, 1935).

al-Nasa 'i, Kitab al-sunan al-kubra, ed. 'Abd al-Samad Sharaf al-Din (Bhiwandi, 1972).

Ibn Majah, Sunan, ed. Muhammad Fu 'ad 'Abd al-Baqi, 2 vols (Cairo, 1952-1953).

al-Tirmidhi, al-Jami' al-sahih, ed. Ahmad Muhammad Shakir, Muhammad Fu 'ad 'Abd al-Baqi, and Ibrahim 'Atwah 'Iwad, 5 vols. (Cairo, 1937-1965).

musannaf
al-Bayhaqi, Kitab al-sunan al-kubra, 10 vols. (Hyderabad, 1344-1355).

al-Darimi, Sunan (Beirut, 1995). 'Abd al-Razzaq al-San'ani, al-Musannaf, ed. Habib al-Rahman al-A'zami, 11 vols. (Beirut, 1970-1972).

Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf, 5 vols. (Hyderabad, 1966-1971).

Ibn Hibban al-Busti, Sahih, ed. Ahmad Muhammad Shakir (Cairo, 1952).

Ibn Khuzaymah, Sahih, ed. M. Mustafa al-A'zami, 4 vols. (Beirut, 1390-1399).

Abu Bakr 'Abdallah b. al-Zubayr al-Humaydi, al-Musnad, ed. Habib al-Rahman al-A'zami, 2 vols. (Medina, n.d.).

'Abdallah b. Wahb, Jami' Ibn Wahb, ed. J. David-Weill, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1939-1948).

Abu 'Awanah, al-Musnad, 2 vols. (Hyderabad, 1362).

Abu Ya'la, al-Musnad, ed. Husayn Salim Asad, 13 vols. (Cairo, 1962).

shuruh
al-Baghawi, Sharh al-sunnah, 16 vols., ed. Shu'ayb al-Arna 'ut and Muhammad Zuhayr al-Shawish (n.p., 1971-1980).

al-Hakim M. b. 'Abdallah al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak 'ala al-Sahihayn, 4 vols. (Hyderabad, 1342).

'Abd al-Rahman al-Mubarkafuri, Tuhfat al-ahwadhi sharh Jami' al-Tirmidhi, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman Muhammad 'Uthman, 10 vols. (Beirut, n.d.).

Ibn al-Athir, al-Nihayah fi gharib al-hadith wa al-athar, 5 vols., ed. Mahmud al-Tanahi and Tahir al-Zawi (Cairo, 1963-1965).

Ibn Hajar, Fath al-bari sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, 20 vols. (Cairo: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1959).

Ibn Rajab, Sharh 'ilal al-Tirmidhi, ed. al-Sayyid Subhi Jasir al-Humaydi (Baghdad, 1396).

al-Qastallani, Irshad al-sari, 10 vols. (Bulaq, 1288).

al-Zurqani, Sharh 'ala al-mawahib al-laduniyah li al-Qastallani, 8 vols. (Cairo, 1329).

al-Suyuti, Tadrib al-rawi fi sharh taqrib al-Nawawi, ed. 'Abd al-Wahhab 'Abd al-Latif, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1963).

nabuwwah
al-Bayhaqi, Dala 'il al-nubuwwah, ed. 'Abd al-Mu'ti Qal'aji (Beirut, 1405).

Ibn Hazm, Jawami' al-sirah al-nabawiyah (Cairo: Maktabat al-Turath al-Islami, n.d.).

Ibn Hisham, al-Sirah al-nabawiyah, ed. al-Saqqa al-Abyari and Shalabi (Beirut, 1391).

Abu al-Qasim Isma'il b. M. Qiwam al-Sunnah, Dala 'il al-nubuwwah, ed. al-Rashid al-Hamid, 4 vols. (Riyad, 1992).

al-Dhahabi, al-Sirah al-nabawiyah, ed. Husam al-Din al-Qudsi (Beirut, 1981).

