572C Holloway Road
U. S. Naval Academy
Annapolis, MD 21402
+(1) 410-293-6567 (voice)
Office: Chauvenet 216
2014-present: Associate Professor, Oceanography Department, U. S. Naval Academy (USA)
2015-2016: Fulbright Scholar, Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (MEXICO)
2009-2014: Assistant Professor, Oceanography Department, U. S. Naval Academy (USA)
2007-2008: Post-doctoral research associate, Department of Geophysics, University of Chile (CHILE)
2006-2007: Visiting Lecturer, Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change, University of Graz (AUSTRIA)
2005-2006: Fulbright Fellow, Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (BARBADOS)
2001-2007: Graduate assistant, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (USA)
2007: Ph. D., meteorology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
2004: M.S., meteorology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
2001: B. S. summa cum laude, Business Administration, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
• Led over 1000 middle- and high-school students in multidisciplinary learning module ("Weathering the Wind") to teach about the hazards posed by strong winds.
• Also trained undergraduate students and faculty colleagues to deliver the Weathering the Wind learning module.
• Traveled to over 15 schools across the U.S. (Michigan, Iowa, South Dakota, Oklahoma) to lead students and teachers in hands-on, interactive learning activities about a range of STEM topics.
• Discuss important high-impact weather events (winter storms, floods, hurricanes, convective storms) with midshipmen student forecasters, colleagues, and USNA leadership.
• Lead midshipmen forecast groups to create and deliver timely short-term weather forecasts.
U. S. Naval Academy, Oceanography Department
SO244: Basic Atmospheric Processes
SO254: Introduction to Meteorology
SO335: Quantitative Methods for Meteorology and Oceanography
SO414: Oceanic and Atmospheric Processes
SO441: Synoptic Meteorology
SO442: Tropical Meteorology
SO513: Honors Oceanic and Atmospheric Processes
SO470C: Meteorology Capstone
Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, UNAM
CCA UNAM: Meteorología Sinóptica
University of Graz, Department of Geophysics
Severe and Unusual Weather and Climate Extremes
University of Oklahoma, School of Meteorology
Severe and Unusual Weather
Introduction to Meteorology
Papers in Refereed Journals *Student co-author
43. Perdigón-Morales, J., R. Romero, P. Ordoñéz, B. Barrett, R. Nieto, and L. Gimeno, 2019: Influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on moisture transport to the Midsummer Drought region in Mexico. Atmospheric Research, in review.
42. Farfán, L. M., B. S. Barrett, D. A. Alfaro, G. B. Raga, and J. J. Delgado, 2019: Structure and Motion of a Long-Lived Mesoscale Convective System over the Gulf of California Entrance: 23-24 July 2014. Monthly Weather Review, in review.
41. Peart, S., S. Crawford, and B. S. Barrett, 2019: What do migration and meteorology have to do with Latin American studies? Bridges across disciplines at the United States Naval Academy. Middle Atlantic Review of Latin American Studies, 3, 1-14, https://doi.org/10.23870/marlas.219.
40. Peart, S., B. S. Barrett, and S. Crawford, 2019: A multi-disciplinary perspective on migration: connecting Spanish language education, migration history, and climate shock events. The Latin Americanist, in review.
39. Barrett, B. S., C. R. Densmore*, E. R. Sanabia, and P. Ray, 2019: MJO propagation through the Maritime Continent. Climate Dynamics, in review.
38. Barrett, B. S., G. B. Raga, A. Retama, and C. Leonard*, 2019: An analysis of the physical mechanisms responsible for the extreme surface ozone event of March 2016 in Mexico City. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029918/.
37. Barrett, B. S., 2019: Connections between the MJO and surface temperatures in winter 2018 over eastern North America. Atmospheric Science Letters, 20, e869, https://doi.org/10.1002/asl.869.
36. Densmore, C. R.*, E. R. Sanabia, and B. S. Barrett, 2019: QBO influence on MJO amplitude over the Maritime Continent: Physical mechanisms and seasonality. Monthly Weather Review, 147, 389-406, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-18-0158.1.
35. Perdigón-Morales, J.*, R. Romero-Centeno, B. S. Barrett, and P. Ordóñez Pérez, 2019: Intraseasonal variability of summer precipitation in Mexico: MJO influence on the bimodal rainfall pattern. Journal of Climate, 32, 2313-2327, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0425.1.
