SO461 Lab, Fall 2013
This will be an individual writing project. All work will be your own. This will be due by 1330 next Thursday.
You will turn in the following:
A brief discussion of the sedimentary history of the region you select. Insure that you concisely cover the major sediment types recovered and what they tell us about the geologic history. This can be done in about a page if you think and cover the important points and not just a random selection of facts. Insure that you use references in the text, in the correct format.
A map showing the location of 2 sites, one each from two different phases of ocean drilling ( DSDP, ODP, and IODP), and which must be drilled on Mesozoic or older Cenozoic oceanic crust. Insure that your figures and captions are in the correct format.
One or two summary diagrams showing the lithologies recovered in the sites. You can probably find this in the library or on the web, but be careful and do not just grab the first diagram you see. The summary diagram should show 6-12 different major rock types, and not the cm by cm description which is also available and spread over multiple pages. Insure that your figures are in the correct format.
A "References Cited" (bibliography), in the correct format. You must have at least two sources, one for each leg. Your examples should follow the example on the department style manual web page for "COMPENDIUM, or OTHER EDITED VOLUME". See the samples below for DSDP/ODP publications. Note that you will be citing a single chapter (or paper) from the large book.
We will perform this exercise as follows:
Lecture Wednesday will be a discussion of the DSDP/ODP program and stratigraphy.
During the lab Thursday you will use the web or go to the library to look at the DSDP and ODP reports in the QE section. For many of the ODP legs, there is both a preliminary report and a detailed report. The preliminary report is probably better. You are also to look for a leg or site summary, with the entire hole summarized on one diagram with about 6-12 different units.
If you need help, contact the instructor for assistance.
Detailed time scale clicking on Cretaceous or Jurassic will bring up a detailed time scale with the subdivisions like Campanian or Bajocian; some of the sites use this level of time resolution.
http://iodp.tamu.edu/publications/PR.html has publications of the new IODP.
http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications has many of the newer reports on line from the ODP. Hard as it is to believe, the paper copies may be easier for you to use because they are easier to skim.
http://www.deepseadrilling.org will have the older reports available.
A DSDP/ODP leg is a cruise, which visits several sites and generally drills one core hole at each. Cruises and sites are both denoted by sequential numbers. Exceptions occur when there are re-entry problems and a single site will have several holes, which share the same site number and differ with a letter suffix. Often these will not relog the top portion of the hole already completed, and will only log the deeper portion.
Samples of DSDP/ODP reference citations:
•Cotillon, P., Picard, A., and Tribovillard, N., 2000, Compared cyclicity and diagenesis of two anoxic deposits in the Caribbean domain: The Pleistocene–Holocene of Cariaco Basin (Site 1002) and the Upper Cretaceous La Luna–Querecual Formation (North Venezuela), in Leckie, R.M., editor, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Leg 165, Scientific results: College Station, Texas, Ocean Drilling Program, p. 125–140.
•Dean, W.E., Arthur, M.A., and Stow, D.A.V., 1984, Origin and geochemistry of Cretaceous deep-sea black shales and multicolored claystones with emphasis on Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 530, southern Angola Basin, in Hay, W.W., Sibuet, J.-C., editors, Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Volume 75: Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, p. 819–844.
•Watkins, D.K., Shafik, S., and Shin, I.C., 1998, Calcareous nannofossils from the Cretaceous of the Deep Ivorian Basin, in Mascle, J., Lohmann, G.P., editors, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific results, Volume 159: College Station, Texas, Ocean Drilling Program, p. 319–333.
You may find a suggested format online for the reference. This will
probably be close to our format, but they might use slightly different
|Gulf of Mexico|
|East Coast Florida-Carolinas|
|New York-New Jersey|
|Spain to UK|
|West of Spain|
|Africa, 25-35 N|
|Africa, 0-20 N|
|Africa, 5-25 S|
|Africa, below 30 S|
|South America, Amazon mouth|
|East side South America, 50-60 S|
|Antarctica, 70 to 120 W|
|Southeast of India|
|NW of Australia|
|Vicinity of Tasmania|
|SE of New Zealand|
|Equator near 160 W|
|Center of Jurassic crust, N11, W160|
|Vicinity of Marianas Trench|
|Vicinity N31 W160|
|Vicinity N40 W144|
|Antactica, 70-110 east|
|Vicinity -30S, 90E|
|North of Hawaiian islands|
|North of Panama|
|Africa S30, W2|
|East of Newfoundland|
|Between Labrador and Greenland|
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