FIQH
Muhammad b. Ahmad Ibn Rushd, Bidayat al-mujtadhid wa hihayat al-muqtasid, ed. Muhammad Salim Muhaysin and Muhammad Sha'ban Isma'il, 2 vols. (Cairo: Maktabat al-Kuliyat al-Azhariyah, 1394).

Zayd b. 'Ali, Majmu' al-fiqh, ed. E. Griffini (Milan, 1919).

al-Qadi al-Nu'man, Ikhtilaf usul al-madhahib, ed. S. Lokhandwalla (Simla: al-Ma'had al-Hindi li al-Dirasat al-Mutaqaddimah, 1972).

Hanafi
al-Shaybani, Kitab al-asl fi al-furu', ed. Chafik Chehata (Cairo, 1954).

Abu Yusuf, al-Radd 'ala siyar al-Awza'i, ed. Abu al-Wafa ' al-Afghani (Cairo: Maktabat Dar al-Hidayah, 198-).

Abu Yusuf, Ikhtilaf Abi Hanifah wa Ibn Abi Layla, ed. al-Afghani (Cairo: Maktabat Dar al-Hidayah, 1357).

al-Sarakhsi, Kitab al-mabsut, 30 vols. in 15 vols. (Cairo, 1324-1331; reprint., Beirut: Dar al-Marifah, n.d.).

al-Sarakhsi, Usul, ed. Abu al-Wafa ' al-Afghani (Cairo, 1372).

'Ali b. 'Imam al-Dabusi, Ta 'sis al-nazar (Cairo: Zakariya 'Ali Yusuf, 1320).

Ibn al-Humam, Sharh fath al-qadir 'ala al-hidayah: sharh bidayat al-mubtada, ma'a sharh al-'inayah 'ala al-Hidayah, 10 vols. (Cairo: Mustafa al-Babi al-Halabi, 1389).

Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Tahawi, Sharh ma'ani al-athar, ed. Muhammad Sayid Jadd al-Haqq, 4 vols. (Cairo: Matba'at al-Anwar al-Muhammadiyah, 1968).

Abu Bakr al-Kasani, Bida 'i' al-sana 'i' fi tartib al-shara 'i', 7 vols. (Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi, 1328).

Ibn 'Abidin, Radd al-muhtar 'ala al-dar al-mukhtar: sharh tanwir al-absar, 5 vols. (Quetta: Maktabah Majidiyah, 1404).

'Ala al-Din al-Samarqandi, Tuhfat al-fuqaha ', ed. M. al-Muntasar al-Kitabi and Wahbah al-Zuhayli (Cairo, n.d.)

Menla Khusraw, Ghurar al-ahkam wa durar al-hukkam (Cairo: Matba'at al-'Amirah al-Sharafiyah, 1304).

'Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad Damad, Majma' al-anhur fi sharh multaqa al-abhur, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1319).

Abu Bakr b. 'Ali al-Haddad, Jawharat al-nayyirah (Cairo: Mahmud Bey, 1301).

al-Nasafi, Kanz al-daqa 'iq (Multan: Maktabah-i Imadiyah, 1979).

Zayn al-Din Ibn Nujaym, al-Bahr al-ra 'iq: sharh kanz al-daqa 'iq, 8 vols. (Quetta: al-Maktabah al-Majidiyah, 1983).

al-Sharranbulali, Nur al-idah (Multan: Maktab-i Imadiyah, 1979).

'Abd al-Hakim al-Afghani, Kashf al-haqa 'iq sharh kanz al-daqa 'iq, 2 vols. (Cairo: al-Matba'at al-Adabiyah, 1318).

Shafi'i
al-Shafi'i, al-Risalah, ed. Muhammad Shakir (Cairo: Maktabat Halabi, 1358).

al-Shafi'i, Kitab al-Umm, 7 vols. (Bulaq, 1329).

Ibn al-Mahamili, Kitab al-lubab fi al-fiqh (Cairo, n.d.).

Abu Zur'ah al-'Iraqi, Tanqih al-lubab fi al-fiqh (Cairo, n.d.).