34. Tan, H.*, P. Ray, B. S. Barrett, M. Tewari, and M. W. Moncrieff, 2018: Role of topography on the MJO in the Maritime Continent: a numerical case study. Climate Dynamics, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4275-3.
33. Henderson, G. H., B. S. Barrett, A. Lois*, and H. Elsaawy*, 2018: Time-lagged response of the Antarctic atmosphere to tropical MJO convection. Monthly Weather Review, 146, 1219-1231, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-17-0224.1.
32. Perdigón-Morales, J.*, R. Romero-Centeno, P. Ordóñez Pérez, and B. S. Barrett, 2018: The midsummer drought in Mexico: perspectives on duration and intensity from the CHIRPS precipitation database. International Journal of Climatology, 38, 2174-2186, https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5322.
31. Barrett, B. S., A. R. Davies, and J. I. Rose*, 2017: Wind-driven response of the upper ocean along the U.S. west coast to tropical MJO convection. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 122, 8196-8207, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013086.
30. Barrett, B. S., and S. Hameed, 2017: Seasonal variability in precipitation in central and southern Chile: modulation by the South Pacific High. Journal of Climate, 30, 55-69, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0019.1.
29. Doyle, J. D., J. Moskaitis, J. Feldmeier, R. Ferek, M. Beaubien, M. Bell, D. Cecil, R. Creasey, P. Duran, R. Elsberry, W. Komaromi, J. Molinari, D. Ryglicki, D. Stern, C. Velden, X. Wang, T. Allen, B. S. Barrett, P. Black, J. Dunion, K. Emanuel, P. Harr, L. Harrison, E. Hendricks, D. Herndon, W. Jeffries, S. Majumdar, J. Moore, Z. Pu, R. Rogers, E. Sanabia, G. Tripoli, and D.-L. Zhang, 2017: A view of tropical cyclones from above: the Tropical Cyclone Intensity (TCI) experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98, 2113-2134, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0055.1.
28. Marin, J. C., and B. S. Barrett, 2017: Seasonal and intraseasonal variability of precipitable water vapor in the Chajnantor plateau, Chile. International Journal of Climatology, 37, 958-971, https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5049.
27. Barrett, B. S., L. M. Farfán, G. B. Raga, and D. H. Hernández*, 2017: The unusual early morning tornado in Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila, Mexico of 25 May 2015. Monthly Weather Review, 145, 2049-2069, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-16-0252.1.
26. Henderson, G. R., B. S. Barrett, and K. L. South*, 2017: Eurasian October snow water equivalent: using self-organizing maps to characterize variability and identify relationships to the MJO. International Journal of Climatology, 37, 596-606, https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.4725.
25. Barrett, B. S., and G. B. Raga, 2016: Variability of winter and summer surface ozone in Mexico City on the intraseasonal time scale. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, 15359-15370, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2016-551.
24. Barrett, B. S., D. Campos, J. Vicencio, and R. Rondanelli, 2016: Extreme temperature and precipitation events in March 2015 in central and northern Chile. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 121, 4563-4580, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD024835.
23. Barrett, B. S., E. Sanabia, S. Reynolds*, J. Stapleton*, and A. Borrego*, 2016: Evolution of the upper-tropospheric outflow in Hurricanes Iselle and Julio (2014) in the Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM) analyses and in satellite and dropsonde observations. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 121, 13273-13286, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025656.
22. Barrett, B. S., G. R. Henderson, and J. S. Werling*, 2015: The influence of MJO on the intraseasonal variability of Northern Hemisphere spring snow depth. Journal of Climate, 28, 7250-7262, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0092.1.
21. Sanabia, E. R., B. S. Barrett, N. P. Celone*, and Z. D. Cornelius*, 2015: Satellite and aircraft observations of the eyewall replacement cycle of Typhoon Sinlaku (2008). Monthly Weather Review, 143, 3406-3420, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-15-0066.1.
20. LaFleur, D. M.*, B. S. Barrett, and G. R. Henderson, 2015: Some climatological aspects of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). Journal of Climate, 28, 6039-6053.
19. Barrett, B. S., and B. N. Henley*, 2015: Intraseasonal variability of hail in the contiguous United States: relationship to the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 1086-1103, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00744.1.
18. Henderson, G. R., B. S. Barrett, and D. M. LaFleur*, 2014: Arctic sea ice and the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). Climate Dynamics, 43, 2185-2196, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-2043-y.
17. Sanabia, E. R., B. S. Barrett, and C. M. Fine*, 2014: Relationships between tropical cyclone intensity and eyewall structure as determined by radial profiles of inner-core infrared brightness temperature. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 4581-4599, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00336.1.
