SO286, Spring 2007

Quiz 1

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The three graphs above show the number of hours of daylight throughout the year at three locations on earth.

(4) Could one of the graphs be of Annapolis (N39°, W76.5°)?  If so, which graph, and why?  If not, which graph would be the closest to that for Annapolis , and why would you say that?

(4) For the two graphs most different from Annapolis , where on earth do you think the graphs represent, and why would you say this?

(2) What do physical geographers study?

(2) Why is the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum so important for remote sensing?  Why would  (or would not) this be a good part of the spectrum for a spy satellite trying to observe very small features?

(4) Why do the three maps above look so different?  What would we like to see a map projection do, and is that possible?  Is there a best map projection?

(4) Define two of the following three terms:

·        Conformal:

·        GIS:

·        SRTM:

SO286, Spring 2007

Quiz 2

(4)  What happens to temperature in the stratosphere?  Why does this happen, and why is it important?

Consider 60° S latitude.  All of the following questions refer to this latitude.  You can compare these conditions to those elsewhere, but insure that you clearly state what happens at this latitude and why this happens.

·        (2) Which is greater at the top of the atmosphere, the amount of solar energy going downward, or the amount of energy going back out to space?  Why is this?

·        (2) Over the course of the year, when will the amount of energy coming in be greatest?  When will it be the least?  Why?

·        (2) How is the incoming energy different than the outgoing energy, in addition to the relative amounts?

·        (2) What is the typical air pressure found here, and why is this the case?

·        (3) What kinds of surface winds are found there, and what causes the winds to blow this way?

All of the climographs above show stations with latitudes with the same absolute value (60°).  You should only consider temperature for this quiz.

(2)  Which of the climographs could be the station at 60° S latitude and why can you say this?

(2)  List two additional factors which account for differences in these climographs, and why the factors have the impact they do?

SO286, Spring 2007

Quiz 3

(4) The diagrams above show topographic profiles through 2 volcanoes taken from SRTM data.

• Why might the two volcanoes have different shapes?
• Identify the two types of volcano.
• In what kind of plate tectonic setting would the two kinds of volcano form?

(2) What forces lead to a normal fault, and in what plate setting are we most likely to see normal faults?

(2) What does it take to get an igneous rock, and in what plate setting are we most likely to see them?

(2) What are three characteristics of oceanic crust compared to continental crust?

(3) The three climographs above all share the first letter in the Koppen classification system.  What is that letter (or the name of the type of climate), and what kind of climates does it describe?  What is the difference between the climates of these three stations?

(3)  The three climographs above are all from about N37º in North America (a little to the south of Annapolis).  Where in the continent is each from, and how can you determine this?

(2) The two climographs above are for locations in the continental United States.  Where do you think they are from, and why?

(2) Could any of the climographs above depict a Mediterranean climate?  If so, which one, and why do you say this?