U.S.S. Constellation Collection, 1794-1972: Finding Aid
Published in March 2014
- Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
- Publisher Address:
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
- Call number: MS 206
- Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Manuscripts
- Title: U.S.S. Constellation Collection
- Dates: 1794-1972
- Size: 2.42 linear feet
- Container Summary: 1 manuscript box, 1 flat box
- Creator: Polland, Leon D.
- Language(s) of material: English
- Abstract: Leon D. Polland was an author and Chief of Construction and Repair for the Constellation Restoration Committee of Baltimore. The U.S.S. Constellation Collection is composed primarily of copies of historic documents pertaining to the Constellation's construction, repair history, and conversion into a museum ship.
Biography of Leon D. Polland
Leon D. Polland was a naval architect and author. Polland served as Chief of Construction and Repair for the Constellation Restoration Committee of Baltimore, directing the efforts to rebuild the Constellation after she was stricken from the Naval Register in 1955. Polland was also a proponent of the hypothesis that the current U.S.S. Constellation is the original frigate constructed in 1797, as opposed to the theory that the original frigate was broken up at the Naval Yard in Norfolk at the same time that the current sloop was constructed in 1853-1854. As a result, the Constellation was rebuilt to resemble a frigate when initially restored for use as a museum ship.
Leon D. Polland is the author or coauthor of several works on the Constellation, including The Frigate Constellation: An Outline of the Present Restoration, and The Constellation Question.
Description of Contents
The U.S.S. Constellation Collection, comprising 2.42 linear feet of documentation, spans from 1984 to 1972. Composed primarily of copies of historic documents, the collection pertains to the Constellation's construction, repair history, and conversion into a museum ship.
The collection documents Leon Polland's research into the design history, construction, and repair history of the frigate/sloop-of-war U.S.S. Constellation in his roles as author and Chief of Construction and Repair for the Constellation. Polland's research notes consist almost entirely of photocopies of historic documents and drawings from repositories and collections such as the National Archives (especially RG-45: Naval Records Collection of the Office of Naval Records and Library), the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, the Peabody Museum (Massachusetts), and American State Papers. In addition to these historic documents, the collection is also home to documents pertaining directly to the ship's conversion to a museum ship, including Polland's block lists, material invoices, and documents regarding the acquisition of museum objects for the U.S.S. Constellation Museum. Also included is a copy of Polland's The Frigate Constellation: An Outline of the Present Restoration.
Due to claims that some of the supporting documents used in the rebuilding of U.S.S. Constellation were forgeries, the authenticity of the documents in this collection cannot be verified.
The U.S.S. Constellation Collection is arranged alphabetically by document type and title.
Access and Use
Access is unrestricted.
Copyright and Permission
The U.S.S. Constellation Collection is the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Gift of Leon D. Polland in July 1972.
Location of Originals
Originals of the materials in this collection are held by the National Archives and Records Administration (especially RG-45: Naval Records Collection of the Office of Naval Records and Library), the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, the Peabody Museum (Massachusetts), and other repositories.
Related Archival Material
Material pertaining to the history of the U.S.S. Constellation may be found at the National Archives and Records Administration (especially RG-45: Naval Records Collection of the Office of Naval Records and Library). Material pertaining to Constellation's service at the U.S. Naval Academy may be found in RG-405: Records of the United States Naval Academy, Special Collections & Archives, Nimitz Library.
Materials Cataloged Separately
No materials have been removed from this collection and cataloged separately.
Processing and Other Information
U.S.S. Constellation Collection, MS 206
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
This collection was processed by David D'Onofrio in March 2014. Finding aid written by David D'Onofrio in March 2014.
Name and Subject Terms
- Constellation (Frigate) -- Conservation and restoration
- Constellation (Frigate) -- History
- Constellation (Sloop-of-war)
- Polland, Leon D.
- Clippings (information artifacts)
- Research notes
- Schematic drawings
Research Notes and Museum Files, 1794-1967
Oversize reproductions of historical documents relating to, as well as drawings and plans of U.S.S. Constellation. Also included are copies of correspondence and documents pertaining to efforts to acquire museum objects for the U.S.S. Constellation Museum.