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David G. Muller, Jr. Papers, 1946-1984: Finding Aid

Published in 1988

Summary Information

  • Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
  • Publisher Address:
    589 McNair Road
    Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
    Phone: 410-293-6917
  • Call number: MS 233
  • Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Manuscripts
  • Title: David G. Muller, Jr. Papers
  • Dates: 1946-1984
  • Size: 3.13 linear feet
  • Container Summary: 7 manuscript boxes, 1 half-manuscript box
  • Creator: Muller, David G., 1948-
  • Language(s) of material: English Chinese
  • Abstract: David G. Muller is a United States Navy Intelligence Officer. Collected by Muller, the papers consist of Chinese source materials and declassified U.S. intelligence reports pertaining to the maritime power of the People's Republic of China. The papers most likely represent the research materials used by Muller in the writing of his book, China as a Maritime Power.

Biography of David G. Muller, Jr.

David G. Muller, Jr. is the author of China as a Maritime Power (Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1983). Commander Muller, born in 1948, has been a career naval officer since 1970, earning his commission through Dartmouth College's NROTC program. Commander Muller has served as intelligence officer for Patrol Squadron Five and on the staff of Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet. As of 1988, he was assigned to the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, DC.

In 1970, Muller was awarded a bachelor's degree in Asian Studies and Chinese language from Dartmouth College. In 1974, he received a master's degree from the University of Michigan in Chinese Studies.

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Description of Contents

The David G. Muller, Jr. Papers, spanning from 1946 to 1984, comprise 3.13 linear feet of documentation. The Muller Papers comprise a collection of primary and secondary sources on the subject of the People's Republic of China (PRC) as a maritime power and rise to strategic and economic power at sea since 1945. The Papers consist of Chinese source materials, declassified U.S. intelligence reports, and other relevant materials. The Papers are almost entirely in English, including many translations for foreign language documents into English. The materials vary from single paragraph news briefs to multi-page articles.

The Muller Papers are arranged by subject and within subject by original date of publication. The collection contains numerous publications from the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency's Defense Intelligence Digest (DID), the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence's ONI Review (ONI), China Report of the Joint Publications Research Service (JPRS), the Foreign Broadcast Information Service's China Daily Report (FBIS China), Survey of China Mainland Press (SCMP), and the U.S. Pacific Command's Weekly Intelligence Digest (WID).

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The Muller Papers are arranged by subject and within subject by original date of publication.

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Access and Use


Access is unrestricted.

Copyright and Permission

The David G. Muller, Jr. Papers are the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.

It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information.

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Acquisition and Appraisal

Provenance and Acquisition

Gift of David G. Muller, Jr. in October 1987. Accession No. 87-37.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Material

There are no other known collections of papers of David G. Muller, Jr.

Materials Cataloged Separately

No materials have been removed from this collection and cataloged separately.

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Processing and Other Information

Preferred Citation

David G. Muller, Jr. Papers, MS 233

Special Collections & Archives Department

Nimitz Library

United States Naval Academy

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Mary R. Catalfamo in 1988. Finding aid written by Mary R. Catalfamo in 1988 and revised by David D'Onofrio in March 2014.

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Subject Headings

Name and Subject Terms

  • China -- Foreign relations
  • China -- History, Naval
  • China -- Territories and possessions
  • China. Navy
  • Petroleum industry and trade -- China
  • Sea-power -- China -- History

Genre Terms

  • Articles
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Manuscripts
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Contents List

Box 1 Folder 1

PRC - Antarctica, 1981-1984

Expeditions, explorations, research, international cooperation, Antarctic Treaty.

Box 1 Folder 2-10

PRC - Commerce, Maritime, 1946-1984

Maritime commerce, shipbuilding, ports and harbors, merchant marine, specific ships built, shipbuilding for export, chartering, national self-reliance in shipbuilding, Marxism/Maoism in shipbuilding, criticism of Hsiao-ping, Gang of Four, expanding merchant fleet, foreign trade and shipping, trade patterns, international cooperation in shipbuilding and harbor construction, expansion of Shanghai, maritime record achievements, regulation of foreign vessels, opening of ports to foreign trade, foreign dignitary visits, harbor congestion, accidents and collisions, Hubei Port Case, relevant associations and organizations, maritime legislation, Chinese Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO), cruise ship industry.