'Abd Allah b. Hijazi al-Sharqawi, Hashiyat 'ala Tuhfat al-tullab bi sharh tahrir tanqih al-lubab li Abi Yahya ' Zakariya ', 2 vols. (Beirut: Dar Ihya ' al-Turath al-'Arabi, 1994).

Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani, al-Risalah (Cairo: Dar Ihya ' al-Kutub al-'Arabiyah, 1345).

'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Ali al-Makkudi, Sharh abi Zayd 'Ala Alfiyat b. Malik (1920).

al-Zarkashi, al-Bahr al-muhit, 8 vols. (Cairo: Dar al-Kutub, 1994).

'Ali b. Ahmad al-'Adawi, Hashiyat al-'Adawi 'ala kifayat al-Talib al-Rabbani li-Risalat Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani (Beirut: al-Maktabah al-Thaqafiyah, 199-).

Maliki
Sahnun, al-Mudawwana al-kubra (Cairo, 1323-1345).

Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, al-Istidhkar fi sharh madhahib fuqaha' al-amsar wa-'ulama' al-aqtar fi-ma tadammana-hu al-Muwatta' min ma'ani al-ra'y wa al-athar, ed. 'Ali al-Najdi Nasif (Cairo, 1971).

al-Suyuti, Tanwir al-hawalik (Beirut: al-Maktabat al-Thaqafiyah, 1973).

Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Baqi al-Zurqani, Anwar kawkab anhaj al-masalik bi mazj Muhammad al-Imam Malik, 4 vols. (Cairo, 1279).

Hanbali
Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 6 vols. (Cairo, 1311).

Ibn Qudamah, Rawdat al-nazir wa jannat al-munazir (Cairo: al-Matba'at al-Salafiyah, 1385).

usul
al-Shirazi [d476], al-Luma' fl usul al-fiqh, ed. 'Abd al-Majid Turki (Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1988).

Ibn Hazm, al-Ihkam fi usul al-ahkam, ed. Ahmad Shakir (Cairo: Matba'at al-'Asimah, 1968).

'Ali b. Abi 'Ali al-Amidi, al-Ihkam fi usul al-ahkam, 3 vols. (Cairo: Muhammad 'Ali Subayh, 1969).

Ibn Khalaf al-Baji, al-Hudud fi al-usul, ed. N. Hammad (Beirut: Mu'assasat al-Zu'bi li al-Tiba'ah wa al-Nashr, 1973).

Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Basri, al-Mu'tammad fi usul al-fiqh, ed. Hamidallah and others, 2 vols. (Damascus, 1964).

'Uthman b. 'Umar b. al-Hajib, Kitab mukhtasar al-muntaha al-usul, ed. Farajallah Zaki al-Kurdi (Cairo: Matba'ah Kurdistan al-'Ilmiyah, 1326).

Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, al-Mustasfa min 'ilm al-usul, 2 vols. (Cairo: al-Maktabat al-Tijariyat al-Kubra, 1907).

al-Juwayni, al-Burhan fi usul al-fiqh, ed. 'Abd al-'Azim al-Dib (Cairo, 1400).

'Abd al-Rahim b. al-Hasan al-Isnawi [d. 772], al-Tamhid fi takhrij al-furu' 'ala al-usul,  ed. Muhammad Hasan Hitu (Beirut, 1980).

al-Shawkani, Irshad al-fuhul ila tahqiq al-haqq min 'ilm al-usul (Cairo: Matba'at al-Sa'adah, 1909).

TABAQAT
Ibn Shakir al-Kutubi [d. 765], Fawat al-wafayat, ed. Muhammad Muhyi al-Din 'Abd al-Hamid, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1951).

Salah al-Din al-Safadi, al-Wafi bi al-wafayat, ed. Sven Dedering, Das biographische Lexikon des Salahaddin khalil Ibn Aibak as-Safadi, Bibliotheca Islamica 6 (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag GMBH, 1959).

Ibn Khallikan, Wafayat al-'ayan, ed. Ihsan 'Abbas (Beirut: Dar Assakafa, 1968-1972). Ibn al-'Imad al-Hanbali [1032-1089], Shadharat al-dhahab fi akhbar min dhahab, 8 vols. (Cairo, 1350-1931).