16. Barrett, B. S., W. A. Swick, and D. E. Smith, Jr., 2014: Assessing an undergraduate oceanography curriculum. Oceanography, 27, 12-16, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2014.99.
15. Peart, S., and B. S. Barrett, 2014: Impacts of gender on Spanish language reading in the foreign language classroom. Diálogo de la Lengua, 5, 13-30.
14. Barrett, B. S., A. L. Moran, and J. E. Woods, 2014: Meteorology meets engineering: an interdisciplinary module for middle- and early secondary-school students. International Journal of STEM Education, 1(6), https://doi.org/10.1186/2196-7822-1-6.
13. Barrett, B. S., and V. Gensini, 2013: Modulation of daily U.S. April-May tornado frequency by the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 2790-2795, https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50522.
12. Barrett, B. S., and M. I. Esquivel, 2013: Variability of precipitation and temperature in Guanajuato, Mexico. Atmósfera, 26, 521-536, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0187-6236(13)71093-2.
11. Sanabia, E. R., B. S. Barrett, P. G. Black, S. Chen, and J. A. Cummings, 2013: Real-time upper-ocean temperature observations from aircraft during operational hurricane reconnaissance missions: AXBT Demonstration Project year one results. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 1404-1422, https://doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-12-00107.1.
10. Ragsdale, K. M.*, B. S. Barrett, and A. P. Testino*, 2013: Variability of particulate matter (PM10) in Santiago, Chile by phase of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). Atmospheric Environment, 81, 304-310, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.09.011.
9. Barrett, B. S., S. J. Fitzmaurice*, and S. R. Pritchard*, 2012: Intraseasonal variability of surface ozone in Santiago, Chile: modulation by phase of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO). Atmospheric Environment, 55, 55-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.04.040.
8. Barrett, B. S., and J. E. Woods, 2012: Using the amazing atmosphere to foster student learning and interest in meteorology. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 315-323, 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00020.1.
7. Barrett, B. S., J. F. Carrasco, and A. P. Testino*, 2012: Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) modulation of atmospheric circulation and Chilean winter precipitation. Journal of Climate, 25, 1678-1688, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00216.1.
6. Barrett, B. S., D. B. Krieger*, and C. P. Barlow*, 2011: Multi-day circulation and precipitation climatology during winter rain events of differing intensities in central Chile. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12, 1071-1085, https://doi.org/10.1175/2011JHM1377.1.
5. Godfrey, C. M., B. S. Barrett, and E. S. Godfrey, 2011: Severe Weather Field Experience:
undergraduate field course on career enhancement and severe
convective storms. Journal of Geoscience Education, 59, 111-118, https://doi.org/10.5408/1.3604823.
2010 and earlier
4. Barrett, B. S., R. Garreaud, and M. Falvey, 2009: Effect of the Andes cordillera on precipitation from a midlatitude cold front. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 3092-3109, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009MWR2881.1.
3. Barrett, B. S., and L. M. Leslie, 2009: Links between tropical cyclone activity and Madden-Julian Oscillation phase in the North Atlantic and Northeast Pacific basins. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 727-744, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2602.1.
2. Wyant, M. C., Wood, R., Bretherton, C. S., Mechoso, C. R., Bacmeister, J., Balmaseda, M. A., Barrett, B., Codron, F., Earnshaw, P., Fast, J., Hannay, C., Kaiser, J. W., Kitagawa, H., Klein, S. A., Kvhler, M., Manganello, J., Pan, H.-L., Sun, F., Wang, S., and Wang, Y., 2009: The PreVOCA experiment: modeling the lower troposphere in the Southeast Pacific. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 4757-4774, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-4757-2010.
1. Barrett, B. S., L. M. Leslie, and B. Fiedler, 2006: An example of the value of strong climatological signals in tropical cyclone track forecasting: Hurricane Ivan (2004). Monthly Weather Review, 134, 1568-1577, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR3135.1.
Papers Presented at Scientific Meetings (only 1st-author papers listed)
Barrett, B. S., and S. Peart, 2019: Examining the multi-disciplinary interactions between migration, foreign language education, and climate shock events in Mexico. Southeastern Council of Latin American Studies (SECOLAS) meeting, P45.
Barrett, B. S, S. Peart, and S. Crawford, 2019: Climate shocks and migration: views from central Mexico. NC Conference on Latin American Studies, Chapel Hill, NC, Panel 14.
