Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers, 1930-1968: Finding Aid
Published in May 2019
- Publisher: United States Naval Academy. Special Collections & Archives.
- Publisher Address:
589 McNair Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402-5029, USA
- Call number: MS 501
- Location: Special Collections & Archives Department - Manuscripts
- Title: Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers
- Dates: 1930-1968
- Size: 2.63 linear feet
- Container Summary: 1 manuscript box, 1 half-manuscript box, 2 flat boxes, 1 oversize folder
- Creator: Jackson, Andrew McBurney, 1907-
- Language(s) of material: English
- Abstract: Andrew McBurney Jackson, Jr. was an officer in the United States Navy and a member of the United States Naval Academy Class of 1930. The Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers, mainly in the form of photographs, span from 1930 until 1968. The papers are primarily the product of Jackson's post World War II Navy career, including his tours with U.S.S. Ticonderoga, the Weapons System Evaluation Group, Carrier Division Three, the Naval War College, Middle East Force, the Chief of Naval Operations' Plans and Policy office, the United Nations Military Staff Committee, and the Eastern Sea Frontier.
Biography of Andrew McBurney Jackson, Jr.
Andrew McBurney Jackson, Jr. was born on March 12, 1907 in Holly Springs, Mississippi to Andrew McBurney Jackson and Alice Quiggins Jackson. In June 1926, he was appointed to the United States Naval Academy as a member of the Class of 1930, serving as Regiment Commander in 1930 and graduating first in his class.
Following his initial service in the gunnery department aboard U.S.S. Mississippi (Battleship: BB-41), Jackson was detached in March 1931 for flight training in Pensacola. Receiving his designation as a Naval Aviator on March 17, 1932, he was attached to U.S.S. Milwaukee (Light cruiser: CL-5) as a member of Scouting Squadron Six-B. In July 1934 he was transferred to Scouting Squadron Three aboard U.S.S. Lexington (Aircraft carrier: CV-2), followed by duty with Patron Squadron One at Pearl Harbor.
Detached from flight duty in June 1936, Jackson returned to Annapolis to attend the Naval Postgraduate School, with continued studies at the California Institute of Technology, where he received a Master of Science in Aeronautical Engineering in June 1939. After completing his degree, Jackson returned to flight duty with Fighting Squadron Six aboard U.S.S. Enterprise (Aircraft carrier: CV-6). In July 1941, he was attached to the Fighter Design Branch of the Bureau of Aeronautics where he served as Project Officer for the development of the Grumman F6F Hellcat until June 1943.
With World War II nearly half-over, Jackson was assigned to his first combat duty of the war as Commander Carrier Air Group Eight aboard U.S.S. Intrepid (Aircraft carrier: CV-11) and U.S.S. Bunker Hill (Aircraft carrier: CV-17), receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross. In May 1944, he was appointed navigator for U.S.S. Bunker Hill, remaining in that role until December of that year. In 1945, he transferred to the Staff of Commander Carrier Division Six as Operations Officer, where he was awarded the Legion of Merit for duty in operations against the Philippines, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and the Japanese home islands.
Following the war, Jackson returned to the Bureau of Aeronautics as Director of the Plans Coordination Division in December 1945. From February through December 1948, he commanded U.S.S. Timbalier (Seaplane tender: AVP-54), after which he served three years with the Atomic Energy Commission.
In January 1952, Jackson returned to combat operations as Chief of Staff to Commander Carrier Division Five during the Korean War, receiving two Gold Stars in lieu of additional Legions of Merit. In January 1953, he was detached from Carrier Division Five and was appointed to the Staff of Commander Air Force Pacific as Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations the following month. Duty as Naval Aide to the Secretary of the Navy following from May 1954 until July 1955, when he assumed command of U.S.S. Ticonderoga (Aircraft carrier: CV-14).
In August 1956, Jackson was assigned to the Office of the chief of Naval Operations, serving as Assistant to the Director of the Strategic Plans Division. Moving to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering in October 1957, Jackson served as Senior Naval Member of the Weapons Systems Evaluation Group. In July 1959, he assumed command of Carrier Division Three as part of the Seventh Fleet in the Western Pacific, hoisting his flag aboard U.S.S. Bon Homme Richard (Aircraft carrier: CV-31) and U.S.S. Ticonderoga (Aircraft carrier: CV-14). Duty as Commander Middle East Force followed in September 1960.