'Abdallah b. As'ad al-Yafi'i [1298-1367], Mirat al-jinan wa 'ibrat al-yaqzan fi ma'rifat ma yu'tabar min hawadith al-zaman, 4 vols. (Hyderabad, 1337-1339).

Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi, Siyar a'lam al-nubala ', 25 vols., ed. Shu'ayb al-Arna'ut and Husayn al-Asa (Beirut: Mu'assasat al-Risalah, 1981-1988).

'Umar Rida Kahhalah, Mu'jam al-mu 'allifin: tarajim musannifi al-kutub al-'arabiyah (Damascus, 1377).

al-Zirikli, al-A'lam: qamus tarajim li-ashar al-rijal wa al-nisa ' min al-'arab wa al-musta'ribin wa al-mustashriqin, 10 vols. (Cairo: al-Tab'at al-'Arabiyah, 1374).

Sahabah and Tabi'un
Muhammad Ibn Sa'd [168-230], Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir, ed. Eduard Sachau, 8 vols. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1904-1940); ed. Ihsan 'Abbas (Beirut, 1957-1968).

Ibn 'Abd al-Barr [368-463], al-Isti'ab fi ma'rifat al-ashab, ed. Hasan b. Ahmad al-Nu'mani (Hyderabad, 1917), ed. 'Ali Muhammad al-Bajawi, 4 vols. (Cairo, 197?).

Ibn al-Athir [555-630], Usd al-ghabah fi ma'rifat al-sahabah, 7 vols. (Cairo, 1970-1973).

Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani [773-852], al-'Isabah fi tamyiz al-sahabah, ed. 'Ali Muhammad al-Bajawi, 8 vols. (Cairo, 1970); (Baghdad, 1978); (Cairo, 1969); (Cairo, 1939); (Calcutta, 1856).

al-Suyuti, Is'af al-muwatta ' bi rijal al-Muwatta ', ed. Faruq Sa'd (Beirut, 1979).

Abu Nu'aym, Ma'rifat al-sahabah, ed. M. Radi b. Hajj, 3 vols. (Medina and Riyad, 1988).

Tabaqat and Ta 'rikh
Khalifah b. Khayyat [d240], Kitab al-tabaqat, ed. Suhail Zakkar, 2 vols. (Damascus, 1966).

al-Baladhuri, Ansab al-ashraf, multiple vols. (Cairo, 1959-).

Ya'qub b. Sufyan al-Basawi [d277], Kitab al-ma'rifah wa al-ta 'rikh, ed. Akram Diya ' al-'Umari, 3 vols. (Beirut, 1974).

Abu Zur'ah, 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Amr [d281], Ta 'rikh Abi Zur'ah al-Dimashqi, ed. Shakrullah Na'matullah al-Qawjani, 2 vols. (Damascus, 1973).

Muhaddithun Muhammad al-Bukhari [194-256], al-Ta 'rikh al-kabir, 4 vols. (Hyderabad, 1361). See two volumes of indices, al-Tarajim wa al-a'lam and Atraf al-ahadith wa al-athar (Beirut, n.d.).

al-Bukhari, Kitab al-du'afa ' al-saghir (Allahabad: Matba' Anwar al-Hamd, 1325).

Ahmad al-'Ijli [182-261], Ta 'rikh al-thiqat, ed. 'Abd al-Muti ' Qal'aji (Beirut, 1984). al-'Uqayli [d. 322], Kitab al-du'afa ' al-kabir, ed. 'Abd al-Mu'ti Amin Qal'aji, 4 vols. (Beirut, 1404).

Ibn Abi Hatim [240-327], al-Jarh wa al-ta'dil, 8 vols. (Hyderabad, 1941-1953) without introduction; (Beirut, n.d.).

Ibn Hibban al-Busti [270-354], Ma'rifat al-majruhin wa al-du'afa ' min al-muhaddithin, ed. 'Aziz Baygh al-Naqshabandi al-Qadiri, 3 vols. (Hyderabad, 1390); (Aleppo, 1976).