Box 2 Folder 1

PRC - Commerce, Maritime - Anti-Smuggling Activities, 1980-1984

Legislation, activities, captures of Taiwanese and Hong Kong smugglers at sea.

Box 2 Folder 2

PRC - Economy, 1981-1984

Sixth Five Year Plan (1981-1985) - tasks, targets, results, projects, economic and social development. China's coastal area as future world economic center.

Box 2 Folder 3-4

PRC - Fishing and Fisheries, 1955-1984

Fishing and fisheries - development, production, policies, international and national meetings, agreements, actions. Marxism/Maoism and fishermen, whaling, kelp production, Guangdong earthquake rumor, taxation, offshore resources production.

Box 2 Folder 5

PRC - Foreign Relations - Japan, 1954-1984

Fishing and fisheries - Chinese seizure of Japanese fishing vessels, Chinese-Japanese conflicts and agreements, rules on purse-seining, questions of military alert zone. Japan-China marine transportation agreement, Taiwan flag issue, Japanese Sea Power Delegation, Japanese Tsushima Strait defense, Japanese Self-Defense Force, Chinese release of remains of World War II ship Awa Maru to Japan. See Also: PRC -- Territories - Senkaku Islands.

Box 2 Folder 6-12

PRC - Foreign Relations - Republic of China, 1946-1965

Armed conflict between China and Taiwan, military force organization and disposition, military actions including Fukien-Chekiang coast, Mei-Chou, Ma-Tsu, Tachens, Fu-Chou, Chin-Men, Formosa Straits. Republic of China - training commands, bases, defection of Chung King, acceptance of former U.S. Navy vessels, blockades. Peoples Republic of China - attacks on British naval ship Amethyst, possible invasion of Taiwan, attacks on Republic of Taiwan ships T'ai Ping, Yin Ching, and Ling Chian.

Box 2 Folder 13-15

PRC - Foreign Relations - Republic of China, 1966-1984

Republic of China Navy - improvements, strength, weapons and ship development, enhanced patrols, military exercises. Republic of China - special defense revenue funds, merchant fleet, foreign trade, easing of maritime trade relations with Poland and Russia, firing at Chinese boats, U.S. relations. Peoples Republic of China - coastal military units, fraternization with Taiwanese fishermen, history of earlier conflicts, plans for reunification with Taiwan, capture of Taiwanese spies.

Box 3 Folder 1

PRC - Foreign Relations - Republic of China - Dutch Submarine Sale, 1980-1984

Political furors, protests, and actions in the Netherlands and Peoples Republic of China over Netherlands' sale of submarines to Republic of China.

Box 3 Folder 2

PRC - Foreign Relations - Republic of China - Historical Antecedents, 1981-1983

Zheng Chenggong's recovery of Taiwan from the Dutch. Emperor Kangxi, the Qing Dynasty and the reunification of China. Contains propaganda in support of reunification of the Peoples Republic of China and the Republic of China.

Box 3 Folder 3

PRC - Foreign Relations - South Korea, 1955-1981

Conflict over fishing grounds and territorial waters, ramming of boats, seizure of boats and fishermen, attempts at accord.

Box 3 Folder 4-7

PRC - Foreign Relations - U.S.S.R., 1946-1984

Agreements, divergences, military/naval relations, American rivalries, NATO, naval strategy, occupation of Dairen-Port Arthur area, 1956 Soviet naval visit to China, Soviet expansion in Eastern waters, maritime espionage, fishing infringements, merchant marine expansion, nuclear naval vessels, Soviet military presence in Gulf of Thailand, Malacca Strait, and Vietnam.

Box 3 Folder 8

PRC - Foreign Relations - United States, 1950-1983

U.S. merchant ship China Bear collision case, Korean War, U.S. First Fleet search and rescue operations for downed planes off Hainan Island in 1954, U.S. Seventh Fleet, challenges to U.S.S. De Haven and Gregory, bombing of Chinese fishing boats in Bac Bo Gulf, U.S.-Japanese relations, U.S.-Soviet relations, Seabed Nuclear Weapon Prohibition Treaty, U.S. presence in Indian Ocean, U.S. naval support to Thailand, arms sales.

