Office of the Superintendent/Records of Reserve Training Groups: Correspondence of the Director of Training, 1917-1919: Finding Aid
Published in February 2013
- Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
- Publisher Address:
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
- Call number: RG 405.2.4 Entry 118
- Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Archives
- Title: Office of the Superintendent/Records of Reserve Training Groups: Correspondence of the Director of Training
- Dates: 1917-1919
- Size: 2 linear feet 1 inch (5 manuscript boxes)
- Creator: United States Naval Academy. Superintendent
- Language(s) of material: English
- Abstract: This series contains letters, reports, and issuances of the director of training relating to the overall organization and administration of the five reserve officers' training classes.
History of the Reserve Training Groups: World War I, 1917-1919
Between July 5, 1917 and January 31, 1919, five Reserve Officers' Classes took regular courses of intensive training, each lasting about 16 weeks, at the Academy to prepare for service in World War I. In addition, special training classes for naval constructors, marine engineers, electrical engineers, civil engineers, aviation intelligence officers, and pay officers were also held at the Academy, each lasting about 1 month. Each regularly organized Reserve Officers' Class was divided into two sections - one for deck duties and one for engineering duties.
The first Reserve Officers' Class was quartered entirely in Bancroft Hall. On August 15, 1917, work was begun on special quarters known as Reserve Officers' Quarters "A" and later another temporary structure, Quarters "B," was erected. Quarters "A" and Bancroft Hall usually housed the deck officers and Quarters "B" housed the engineer officers. The Marine Barracks were used to house men attending the Pay Officers' or Paymasters' Classes at the Academy.
One Assistant for Training was assigned to each of the quarters to help the Director of Training for the Reserve Officers' Classes carry out his duties. The Director of Training had executive and disciplinary control of the reserve officers while the Superintendent had general charge of the course of training.
During World War I the Academy also supplied courses of intensive study to the Reserve Officers' Schools in the Atlantic Fleet and in the Naval Defense Districts, to the Shipping Board, and to a number of technical colleges and universities throughout the country.
Description of Contents
This series contains letters, reports, and issuances of the director of training relating to the overall organization and administration of the five reserve officers' training classes.
Arranged by class and thereunder alphabetically by subject.
Access and Use
Access is unrestricted.
Use of the materials is unrestricted.
Acquisition and Appraisal
RG 405 Records of the United States Naval Academy is the property of the National Archives and Records Administration. The materials are housed at the United States Naval Academy, William W. Jeffries Memorial Archives, an affiliated archive, as per a Memorandum of Agreement between the National Archives and Records Administration and the United States Naval Academy.
Related Archival Material
Additional material pertaining to Reserve Training Groups can be found in the records of the Office of the Superintendent RG 405.2.4, Entries 119 through 132.
Materials Cataloged Separately
No materials have been removed from this collection and cataloged separately.
Office of the Superintendent/Records of Reserve Training Groups: Correspondence of the Director of Training, RG 405.2.4 Entry 118
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
Collection inventory prepared by Alice Gilliland in 2013. Historical sketch and Scope and Content Note prepared by Geraldine N. Phillips and Aloha South in 1975.
Name and Subject Terms
- Naval education -- United States
- United States Naval Academy -- Students
- United States. Naval Reserve -- Officers