Ibn Hibban al-Busti, Kitab al-thiqat, ed. M. 'Abd al-Ma'id Khan, 9 vols. (Hyderabad: Majlis Da 'irat al-Ma'arif al-'Uthmaniyah, 1393).

Ibn 'Adi [277-365], al-Kamil fi du'afa ' al-rijal, ed Suhayl Zakkar, 8 vols. (Beirut, 1988).

al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashras bi ma'rifat al-atraf, ed. 'Abd al-Samad Sharaf al-Din, 12 vols. (Bhiwandi: al-Dar al-Qayyimah, 1965-1981).

Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi [673-748], Mizan al-i'tidal fi naqd al-rijal (Lucknow, 1301); ( Cairo, 1325); (Hyderabad, 1329-1331); ed. 'Ali Muhammad al-Bajawi, 3 vols. (Cairo, 1963).

Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi, al-Kashif fi ma'rifat man la-hu riwayah fi al-kutub al-sittah, 3 vols., ed. 'Izzat 'Ali 'Id 'Atiyyah and Musa Muhammad 'Ali al=Mawshi (Cairo, 1972).

Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi, al-Mughni fi al-du'afa ' (Beirut, n.d.).

Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi, al-Mu'in fi tabaqat al-muhaddithin (Beirut, n.d.).

Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Tahdhib al-tahdhib (Hyderabad, 1325/1968).

Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Lisan al-mizan, 6 vols. (Hyderabad, 1329-1331); 6 vols. (Beirut, 1407/1988).

Shi'ah
Abu 'Amr Muhammad al-Kishshi [dc400], Ma 'rifat al-naqilin 'an al-a 'immat al-sadiqin, ed. al-Said Ahmad al-Husaini [ikhtiyar al-rijal ](Karbala), (Teheran, n.d.).

Ahmad al-Najashi [372-450], Kitab al-rijal, ed. Jalal al-Din al-Ghirawi (Markaz Nashr Kitab, 196-).

Muhammad al-Tusi [385-458], Rijal al-Tusi, ed. Muhammad Sadiq 'Ali Bahr al-'Ulum (Najaf, 1381/1961).

Ibn Shahr Ashub [d588], Mu'alim al-'ulama '.

Muhammad Baqir Musawi Chaharsuqi al-Khwansari [1811-1895], Rawdat al-jannat fi ahwal al-'ulama ' wa al-sadat, ed. Asad Allah Isma'iliyan, 8 vols. (Qum, 1391/ 1979?).

Khawarij
Ahmad al-Darjini [fl. 616], Tabaqat al-masha'ikh bi al-maghrib, 2 vols. (Algiers, n.d.).

Mu'tazilah
Ahmad b. Yahya ' b. al-Murtada, Kitab tabaqat al-mu'tazilah, ed. S. Diwald-Wilder (Wiesbaden, 1961).

fuqaha ' and huffaz
Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi [393-476], Tabaqat al-fuqaha' (Baghdad, 1356/1935); ed. Ihsan 'Abbas (Beirut, 1970).

Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi [673-748], Tadhkirat al-huffaz, 4 vols. (Hyderabad, 1914); (Hyderabad, 1968).

'Umar b. 'Ali al-Ja'di, Tabaqat fuqaha ' al-Yaman, ed. Fu 'ad Sayyid (Cairo, 1957).

qudat
Ibn Tulun, Qudat Dimashq, ed. Salah al-Din al-Munajjid (Damascus, 1956).

Shafi'iyah
Taj al-Din al-Subki [727-771-], Tabaqat al-Shafi'iyah al-kubra, 10 vols., ed. 'Abd al-Fattah Muhammad al-Hilw and Mahmud Muhammad al-Tinahi (1964-1076).

Jamal al-Din al-Asnawi, Tabaqat al-Shafi'iyah, ed. 'Abdallah al-Juburi, 2 vols. (Baghdad, 1390-1391).