Box 3 Folder 9

PRC - Foreign Relations - Vietnam, 1964-1984

Increased military preparedness to support North Vietnam against U.S., North Vietnam sea routes, military aid to North Vietnam, repatriation of Chinese residents persecuted by Hanoi, dispute of Tonkin Bay, border disputes. See also: PRC - Territories - Paracel, Spratly and Minor South China Sea Islands.

Box 3 Folder 10

PRC - History and Early Travel, 1958-1984

Nineteenth century westernization movement, Li Hongzhang and Navy building, Zheng He's mission to the West Seas in the fifteenth century.

Box 3 Folder 11-13

PRC - Maritime Law, 1958-1984

United Nations - Conference on the Law of the Sea (Third), Committee on the Peaceful Uses of the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor beyond the Limits, International Sea-Bed Authority, Indian Ocean Peace Zone proposal. Territorial water, exclusive economic zones, innocent vs. free passage, environment demands, American/Soviet "maritime hegemony."

Box 3 Folder 14

PRC - Militia, 1964-1984

Militia - activities, training, coast defense, combat systems. Militia and Marxism.

Box 4 Folder 1-11

PRC - Navy, 1947-1984

Peoples Republic of China Navy - history, development, philosophy, mission, forces, capabilities, weapons, organization, order of battle, regulations, personnel, ports, parades, reviews, coastal defense, civic activities, defense spending, investigation of sinking of freighter Yueh Chin, economic crimes, Republic of China Navy defectors. Peoples Republic of China militarization, role as a maritime power, military geography, capture of enemy spy ships, Wuhan Military District Mutiny. See also: PRC - Foreign Relations - Republic of China.

Box 4 Folder 12

PRC - Navy - Aid to Fishermen, 1954-1982

Protection and aid given to Peoples Republic of China fishermen and fishing fleet, patrol duties.

Box 5 Folder 1

PRC - Navy - Air Force, 1951-1984

Naval Air Force - history, strength, composition, order of battle, types of aircraft, activities, capabilities, training, tactics, airfields, Marxism and political involvement, defection of air officers to Taiwan, Heroic Sea Eagle Air Regiment, Hainan Island. Aviation and space industries, purchase of foreign aircraft.

Box 5 Folder 2

PRC - Navy - Amphibious-Marine Forces, 1950-1984

Description, exercises, development.

Box 5 Folder 3

PRC - Navy - Education and Training, 1948-1984

Philosophy, means, goals, content, academies, schools, training facilities. Education and evaluation of officers and enlisted, science/technology education, former Republic of China Navy (KMT) personnel teaching at academies.

Box 5 Folder 4-5

PRC - Navy - Foreign Relations, 1954-1984

Foreign dignitary visits, foreign naval vessel visits, Chinese naval and political visits to other countries, regulations on entry of foreign military vessels, transfer or sale of Peoples Republic of China vessels, increased links with foreign countries through arms purchases, Beijing Institute for International Strategic Studies.

Box 5 Folder 6

PRC - Navy - Junk Fleet, 1950-1978

Military potential, utility, organization and control of junks and fishermen. History and description of the junk.

Box 5 Folder 7-14

PRC - Navy - Marxism, 1954-1984

Maoism, commentaries on May 7 Directive, application of Marxism within Fleets, Communist Party relation to the Navy, Central Committee, political work regulations, political officer system, Marxist military leadership, military professionalism and political control, Navy and the masses, Mai Hsien-te and other Marxist naval heroes, awards and titles, "Sea-Tiger" vessel (gunboat 588), Lin Piao, Cultural Revolution, criticism of the Gang of Four, purges, Battle of Hsisha poem-report conspiracy, rectification movement, criticism of Confucius, Lin Piao, Chiang Chi'ang, and Teng Hsiao-ping.

