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Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership
Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership




  • Jeffery Dixon and Meredith Sarkees, A Guide to Intra-state Wars: An Examination of Civil, Regional, and Intercommunal Wars, 1816-2014 (2015)
  • Jack A. Goldstone, Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction (2014)
  • David Armitage, Civil Wars: A History of Ideas (2017)
  • Serif A. Mardin, “Ideology and Religion in the Turkish Revolution,” International Journal of Middle East Studies (1971)
  • Mohammad Sadiq, “The Turkish Revolution and the Abolition of the Caliphate,” International Studies (1991)
  • Banu Turnaoğlu, The Formation of Turkish Republicanism (2017), ch. 8 on “The War of Independence (1919-1922)”
  • James DeFronzo, Revolutions and Revolutionary Movements (2014), ch. 3 on “Revolution in China”
  • Eric Selbin, “What Was Revolutionary about the Iranian Revolution?: The Power of Possibility,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2009)
  • James Buchan, “The Iranian Revolution of 1979,” Asian Affairs (2013)
  • Stathis Kalyvas, The Logic of Violence in Civil Wars (2006)


  • Selections from Gregory Reichberg, et al., The Ethics of War: Classic and Contemporary Reading (2006), John of Salisbury (chapter 10), Aquinas (pp. 183-186, 193-198), Althusius (pp. 382-384), Grotius (pp. 398-499), and Vattel (pp. 516-517).
  • Francisco Suarez, Defense of the Catholic and Apostolic Faith against the Errors of Anglicanism (1613), book 6 on “The Oath of Fidelity”
  • Christian Wolff, The Law of Nations According to the Scientific Method (1749), paras. 1011-1012
  • John Locke, Two Treatises on Government (1689)
  • Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars (1977), chs. 1-2, 6
  • Christine Korsgaard: “Taking the Law Into Our Own Hands: Kant on the Right to Revolution,” from The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology (2008)
  • Valerie Morkevicius, “Why We Need a Just Rebellion Theory,” Ethics and International Affairs (2014)
  • Jonathan Parry, “Civil War and Revolution,” in Seth Lazar and Helen Frowe, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War (2015)
  • Matthew N. Smith, “Rethinking Sovereignty, Rethinking Revolution,” Philosophy & Public Affairs (2008)
  • Jonathan Parry, “Legitimate Authority and the Ethics of War: A Map of the Terrain,” Ethics and International Affairs (2017)
  • Pal Wrange, “Does Who Matter? Legal Authority and the Use of Military Violence,” Ethics and International Affairs (2017)
  • Christopher Finlay, “The Perspective of the Rebel: A Gap in the Global Normative Architecture,” Ethics and International Affairs (2017)
  • _______, Terrorism and the Right to Resist: A Theory of Just Revolutionary War (2015)
  • Nigel Biggar, “Christian Just War Reasoning and Two Cases of Rebellion: Ireland 1916–1921 and Syria 2011–Present,” Ethics and International Affairs (2014)
  • Deane-Peter Baker, “Rebellion and African Ethics,” Journal of Military Ethics (2017)
  • Michael Gross, The Ethics of Insurgency: A Critical Guide to Just Guerrilla Warfare (2015), chs. 1-3, 11


  • Allan Buchanan, Secession: The Morality Of Political Divorce From Fort Sumter To Lithuania And Quebec (1991)
  • Stephen Macedo and Allen Buchanan, Secession and Self-determination (2003)
  • Allen Buchanan, “Theories of Secession,” Philosophy and Public Affairs (1997)
  • Alan Patten, “Democratic Secession from a Multinational State,” Ethics (2012)
  • Christopher Wellman, “A Defense of Secession and Political Self-Determination,” Philosophy & Public Affairs (1995)
  • Christopher Wellman, A Theory of Secession: The Case for Political Self-Determination (2005)
  • Margaret Moore, ed., National Self-Determination and Secession (1998)


