Letterbook of the U.S.S. Pensacola, 1861-1863: Finding Aid
Published in November 2008
- Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
- Publisher Address:
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
- Call number: MS 394
- Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Manuscripts
- Title: Letterbook of the U.S.S. Pensacola
- Dates: 1861-1863
- Size: 0.04 linear feet
- Container Summary: 1 folder containing 1 volume of 34 leaves
- Creator: Morris, Henry W., 1806-1863
- Language(s) of material: English
- Abstract: The Letterbook of the U.S.S. Pensacola spans from November 1861 until February 1863. Consisting of copies of letters sent by Pensacola's commanding officer, Captain Henry W. Morris, the letterbook documents various ship activities and procedures, such as equipment and armament requests, receipt of orders, and the evaluation, transfer and discharge of crew members.
History of the U.S.S. Pensacola
The U.S.S. Pensacola, a screw steamer named for the city of Pensacola, Florida, was launched by the Pensacola Navy Yard on August 15, 1859. After the installation of machinery, the ship was finally fully commissioned on September 16, 1861, Captain Henry W. Morris in command.
After joining Flag Officer David Farragut's West Gulf Blockading Squadron in January 1862, Pensacola sailed past the batteries of Fort St. Phillip and Fort Jackson en route to the taking of New Orleans by the Union Navy in April 1862. Following the fall of New Orleans, Pensacola spent two years guarding the lower Mississippi River, until a brief decommissioning in April 1864.
Recommissioned on August 16, 1866, Pensacola joined the Pacific Squadron, cruising along the west coast of North and South America until being decommissioned again in 1884. Between April 1885 and February 1888, the ship operated in European waters, before returning to American waters, serving on the Atlantic coast until May 1890 and in the Pacific again until April 1892.
Pensacola served briefly as a training ship between 1898 and 1899, before serving her final assignment as a receiving ship at the Yerba Buena Training Station in San Francisco from July 1901 until December 1911. After being struck from the Navy Register, Pensacola was burned and sunk by the Navy in May 1912.
Description of Contents
The Letterbook of the U.S.S. Pensacola spans from November 1861, with gaps, until February 1863. Consisting of copies of letters sent by Pensacola's commanding officer, Captain Henry W. Morris, the letterbook documents various ship activities and procedures, such as equipment and armament requests, receipt of orders, and the evaluation, transfer and discharge of crew members.
The majority of the letters are addressed to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles, with lesser numbers addressed to Admiral David G. Farragut, Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography Captain A. A. Harwood, Captain John Marston, and Major General Benjamin Franklin Butler. Topics and events represented by more than one letter include the ship's engine status (December 14-23, 1861), a collision with a coal schooner (January 23-25, 1862), running aground on Carysfort Reef (February 8-11, 1862), the injury and death of several crew members due to a hawser snapping (March 29-April 1, 1862), the appraisal of U.S.S. Calhoun (June 23, 1862), and the seizure and eventual charter of the steamer Anglo-American by Major General Benjamin Franklin Butler for the purpose of coal transport to Vicksburg (August-October 1862 and February 1863). A letter of April 3, 1862 includes a list of the ship's armaments and crew requirements.
The contents of the letterbook are arranged chronologically.
Access and Use
Access is unrestricted.
Copyright and Permission
The Letterbook of the U.S.S. Pensacola is the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Purchased in July 1994. Accession No. 94-48.
Related Archival Material
Additional material pertaining to the U.S.S. Pensacola in the Special Collections & Archives Department, Nimitz Library, United States Naval Academy includes the Log of U.S.S. Pensacola, 1881-1883, MS 140 and first-hand accounts of service aboard U.S.S. Pensacola while stationed with the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, found in the Oliver Ambrose Batcheller Letters, 1859-1898, MS 264.
Materials Cataloged Separately
No materials have been removed from this collection.
Processing and Other Information
Letterbook of the U.S.S. Pensacola, MS 394
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
The following sources were consulted during preparation of the biographical note:
Navy Department. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History Division. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1959-1981.
This collection was processed by David D'Onofrio in November 2008. Finding aid written by David D'Onofrio in November 2008.
Name and Subject Terms
- Anglo-American (Steamer)
- Calhoun (Side wheel gunboat)
- Morris, Henry W., 1806-1863
- Pensacola (Screw steamer)
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Blockades
- United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Naval operations
- United States. Navy. West Gulf Squadron
- Letter books
- Ships' logs