Barrett, B. S., A. R. Davies, and K. Martin, 2019: Intraseasonal variability of the Gulf Stream current: physical mechanisms and connections to atmospheric forcing. 99th AMS Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, J5.5AA.
Barrett, B. S., G. R. Henderson, M. Henry, and E. McDonnell, 2018: Impacts on high-latitude DoD infrastructure and operations from melt events driven by large-scale low-frequency atmospheric circulations. SERDP Symposium, Washington, D.C.
Barrett, B. S., C. R. Densmore, P. Ray, and E. R. Sanabia, 2018: Physical mechanisms associated with propagation of the MJO and the BSISO. 33rd Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Met., Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, 12A.2.
Barrett, B. S., 2018: Atmospheric teleconnections: linking the tropics with the Southern Hemisphere extratropics. 42nd SIAM Southeastern Atlantic Sectional Conference, Chapel Hill, NC, MS-6.
Barrett, B. S., S. Peart, and S. Crawford, 2018: Climate and migration: fostering research with undergraduate students. 38th MACLAS Annual Conference, Muhlenberg College, PA, Panel 3.
Barrett, B. S., 2018: Exploring the tropical drivers of the Antarctic atmosphere. AMOS-ICSHMO 2018, Sydney, AUS, Session 2.5.
Barrett, B. S., C. R. Densmore, P. Ray, and E. R. Sanabia, 2018: Physical mechanisms associated with the propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and the Boreal Summer Intraseasonal Oscillation (BSISO). 98th AMS Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, 1.3.
Barrett, B. S., A. R. Davies, and C. N. Steppe, 2017: Intraseasonal variability of upper-ocean currents and photosynthetic primary production along the U.S. west coast associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation. AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, A41B-2263.
Barrett, B. S., and G. R. Henderson, 2017: Tropical drivers of the Antarctic atmosphere. 12th Workshop on Antarctic Meteorology and Climate, Boulder, CO, Session 2.
Barrett, B. S., and G. R. Henderson, 2017: Variabilidad intraestacional de la atmósfera de las latitudes medias-altas y su relación a la oscilación de Madden-Julian (in Spanish), V Congreso de Oceanografia Fisica, Meteorologia y Clima, Concepcion, Chile, Session 3.
Barrett, B. S., A. R. Davies, J. I. Rose, and E. R. Sanabia, 2017: Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) modulation of surface ocean currents off the U.S. west coast. 29th Conference on Climate Variability and Change, Seattle, WA, 1145.
Barrett, B. S., C. R. Densmore, and P. Ray, 2016: More on the propagation of the MJO across the Maritime Continent. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, OS21B-1966.
Barrett, B. S., and C. R. Densmore, 2016: Propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation through the Maritime Continent and MJO relationship to U.S. severe weather activity. Subseasonal-to-seasonal meeting, Palisades, NY, 21.
Barrett, B. S., 2016: More on the subseasonal variability of U.S. severe weather activity. 28th Conference on Severe Local Storms, Portland, OR, 2.6.
Barrett, B. S., and G. B. Raga, 2016: Subseasonal variability of surface ozone in the Mexico City. International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Science Conference, Breckenridge, CO, 6.214.
Barrett, B. S., and G. B. Raga, 2016: Pollution in the tropics: multi-scale variability in 30 years of ozone and carbon monoxide observations across Mexico City. 32nd Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Juan, PR, 18B.1.
Barrett, B. S., and V. Gensini, 2016: Subseasonal variability of U.S. severe weather: what we know and what we don't. 2016 Severe Convection and Climate Workshop, Columbia University, New York, NY.
Barrett, B. S., 2015: Links Between the Madden-Julian Oscillation and Severe Convective Storms in the U.S. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA A41F-0127.
Barrett, B. S., and S. Hameed, 2015: Interannual variations of Chilean precipitation and the South Pacific High. International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography (ICSHMO), Santiago, Chile, 58.
Barrett, B. S., 2015: Data assimilation challenges: predicting weather and cliamte on intraseasonal time scales. American Mathematical Society, Spring Sectional Meeting, Georgetown, D.C., 1107-86-60.
Barrett, B. S., and G. R. Henderson, 2015: Does Northern Hemisphere terrestrial snow cover vary intra-seasonally? 1st Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Science Conference, Helsinki, Finland, Univ. Helsinki.
Barrett, B. S., and G. R. Henderson, 2015: Variability of Northern Hemisphere terrestrial snow: Self-organizing maps and the Madden-Julian Oscillation. 3rd MJO Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, Amer. Meteor. Soc., J4.5.