  • J.S. Mill, “A Few Words on Non-Intervention” (1859)
  • Ned Dobos, Insurgency and Intervention: Two Faces of Sovereignty (2012)
  • Allen Buchanan, “Self-Determination, Revolution and Intervention,” Ethics (2016)
  • Allen Buchanan, “The Ethics of Revolution and Its Implications for the Ethics of Intervention,” Philosophy and Public Affairs (2013)
  • Allen Buchanan, “The Internal Legitimacy of Humanitarian Intervention,” The Journal of Political Philosophy (1999)
  • Fernando Tesón, “Eight Principles for Humanitarian Intervention,” Journal of Military Ethics (2006)
  • James Pattison, “Whose Responsibility to Protect? The Duties of Humanitarian Intervention,” Journal of Military Ethics (2008)
  • James Pattison, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene? (2012)
  • Andrew Altman and Christopher Wellman, “From Humanitarian Intervention to Assassination: Human Rights and Political Violence,” Ethics (2008)


  • Joseph Carens, “The Case for Open Borders,” The Review of Politics (1987)
  • _______, The Ethics of Immigration (2013)
  • Christopher Wellman, “Immigration and Freedom of Association,” Ethics (2008)
  • Christopher Wellman and Phillip Heath, Debating the Ethics of Immigration: Is There a Right to Exclude? (2011)
  • Kieran Oberman, “Immigration, Global Poverty and the Right to Stay,” Political Studies (2011)
  • David Lefkowitz, “Autonomy, residence, and return,” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (2014)
  • Sune Laegaard, “Territorial Rights, Political Association and Immigration, Journal of Moral Philosophy (2013)
  • David Miller, Strangers in Our Midst: The Political Philosophy of Immigration (2016)
  • Moria Paz, “The Law of Walls,” The European Journal of International Law (2012)
  • Chandran Kukathas, “Are Refugees Special,” in Sarah Fine and Lea Ypi, eds., Migration in Political Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership (2016)
  • David Owen, “In Loco Civitatis: On the Normative Basis of the Institution of Refugeehood and Responsibilities to Refugees,” in Sarah Fine and Lea Ypi, eds., Migration in Political Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership (2016)


  • Samuel Finer, The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics (1962)
  • Edward Luttwak, Coup D’état – A Practical Handbook (1968)
  • Naunihal Singh, Seizing Power: The Strategic Logic of Military Coups (2014)
  • Ozan O. Varol, “The Democratic Coup d’Etat,” Harvard International Law Journal (2012)
  • _______, The Democratic Coup d’État (2017)
  • Joshua Keating, “Can a Coup Ever Be Democratic?”, Foreign Affairs (2013)
  • George Derpanopoulos et. al., “Are coups good for democracy?”, Research & Politics (2016)
  • Oisín Tansey, “The Limits of the ‘Democratic Coup’ Thesis: International Politics and Post-Coup Authoritarianism,” Journal of Global Security Studies (2016)

Nonviolent Resistance

  • Gandhi, Mahatma, Non-Violence in Peace and War (1972)
  • Henry David Thoreau: “Civil Disobedience”
  • Martin Luther King: “Letter from the Birmingham County Jail”
  • Jonathan Schell, The Unconquerable Word: Power, Nonviolence, and the Will of the People (2004)
  • Nicholas Parkin, “Non-violent Resistance and Last Resort,” Journal of Military Ethics (2016)
  • Maria J. Stephan and Erica Chenoweth, “Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict” International Security (2008)
  • Maria J. Stephan and Erica Chenoweth, Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict (2012)

Transitional Justice

  • Daniel Philpott, “Religion, Reconciliation, and Transitional Justice: The State of the Field,” SSRC Working Papers (2007)
  • Dan Philpott, Just and Unjust Peace: An Ethic of Political Reconciliation
  • Lucy Allais, “Restorative Justice, Retributive Justice, and the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission,” Philosophy & Public Affairs (2011)
  • Christopher Kutz, “Justice in Reparations: The Cost of Memory and the Value of Talk,” Philosophy & Public Affairs (2004)
  • Catherine Lu, “Reconciliation and Reparations,” in Seth Lazar and Helen Frowe, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of War (2015)
  • Bert Ingelaere, “The Gacaca courts in Rwanda,” in Luc Huyse and Mark Salter, eds., Traditional Justice and Reconciliation after Violent Conflict Learning from African Experiences (2008)
  • Adam Isacson, “Rescuing Colombia’s Post-Conflict Transitional Justice System,” Washington Office on Latin America Commentary, 29 November 2017
  • Jon Elster, Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective (2004)