Marcus M. Whipple Papers, 1862-1864: Finding Aid
Published in April 2009
- Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
- Publisher Address:
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
- Call number: MS 217
- Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Manuscripts
- Title: Marcus M. Whipple Papers
- Dates: 1862-1864
- Size: 0.1 linear feet
- Container Summary: 5 folders containing 6 items
- Creator: Whipple, Marcus M., b. 1840
- Language(s) of material: English
- Abstract: The Marcus Whipple Papers span two years, including fifteen months of Whipple's service in the Union Navy, from September 1862 to January 1864. The papers focus on Whipple's time aboard U.S.S. Colorado as a fireman and oiler.
Biography of Marcus M. Whipple
Marcus M. Whipple was born on August 27, 1840 to Mr. and Mrs. James Whipple. Whipple, a native of Boston, Massachusetts, enlisted in the Union Navy on September 30, 1862 for one year. After training aboard U.S.S. Santee (frigate) and a nearly month-long stay aboard the receiving ship U.S.S. Ohio (ship-of-the-line), Whipple was transferred to U.S.S. Colorado (screw frigate) of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, where he served for the remainder of his enlistment. Aboard Colorado, Whipple served as a fireman, before ultimately being promoted to oiler, a position he held until Colorado's decommissioning in February 1864.
Description of Contents
The Marcus Whipple Papers span two years, from 1862 to 1864, including fifteen months of Whipple's service in the Union Navy, from September 1862 to January 1864. The papers (two diaries and four letters) focus on Whipple's time aboard U.S.S. Colorado as a fireman and oiler.
The Whipple Papers are arranged alphabetically by document type into a single series with no subdivisions. The two diaries, spanning from January 1862 to January 1864, consist of brief, daily, handwritten entries. Prior to his enlistment in the Navy, Whipple's diaries allude primarily to hours of work performed, recreational activities, and personal finances. The remainder of the diary entries are the product of Whipple's Navy service, and include brief mentions of weather, ports of call, purchases, ships encountered, visits by flag officers, and shipboard duties and events, such as watch keeping, cleaning, coaling, and engine repair. The letters, three of which were written by Whipple (two addressed to his mother, one to his brother Fred), make mention of his training as an oiler, conditions at home, other correspondents, the monotony of blockade duty, and his desire for the war to come to an end. The fourth letter, a letter of transmittal from Fred Whipple, conveys one of Marcus' letters to their mother.
The Marcus M. Whipple Papers, while offering few specifics pertaining to Whipple's duties and opinions, reflect the general nature, and often tedium, of blockade duty during the Civil War.
The Whipple Papers are arranged alphabetically by document type into a single series with no subdivisions.
Access and Use
Access is unrestricted.
Copyright and Permission
The Marcus M. Whipple Papers are the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Purchased from Charles Apfelbaum Rare Manuscripts and Archives in January 2004. Accession No. 04-02.
Related Archival Material
A diary, possibly by the same Marcus M. Whipple, is held at the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts.
Materials Cataloged Separately
No materials have been removed from this collection.
Processing and Other Information
Marcus M. Whipple Papers, MS 217
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
This collection was processed by David D'Onofrio in April 2009. Finding aid written by David D'Onofrio in April 2009.
Name and Subject Terms
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Naval operations.
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Blockades.
- United States. Navy. West Gulf Squadron.
- Whipple, Marcus M., b. 1840.
Correspondence, 1863 August 28
To Fred Whipple, from U.S.S. Colorado, off Mobile Bay. Includes discussion of Whipple's planned return home in October, loss of weight due to heat, poor food quality aboard, the military draft, and predictions of an easy Union victory at Fort Morgan, Alabama. Also includes a letter of transmittal from Fred Whipple to Mrs. James Whipple, dated October 5, 1863.