Historical GIS of the Normandy Invasion (Operation Overlord)

Professor Peter Guth, Oceanography Department

 Justin G. Jacks, Honors Oceanography Graduate, Class 2009

Two papers are currently (March 2011) in press about this work:
  1. Guth, P., and Jacks, J., 2011, Using KML to disseminate military geography: in International Handbook Military Geography, Proceedings  8th International Conference on Military Geosciences, Vienna Austria, June 2009, Redaktion Truppendienst, p.220-232.
  2. Guth, P.L., 2011 (opens a web page with supplemental KML data), Military Applied Geomorphological Mapping: Normandy Case Study: in Smith, M., Paron, P., and Griffiths, J.S,. eds., Geomorphological Mapping: methods and applications, Developments in Earth Surface Processes, vol.15, ELSEVIER.
Figure 1. Flowchart displaying process undertaken in the GIS, along with  a registered daily situation map from 17 June 1944 found on the Library  of Congress website displayed in Google Earth.

Version 3 KMZ Files--open in Google Earth or similar viewer

Table 1.  Primary layers

Layer with Link to download in Google Earth Link to paste into Google Maps Notes.
Daily situation maps (60 MB) Too large to display in Google Maps  
Daily front lines http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Daily_Front_lines.kmz  
Front lines, key dates http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Front_lines_key_dates.kmz  
Daily division locations http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Daily_Division_Locations.kmz  
First Infantry Division animation http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/First_inf_division.kmz  
Mulberries and German field artillery http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Artillery_firing_on_mulberries.kmz From each Mulberry location, this shows ranges of three common German artillery pieces.  Artillery within the circle could strike the mulberries.
German defensive battery ranges http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/GermanArtilleryRanges.kmz Anything inside the circles could be targeted by the coast artillery batteries.
German coastal battery locations http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/German_Coastal_Batteries.kmz  
Allied airfields http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Allied_Airfields.kmz  
Normandy sl0pe map (1 MB) http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/NORMANDY_Slope_Map.kmz  


Table II.   Incomplete prototype layers showing what can be added.  These show the use of icons, and including text and graphics in the popup when selecting an icon.

Download in Google Earth Paste into Google Maps Source
Army historical photos (2 MB) http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Army_historical_photos.kmz  
Army infantry school papers http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/Infantry_school_papers.kmz Infantry school monographs,no longer on web
Coast Guard photos http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/US_Coast_Guard_Photos.kmz  
Navy art work http://www.usna.edu/Users/oceano/pguth/website/kml/US_Navy_artwork.kmz  


last revision 5/1/2015