George D. Bancroft Papers, 1917-1919, 1974-1975: Finding Aid
Published in December 2008
- Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
- Publisher Address:
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
- Call number: MS 397
- Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Manuscripts
- Title: George D. Bancroft Papers
- Dates: 1917-1919, 1974-1975
- Size: 0.33 linear feet
- Container Summary: 9 folders containing 9 items
- Creator: Bancroft, George D., 1896-1975
- Language(s) of material: English
- Abstract: The George D. Bancroft Papers, consisting mostly of diaries and photograph albums, span Bancroft's brief U.S. Navy service, covering the years 1917 to 1919. The papers focus on Bancroft's three transatlantic cruises aboard the transport ship U.S.S. Powhatan as a Hospital Apprentice and Pharmacist's Mate.
Biography of George D. Bancroft
George D. Bancroft (no relation to Secretary of the Navy, George Bancroft) was born in Brooklyn, New York on April 10, 1896. After graduating from the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy in May 1917, Bancroft enlisted in the Hospital Corps of the United States Navy. Assigned to U.S.S. Powhatan (Transport: SP-3013) as a Hospital Apprentice on August 16, 1917, Bancroft ultimately advanced to the rank of Chief Pharmacist's Mate, before being discharged on January 25, 1919.
Upon the conclusion of his naval service, Bancroft returned to Brooklyn where he operated a drug store from 1919 until 1935, when he and his family relocated to Bradford, [New York]. In Bradford, Bancroft became a partner in a business known as Gove & Bancroft. In 1956, Bancroft retired and moved, along with his family, to Goshen, New York.
George D. Bancroft died May 1, 1975. He was survived by his wife, Lillian E. Bowns Bancroft, a son, Paul, and daughter Dorothea.
Description of Contents
The George D. Bancroft Papers span Bancroft's brief U.S. Navy service, covering the years 1917 to 1919. The papers focus on Bancroft's three transatlantic cruises aboard the transport ship U.S.S. Powhatan as a Hospital Apprentice and Pharmacist's Mate.
Included in the collection are diaries, photograph albums, genealogical material, an obituary, a recommendation letter, and a compact disc.
The Bancroft Papers are arranged alphabetically by document type into a single series with no subdivisions. The bulk of the collection consists of hand-written diaries and photograph albums from Bancroft's service aboard U.S.S. Powhatan. Throughout the diaries are references to the weather and sea conditions, liberties taken in Paris and Pauillac, France, complaints about the lack of mail and news from home, sea sick passengers, and various duties performed by Bancroft, including dispensation of medication, sterilization of equipment and quarters, report production, and watch duty. The diaries also refer to specific incidents, such as encounters with German U-Boats, injuries and illnesses among the crew and passengers, and damages sustained by the ship. The photograph albums, the contents of which are duplicated on a compact disc, consist mainly of images of Bancroft, the crew and passengers of the Powhatan, and of the French port town of Pauillac. The remainder of the collection consists of a 1919 letter of recommendation for Bancroft from Powhatan's senior medical officer, genealogical material on Bancroft's ancestors (compiled by Bancroft in 1974), and Bancroft's obituary from 1975.
The George D. Bancroft Papers, while offering few specifics pertaining to Bancroft's duties and opinions, reflect the general nature, and often tedium, of transport duty during the First World War.
The Bancroft Papers are arranged alphabetically by document type into a single series with no subdivisions.
Access and Use
Access is unrestricted.
Copyright and Permission
The George D. Bancroft Papers are the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information.
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
Box 2, Folder 1 Photograph Album is reproduced on compact disc and requires a computer for viewing.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Gift of Dorothea D. Phillips and Roxanne Broadbent in June 2001. Accession No. 01-13.
Related Archival Material
George D. Bancroft's military personnel file may be available at the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis.
Materials Cataloged Separately
No materials have been removed from this collection and cataloged separately.
Processing and Other Information
George D. Bancroft Papers, MS 397
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
This collection was processed by David D'Onofrio in December 2008. Finding aid written by David D'Onofrio in December 2008.
Name and Subject Terms
- Bancroft, George D., 1896-1975
- Powhatan (Transport: SP3013)
- United States. Navy -- Transport Service
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Atlantic Ocean
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Naval Operations, American
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal Narratives, American