Text Box: INTRODUCTION
The goal of this semester’s work was to lay the groundwork needed to examine, using Geographical Information Systems, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive that brought to a close the Great War of 1914-1918.  This major offensive combined ground and air forces of the United States Army, French Army, and the British Royal Army as they pushed the German Army northeast across the Meuse River towards Luxembourg.  The Armistice was signed at 1100, Nov 11, 1918.
 
NOTE 1: When uploading the layers into Google Earth, they automatically assume their full opacity, which is unintentional.  The idea is to reduce individual images’ opacities in order to overlay them on top of each other to compare time histories and location changes.  You may have to tweak individual images’ opacities in order to obtain a better understanding of what I was trying to show. 
 
NOTE 2: All maps shown were taken from the USAIWWI CD, but they are replicated in the AABIE book (see references).  Therefore, the location in the book is annotated in the sources column.

Text Box: American Armies and Battlefields in Europe. Prepared by the American Battle Monuments Commission, Center of Military History, United States Army: Washington, D.C., 1995.

Text Box: The United States Army in WWI. The United States Army Center of Military History. CD. 1998.

Text Box: Personal correspondence with Col. Steven A. Ruffin, USAF (Ret.).  Managing Editor, “Over the Front” WWI aviation journal.

Text Box: United States Military Academy Website. http://www.dean.usma.edu/departments/history/web03/atlases/WorldWarOne/WWOneJPG/WWOne22.jpg. Accessed 07 DEC 2009.

Text Box: REFERENCES

Text Box: A GIS ANALYSIS OF THE MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE, SEP-NOV 1918
MIDN 1/C DANIEL I. RUFFIN

IMAGE OR LAYER

GOOGLE EARTH KML

COMMENTS

SOURCE(S)

Overall Situation Maps

Offensive Situation Map SEP-NOV 1918

 

1st Army Ground Covered SEP-NOV

Small-scale maps showing broad views of Meuse-Argonne Offensive from beginning to end

United States Military Academy History Department; AABIE (175, 182, 191)

Overall German Defensive Posture, Western Front, SEP 1918

German Lines throughout entire Western Front

Small-scale map showing German Western Front defensive posture at beginning of offensive 

AABIE (169)

German Defensive Posture in Meuse-Argonne Region, SEP 1918

German Lines in Meuse-Argonne Region

Large-scale map showing in more detail locations and identities of German units participating in offensive

AABIE(170, 176)

Detailed Maps of movement of individual American Divisions in the offensive

Detailed Maps of American Divisions participating in the offensive

Large-scale map showing advance of individual U. S. Army divisions during the offensive.  Noteworthy is that this map shows when and where divisions were relieved by fresh units.

AABIE[327 (foldout)]

1st Army in SEP/early OCT

1st Army 26 SEP-3 OCT

Shows specific activity of U. S. 1st Army during opening stages of campaign, 26 SEP-3 OCT, 1918

AABIE(172, 175)

1st Army in OCT

1st Army 4-31 OCT

Shows activity of U. S. 1st Army during most of OCT, 1918.

AABIE(182, 177)

1st Army in OCT (Detail)

1st Army 4-31 OCT in Detail

Large-scale maps show skirmishes of U. S. 1st Army, OCT, 1918.

AABIE(182, 226, 234, 237, 242, 249, 254, 264, )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Army in NOV

1st Army 1-11 NOV

Shows activity of U. S. 1st Army during conclusion of campaign, 1-11 NOV, 1918.

AABIE(191)

1st Army in NOV (Detail)

1st Army 1-11 NOV in Detail

Large-scale maps show skirmishes of U. S. 1st Army during end of offensive, 1-11 NOV, 1918.

AABIE(269, 270, 276, 296, 310)

Lost Battalion Maps

Detailed Situation and Topographic Map of the “Lost Battalion”

 

“Lost Battalion” movement and relief maps

Focus on “Lost Battalion” and shows exact position, surrounding topography, and how the surrounded units were relieved.

ABMC Collection and personal correspondence with Col. Steven A. Ruffin, USAF (Ret.)

AABIE(178)

Vauquois Trenches

Trenches outside of Vauquois

Shows location of trenches dug around Vauquois.  Possible archeological sites for future field work here.

AABIE(220)

Grandpre Aerial Photo

 

 

 

 

 

 

WWI Aerial Photo of Grandpre

Aerial photo taken of Grandpre during war; an example of the intelligence that reconnaissance aircraft gathered during the war.

Personal correspondence with Col. Steven A. Ruffin, USAF (Ret.)