SO262, Physical Geography

Exam 1, Spring 2008

 

Definitions (1 sentence)

10@ 4 points each

40

 

Short answer (3-4 sentences)

3 @ 5 points

15

 

Longer answer (short paragraph equivalent)

3 @ 10 points

30

 

Longest answer (long paragraph equivalent)

1 @ 15 points

15

 

Total

 

100

 

 

 

Read the directions carefully.  You have a selection of questions for the definitions.

Quality of your answers is important.   For full credit you should use correct terminology, and show that you understand the concepts involved.

 

 


Definitions:  define 10 of the 12 terms with a concise sentence that clearly shows your understanding of the term, and why it is relevant in physical geography:  Each is worth 4 points.

 

1.      Artesian well

2.      Cumulonimbus clouds:

3.      Adiabatic process:

4.      Orographic precipitation:

5.      Ozone layer:

6.      Equinox:

7.      SRTM:

8.      Heat index:

9.      Coriolis deflection, southern hemisphere:

10.  mP Air mass:

11.  Ground water:

12.  Continentality:

Verify that only answered 10 of the 12 terms.  You will have to answer all the remaining questions.



 

(5 points)  What does it mean when we say a map is conformal?  Could both of the maps above be conformal?  Why or why not?

 

(5 points) Can you pick out the desert belts in satellite images of the world?  Defend you answer in terms of what you can or cannot see, and what causes this.

 

(5 points)  How can you relate the equator to vertical motion of air in the atmosphere, and surface winds? 

 


  

 

 

 

 Locations (in Africa), not given during exam.  All are on same meridian.

Lat:

25.714°

Long:

25.714°

Lat:

10.286°

Long:

25.714°

 

 

Lat:

-2.571°

Long:

25.714°

Lat:

-30.857°

Long:

25.714°

(10 points) The four graphs above show water budgets at four locations in the same continent.  Discuss:

 

 


 


 

(10 points) The graph above shows the duration of daylight at some location on earth.


 

(10 Points) If you were at the top of the atmosphere over the South Pole:

 

o       What wavelength(s) of energy would you see going downward toward the earth’s surface, and would these be coming into the atmosphere during the day or night (or both)?

 

o       What wavelength(s) would you see coming upward going back to space, and would these be going out during the day and night (or both)?

 

o       Averaged over the entire year, which would be larger, the incoming or outgoing energy?  Why would this be the case, and what processes allow this to happen?

 


 

Actual location of the station shown below; the climograph given in the exam omitted that information: 

 

 

 

 

 

(15 Points)  The climograph above shows the temperature and precipitation at a location over the course of a year.  The temperature line graph follows the scale on the right, and the precipitation bar graph the scale on the right.

 

(3) Which hemisphere is this, how could you tell, and what causes the differences between the hemispheres? 

 

(3) What kind of air masses dominate here in the winter?  Give a name and characteristics. 

 

(3) What kind of air masses dominate in the summer?  Give a name and characteristics. 

 

(3)  What do you think causes this seasonal change? 

 

(3) What latitude do you think this station is at?  What do you say this?  The reasons are more important than a lucky (or unlucky) guess.

 

 


 

SO262, Physical Geography

Exam 1 Makeup, Spring 2008

 

 

Makeup used the same figures as the regular exam.

 

Read the directions carefully.  You have a selection of questions for the definitions.

Quality of your answers is important.   For full credit you should use correct terminology, and show that you understand the concepts involved.

 

 


 

Definitions:  define 10 of the 12 terms with a concise sentence that clearly shows your understanding of the term, and why it is relevant in physical geography:  Each is worth 4 points.

 

13.  Artesian well

14.  Cumulonimbus clouds:

15.  Adiabatic process:

16.  Frontal precipitation:

17.  Stratosphere:

18.  Equinox:

19.  SRTM:

20.  Heat index:

21.  Coriolis deflection, northern hemisphere:

22.  cP Air mass:

23.  Ground water:

24.  Continentality:

 

Verify that only answered 10 of the 12 terms.  You will have to answer all the remaining questions.


 

(5 points)  What does it mean when we say a map is equal area?  Could both of the maps above be equal area?  Why or why not?

 

(5 points) Can you pick out the desert belts in satellite images of the world?  Defend you answer in terms of what you can or cannot see, and what causes this.

 

(5 points)  How can you relate the Tropic of Capricorn (23½°S) to vertical motion of air in the atmosphere, and surface winds?   

 


 

 

 

(10 points) The four graphs above show water budgets at four locations in the same continent.  Discuss:

 


(10 points) The graph above shows the duration of daylight at some location on earth.


(10 Points) If you were at the top of the atmosphere over the North Pole:

 

o       What wavelength(s) of energy would you see going downward toward the earth’s surface, and would these be coming into the atmosphere during the day or night (or both)?

 

o       What wavelength(s) would you see coming upward going back to space, and would these be going out during the day and night (or both)?

 

 o       Averaged over the entire year, which would be larger, the incoming or outgoing energy?  Why would this be the case, and what processes allow this to happen?

 

 


 

 

(15 Points)  The climograph above shows the temperature and precipitation at a location over the course of a year.  The temperature line graph follows the scale on the right, and the precipitation bar graph the scale on the right.

 

(3) Which hemisphere is this, how could you tell, and what causes the differences between the hemispheres? 

  

(3) What kind of air masses dominate here in the winter?  Give a name and characteristics.

  

(3) What kind of air masses dominate in the summer?  Give a name and characteristics.

  

(3)  What do you think causes this seasonal change?

  

(3) What latitude do you think this station is at?  What do you say this?  The reasons are more important than a lucky (or unlucky) guess.