Box 6 Folder 1

PRC - Navy - Military Service, 1954-1984

Voluntary military service, conscription, military service law.

Box 6 Folder 2

PRC - Navy - Mine Warfare, 1955-1979

Mine warfare, mines, mine countermeasures.

Box 6 Folder 3

PRC - Navy - Ranks, 1965-1984

Abolition and reintroduction of military ranks.

Box 6 Folder 4-6

PRC - Navy - Ships, 1951-1984

Service vessel types and classes (Aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyer escorts, gunboats, hydrofoils, ice-breakers, etc), nuclear power and gas turbines in ships, warships and their construction, foreign ship purchases, bombing countermeasures.

Box 6 Folder 7-9

PRC - Navy - Ships - Submarines, 1951-1983

Conventional, nuclear, missile, and mini submarines. Submarine accidents, voyages, training, and forces. Soviet submarine transfers, submarine-surface ship combat simulations.

Box 6 Folder 10

PRC - Uniforms, 1954-1974

Box 6 Folder 11-12

PRC - Navy - Weapon Systems, 1966-1983

Missile, nuclear and other weapon systems. International weapon system deals.

Box 6 Folder 13

PRC - Navy - Weapons Systems - Carrier Rocket Launching, 1982-1983

Box 6 Folder 14

PRC - Navy - Weapons Systems - ICBM Missile Launching, 1980-1981

Includes historic Pacific voyage undertaken to accomplish ICBM launch.

Box 6 Folder 15-16

PRC - Oceanography, 1959-1984

Survey and cartography, China's first ocean-going scientific research, joint research with U.S., ocean energy resources (tidal power), research vessels, global atmospheric research project, first artificial earthquake at sea, remote sensing technology, anti-pollution projects, submarine power cables, marine animal research, standardization of island and reef names, divers and diving, conferences. See also: PRC - Science and Technology.

Box 7 Folder 1-6

PRC - Petroleum, 1957-1984

Offshore drilling, Chinese protests over other nations' activities, international rivalries, international cooperative ventures, visits with foreign nationals, purchase of foreign equipment, regulations, taxation, continental shelf issues, oil rigs and platforms, areas of exploration (China Sea, Yellow Sea, Bohai Bay, Pearl River, Beibu Gulf), Chinese petroleum firsts (floating drilling vessel, semi-submersible drilling vessel, natural gas well, deep horizon oilfield), Bohai Bay oil rig disaster, Glomar Java Sea floating drilling ship disaster.

Box 7 Folder 7

PRC - Science and Technology, 1967-1984

Chinese Navy's philosophy, research, inventions, activities and technology sharing. Navigation and meteorology technology, communications, Shanghai Navigation Communications Network, remote sensing, refueling-at-sea equipment, Sino-Gallic nuclear cooperation, Ministry of Machining Building, conferences and symposia.

Box 7 Folder 8

PRC - Territories - Hainan Island, 1950-1983

Resources and development, strategic importance, military developments, naval radar regiment, theft of gunboat by exiles on Hainan Island, Hainan Straits.

Box 7 Folder 9-13

PRC - Territories - Paracel, Spratly and Minor South China Sea Islands, 1947-1984

Paracel Islands, in particular political and armed conflict between China and Vietnam. Paracel, Spratly and other islands - history, territorial claims (French, Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese), Chinese naval presence, survey and chartings, Chinese military/civilian occupation, Chinese military/civilian life, Marxism and Maoism, Vietnamese refugees, Chinese statements before the United Nations, Soviet criticism over Chinese occupation, standardization of island names. Paracel Islands also known as Hsisha, Xisha, or Hoang Sa. Spratly Islands also known as Nansha or Truong Sa.

Box 8 Folder 1

PRC - Territories - Senkaku Islands, 1970-1983

Chinese-Japanese conflicts over sovereignty and petroleum resources, Republic of China and U.S. involvement, proposed Chinese-Japanese-American joint petroleum project. Senkaku Islands also known as Tiaoyu, Tiaoyutai, Tiacyuntai, and Diaoyudao Islands.

Box 8 Folder 2

Miscellaneous, 1970-1974, undated

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