Index Formula Water Value Old Landsat Bands Landsat 8 OLI Bands Sentinel-2 Bands Notes
Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI = (NIR ? Red)/(NIR + Red) Negative 4,3 5,4 8,4 The opposite of the water index--water is low on the NDVI, but high on NDWI
Normalized Difference Water Index--default NDWI = (Green ? NIR)/(Green + NIR)  Positive 2,5 3,5 3,8 monitor changes related to water content in water bodies, defined by McFeeters (1996).
Normalized Difference Water Index NDWI=(NIR ? SWIR)/(NIR +SWIR)       8A,11 monitor changes in water content of leaves, using near-infrared (NIR) and short-wave infrared (SWIR) wavelengths, proposed by Gao in 1996. 
Normalized Difference Water Index NDWI = (NIR - MIR) / (NIR + MIR)       8A,12 vegetation index sensitive to the water content of vegetation and is complementary to the NDVI. High NDWI values show a high water content of the vegetation.
Modified Normalized Difference Water Index MNDWI1 = (Green ? SWIR1)/(Green + SWIR1)
MNDWI2 = (Green ? SWIR2)/(Green + SWIR2)
Positive 2,7 3,6
3, 11 (different spatial resolutions)
3, 12 (different spatial resolutions)

Normalized satellite indexes


Last revision 6/10/2020