Ahnaf
Ibn Abi al-Wafa ' [696-775], al-Jawahir al-mudiyah, 2 vols. (Hyderabad, 1914); 3- vols., ed. 'Abd al-Fattah Muhammad al-Hilw (1978).

al-Qasim b. Qutlubugha, Taj al-tarajim, ed. Gustav Flugel, Die Krone der Leben-scheschriebungen enthaltend die Classen der Hanefiten von Zeid-ad-din Qasim Ibn Qutlubugha, in Abhandlungen fur die Kunde des Morgenlandes 2.3 (Leipzig, 1862); ed. Qasim Muhammad al-Rajab (Baghdad, 1962).

Maliki
al-Qadi al-'Iyad, Tartib al-madarik li ma'arifat a'lam madhhab Malik, ed. Muhammad al-Tabakhi and others (Rabat: Wizarat al-Awqaf, 1983).

Hanabilah
Ibn Abi Ya'la [451-526], Tabaqat al-hanabilah, ed. M. Hamid al-Fiqi (Cairo, 1952).

Ibn Rajab [763-795], Dhail tabaqat al-hanabilah, ed. H. Laoust and S. Dahan, 2 vols. (Damascus, 1951).

al-amsar
Ibn 'Asakir [d571], Ta 'rikh madinat Dimashq (Damascus: Majma' al-Lughat al-'Arabiyah, 1954-).
Muhammad b. 'Abdallah al-Azraqi, Akhbar Makkah, 2 vols (Mecca, 1352-1357).

al-Khatib al-Baghdadi [d463], Ta 'rikh Baghdad, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Yahya al-Mu'allimi, 14 vols. (Hyderabad: Da 'irat al-Ma'arif al-'Uthmaniyah, 1959).

Abu Nu'aim [d430], Dhikr akhbar Isbahan, ed. 'Abd al-Wahab Khilji, 2 vols. (Delhi, 1405).

Abu al-'Arab, Tabaqat 'ulama ' Ifriqiya wa Tunis, ed. 'Ali al-Shabbi and Na'im Hasan al-Yafi (Tunis, 1968).

Ibn al-'Adim, Zubdat al-halab min ta 'rikh Halab, ed. Sami al-Dahhan (Damascus: Institut Francais de Damas, 1951).

Ibn Taghribirdi, al-Nujum al-zahirah fi muluk Misr wa al-Qahirah (Cairo, 1929-1972).

al-Fasi, Shifa ' al-gharam bi akhbar al-balad al-haram, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1956).

Ahmad b. 'Abd al-Hamid al-'Abbasi, 'Umdat al-akhbar fi madinat al-mukhtar, ed. Muhammad al-Tayyib al-Ansari and As'ad Tarabzuni (n.p.).

Ibn Shabbah, Ta 'rikh al-Madinah al-munawwarah, ed. Fahim Muhammad Shaltut (Mecca, 1399).

Ibn Sa 'id, Kitab al-mughrib fi hula al-maghrib (n.p.)

Hamzah b. Yusuf al-Sahmi [d427], Ta 'rikh Jurjan, ed. 'Abd al-Rahman Yahya al-Yamani (Hyderabad: Da 'irat al-Ma'arif al-'Uthmaniyan, 1967).

Ahmad b. 'Abdallah Razi al-San'ani, Ta 'rikh madinat San'a ', ed. Husayn 'Abdallah al-'Umari and 'Abd al-Jabbar Zakkar (San'a ', 1974).

al-Bahshal, Ta 'rikh Wasit, ed. Kurkis 'Awwad (Baghdad, 1967).

Ibn al-Khatib, al-Ihtah fi akhbar Gharnatah, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1319).

Yazid b. M. al-Azdi, Ta 'rikh Mawsil, ed. A. Habibah (Cairo, 1967).

hukama '
Ibn Abi 'Usaybi'ah, 'Uyun al-anba ' fi tabaqat al-atibba ', ed. August Muller, 2 vols in 1. (reprint, Farnborough: Gregg International, 1972).

Jamal al-Din Ibn al-Qifti, Ta 'rikh al-hukama ', ed. Julius Lippert, 1903 (reprint, Baghdad: Maktabat al-Muthanna, 1967).