Barrett, B. S., A. L. Moran, and J. E. Woods, 2014: Meteorology meets engineering: an interdisciplinary STEM module for middle- and secondary-school students. Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Amer. Geophys. Union, ED51B-3438.
Barrett, B. S., and V. A. Gensini, 2014: Efficiency of severe thunderstorm environments in the U.S. 27th Severe Local Storms Conference, Madison, WI, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 12B.1.
Barrett, B. S., 2014: The Madden-Julian Oscillation and severe convective storm hazards in the U.S. World Weather Open Science Conference 2014, Montreal, Can, SCI-POT1220.
Barrett, B. S., and B. Henley, 2014: Intraseasonal variability of severe hail and wind: connection to the Madden-Julian Oscillation. 2nd MJO Symposium, Atlanta, GA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., J5.2.
Barrett, B. S., 2013: Intraseasonal variability of large-scale meteorological patterns and connection to tornado activity. Analyses, Dynamics, and Modeling of Large Scale Meteorological Patterns Associated with Extreme Temperature and Precipitation Events, Berkeley, CA, U.S. CLIVAR Program, Session 2.
Barrett, B. S., G. Henderson, and M. LaFleur, 2013: Some aspects of the impact of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on the state of the Arctic. 25th Conference on Climate Variability and Change, Austin, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10B.1.
Barrett, B. S., 2012: Climatic controls on severe weather in the U.S.: Modulation by the Madden-Julian Oscillation. 26th Conference on Severe Local Storms, Nashville, TN, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 11A.3.
Barrett, B. S., 2012: Intraseasonal variability of surface ozone. 17th Conference on Air Pollution Meteorology, New Orleans, LA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 3.1.
Barrett, B. S., 2011: Projecting the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) modulation of atmospheric circulation onto Chilean winter precipitation. 14th Conference on Mesoscale Processes, Los Angeles, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.2.
Barrett, B. S., and S. J. Fitzmaurice, 2011: Explaining changes in ozone and pollutant concentrations in Santiago, Chile on the 30-60-day timescale using the Madden-Julian Oscillation. 2011 National Air Quality Conferences, San Diego, CA, P3.
Barrett, B. S., D. B. Krieger, and C. P. Barlow, 2010: Multi-day observational climatology for precipitation in central Chile. 14th Conference on Mountain Meteorology, Olympic Lake, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., P1.16.
Barrett, B. S., 2009: Impact of the Andes Cordillera on a mid-latitude cold front. 13th Conference on Mesoscale Processes, Salt Lake City, UT, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 11.5.
Barrett, B. S., and R. Garreaud, 2008: Effects of the central Andes Cordillera on precipitation in Chile and Argentina. 4th Alexander von Humboldt Conference - The Andes: Challenge for Geosciences. European Geophysical Union, Santiago, Chile, Nov 2008.
Barrett, B. S., and L. M. Leslie, 2008: Relationships between the Madden-Julian Oscillation and Atlantic-East Pacific tropical cyclone activity. Tropical Meteorology Special Symposium, New Orleans, LA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., JP3.10.
Barrett, B. S., 2006: Relationship between sea-surface temperature anomalies and precipitation across Turkey, 1st International Conference on Climate Change and the Middle East: Past, Present, and Future, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Barrett, B. S., L. M. Leslie, and B. H. Fiedler, 2006: Examples of the value of strong climatological signals in tropical cyclone track forecasting. Preprints, 22nd International Conference on Interactive Information Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, Atlanta, GA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 5.5.
Barrett, B. S., and L. M. Leslie, 2005: An examination of the quality of the Atlantic tropical cyclone database. Preprints, 16th Conference on Climate Variability and Change, San Diego, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 1.30.
Barrett, B. S., and L. M. Leslie, 2004: Tropical cyclone forecasting using climatology and NWP output. 26th Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami, FL, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 5C.3.
Barrett, B. S., L. M. Leslie, and C.-S. Liou, 2004: Relationship between climatology and model track, bearing, and speed errors. Preprints, 20th Conf. on Weather Analysis and Forecasting/Sixteenth Conf. on Numerical Weather Prediction, Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. 13.6.
Barrett, B. S., and L. M. Leslie, 2003: Improving landfall forecasts for tropical cyclones moving parallel to the coastline. 12th Conf. on Interactions of Sea and Atmosphere, Long Beach, CA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 8.2.
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