SO286, Physical Geography

Exam 2, Spring 2006



Definitions (1 sentence)

10@ 3 points each



Short answer (3-4 sentences)

5 @ 10 points




1 @ 20 points









Read the directions carefully.  You have a selection of questions for the definitions, and the short answer.


Quality of your answers is important.   For full credit you should use correct terminology, and show that you understand the concepts involved.




Definitions:  define 10 of the 12 terms with a concise sentence that clearly shows your understanding of the term, and why it is relevant in physical geography:  Each is worth 3 points.

The comments in red are not complete answers, but key problem areas.


  1. Braided river:

  2. Monsoon: seasonal change in winds/pressure caused by the differential heating and cooling and land and water

  3. Talus slope: 11/15 skips

  4. Bed load:

  5. Creep:  6/15 skips 

  6. Passive continental margin: there are plate boundaries, and there are continental margins, because plates consist of both continental and oceanic crust.

  7. Richter scale:

  8. Thrust or reverse fault:

  9. Spit:  7/15 skips

  10. Graded stream:

  11. Orogeny:

  12. Sedimentary rock:

Answer 5 of the next 6 questions, for 10 points each:




What characterizes the drainage pattern on this map?  Where in the world might it be located, and how does the concept of base level apply here?




Answer 5 of these 6 questions, for 10 points each



The diagram above shows two mountains viewed by the SRTM mission, both with 2 times vertical exaggeration and with the terrain block about 20 km on a side.  Both are at essentially the same elevation.  What could account for the difference in the two mountains, and in what kinds of settings would you find each?


Answer 5 of these 6 questions, for 10 points each



What features do you see in this region of coastline, and why is the north-south section on the left different than the east-west section on the bottom?


Which US coast do you think this is most likely to be, and what causes the differences?


Answer 5 of these 6 questions, for 10 points each



Draw a cross section from A to B, and label the features that you see on it.  What would happen in this area if you came back in another 100 years, and why do you think this would happen?



Answer 5 of these 6 questions, for 10 points each




What is the dominant process in the SE portion of this map?  Why are there no tributary streams in this area?

Answer 5 of these 6 questions, for 10 points each



Where in the world do you think this climograph is from?  Why?


What factors contribute to the patters for both precipitation and temperature.


 cP (cold dry winter) and mT (hot and wet, at least relatively) air masses, so it looks like continentality plays a huge role


Are there similar climates in the other hemisphere?  Why or why not?


This page is worth 20 points, and you must answer it.   The diagram below shows 10 climographs, all from the same continent. 

There are at least three major climate categories represented (first letter of Koppen classification).  Provide an example of each of these categories, and describe what the major features of that climate are.




Climographs A, C, and D are from the same latitude.  What latitude do you think that is, and why do you say that?  What are the important differences among the three, and what might be the cause of this?




List one climograph which you think comes from the center of the continent.  What features in the climograph support your interpretation.



What station comes from the highest latitude?  What features in the climograph support your interpretation.




What continent do you think these come from?  Defend your answer.

Top row: A Climates

Second Row: B climates

Bottom two rows: C Climates