Ahmad 'Isa, Mu'ajam al-atibba ' (Cairo, 1942).

nisbah
Hisham b. M. al-Kalbi, Jamharat al-nasab, ed. W. Caskel, Gamharat al-Nasab: Das genealogische Werk des Hisham b. M. al-Kalbi (Leiden, 1966).

Ibn Makula, al-Ikmal fi raf' al-irtiyab 'an al-ma 'talif wa al-mukhtalif min al-asma ' wa al-kuna wa al-ansab, 6 vols., ed. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Yahya ' al-Mu'allimi al-Yamani (Hyderabad, 1962-).

'Abd al-Karim b. Muhammad al-Sam'ani, al-Ansab, 6 vols. (Hyderabad: Dar 'irat al-Ma'arif, 1962).

Ibn al-Athir, Lubab fi tadhdi al-ansab (Cairo: Maktabat al-Qudsi, 1357).

Ibn Hazm, Jamharat ansab al-'arab, ed. 'Abd al-Salam Harun (Cairo, 1382).

Ibn Qudamah, al-Istibsar fi nasab al-sahabah min al-ansar, ed. 'Ali Nuwayhid (Beirut, 1392).

al-Qalqashandi, Nihayat al- 'arab fi ma'rifat ansab al-'Arab, ed. Ibrahim al-Ibyari (Cairo, 1959).

TARIKH
al-Tabari, Ta 'rikh al-rusul wa al-muluk, 5 vols. (Cairo, n.d.).

Ibn al-Jawzi, Muntazam fi ta 'rikh al-muluk wa al-umam, 6 vols. (Hyderabad: Da 'irat al-Ma'arif, 1360).

Hamzah al-Isfahani, Muluk al-ard. Abu Hilal al-'Askari, Kitab al-awa 'il, 2 vols., ed. Muhammad al-Sayyid al-Wakil (Medina, 1966; ed. Muhammad al-Misri and Walid Qassab, Damascus, 1975).

Ibn Kathir [701-774], al-Bidayah wa al-nihayah fi al-ta 'rikh (Cairo, 1358).

Ibn al-Athir, Kamil fi al-ta 'rikh (Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-'Arabi, 1386).

Ahmad b. Jabir al-Baladhuri, Kitab futuh al-buldan, 2 vols. (Beirut, n.d.)

al-Ya'qubi, Ta 'rikh al-Ya'qubi, 2 vols. (Beirut, 1960).

SURAT AL-ARD
'Ali b. Abi Bakr al-Harawi, al-Isharat ila ma'rifat al-ziyarat (Damascus, 1953).

al-Qazwini, 'Aja 'ib al-makhluqat wa athar al-bilad, ed. F. Wustenfeld (Gottingen, 1848).

Yaqut, Mu'jam al-buldan, ed. Wustenfeld, 6 vols. (Leipzig, 1866-1873).

al-Maqdisi, Ahsan al-taqasim fi ma'rifat al-aqalim, ed. M.J. de Goeje (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1906).

rihlah wa ziyarah
Ibn Battutah, Rihlah (Beirut, n.d.).

LUGHAH
al-Suyuti, Iqtirah fi 'ilm usul al-nahw, ed. A.M. Qasim (Cairo, 1976).

al-Suyuti, al-Muzhir fi 'ulum lughah wa anwa'iha, ed. al-Mawla Bijawi Ibrahim, 2 vols. (Cairo, n.d.).

qawamis
Ibn Manzur, Lisan al-'arab, 15 vols. (Beirut: Dar Sadir, 1375).

al-Firuzabadi, al-Qamus al-muhit, 3d ed., 4 vols., (Cairo, 1935).

Subhi Salih, 'Ulum al-hadith wa mustalahu-hu (Damascus, 1959).

al-Qazwini, Huliyat al-fuqaha ', ed. 'Abdallah b. 'Abd al-Muhsin al-Turki (Beirut, 1403).

al-Qazwini, Mu'ajam maqayis al-lughah, ed. '  Abd al-Salam Muhammad Harun, 6 vols. (Cairo, 1389-1392).

Tahanawi, Kashashaf istilahat al-funun, 2 vols. (Calcutta, 1862).

 

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