In September 1961, Jackson reported to the Naval War College as Chief of Staff to the President, after which he returned to the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, serving as Assistant Chief of Naval Operations for Plans and Policy beginning in December 1962, and as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Plans and Policy in July 1964. For this duty, Jackson received the Distinguished Service Medal. In April 1967, he was assigned to his final duty as Naval Representative and Vice Chairman of the United States Delegation to the United Nations Military Staff Committee, as well as Commander Eastern Sea Frontier, earning him a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal.
Jackson was transferred to the Retired List on April 1, 1969 and later resided in Annapolis, Maryland. Andrew McBurney Jackson, Jr. died on January 11, 1989 in Edgewater, Maryland and was subsequently interred at the Naval Academy Cemetery.
Description of Contents
The Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers, comprising 2.63 linear feet of documentation, mainly in the form of photographs, span from 1930 until 1968. The papers are primarily the product of Jackson's post World War II Navy career, including his tours with U.S.S. Ticonderoga, the Weapons System Evaluation Group, Carrier Division Three, the Naval War College, Middle East Force, the Chief of Naval Operations' Plans and Policy office, the United Nations Military Staff Committee, and the Eastern Sea Frontier.
Included with the photographs are newspaper clippings, certificates, posters, a ship's newspaper, a booklet, and a medal.
The Jackson Papers are organized into two series by document type. Series 1: Photographs consists primarily of official Navy photographs spanning Jackson's various post World War II duty stations and commands. Documents relating to some of the events depicted in Series 1, namely the visit of an Indian delegation aboard U.S.S. Bon Homme Richard and the relief of Captain Harold S. Bottomley as U.S.S. Bon Homme Richard's commanding officer, can be found in Series 2: Certificates, Clippings, and Ephemera. The remainder of Series 2 consists of clippings, posters, and other ephemeral documents unrelated to the events depicted in the photographs of Series 1.
The Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers are organized into the following two series:
- Series 1: Photographs, 1930-1968
- Series 2: Certificates, Clippings, and Ephemera, 1954-1967
Access and Use
Access is unrestricted.
Copyright and Permission
The Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers are the physical property of Nimitz Library. Copyright belongs to the authors or creators of the works, or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the Head, Special Collections & Archives.
It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure written permission to publish, reprint, or reproduce material from Special Collections & Archives. The researcher assumes responsibility for infringement of copyright or literary or publication rights. Please contact the Head, Special Collections & Archives for permission to publish and for further information.
Acquisition and Appraisal
Provenance and Acquisition
Gift of Mrs. Andrew McBurney Jackson in April 1989. Accession No. 89-14.
Related Archival Material
Additional material pertaining to Andrew McBurney Jackson in this repository include Jackson's Midshipman Personnel Jacket (sealed until 2031) and Alumni Jacket. Previous donations by Jackson include Escuela Naval Militar (Photo Album 64), and a selection of World War II combat photographs of strikes against the Japanese home islands (added to the Edward J. Steichen Photography Collection).
Materials Cataloged Separately
No materials have been removed from this collection and cataloged separately.
Processing and Other Information
Andrew McBurney Jackson Papers, MS 501
Special Collections & Archives Department
United States Naval Academy
The following sources were consulted during preparation of the biographical note:
Jackson, Andrew McBurney, J. Alumni Jacket, RG 405, Special Collections & Archives, Nimitz Library.
This collection was processed by David D'Onofrio in May 2019. Finding aid written by David D'Onofrio in May 2019.
Name and Subject Terms
- Bon Homme Richard (Aircraft carrier : CV-31)
- Jackson, Andrew McBurney, 1907-
- Naval ceremonies, honors, and salutes -- United States
- Ticonderoga (Aircraft carrier : CV-14)
- United States. Navy -- Officers
- United States. Navy -- Officers -- Pictorial works
- United States. Navy. Carrier Division Three
- Clippings (information artifacts)
Series 1: Photographs, 1930-1968 Boxes 1-2, 4[OS]Series Description
Photographs, mostly by official Navy photographers, depicting various special events, inspection tours, and receptions, attended by or held under the commands of Andrew McBurney Jackson. The duty stations and assignments covered by the photographs include Jackson's command of U.S.S. Ticonderoga, membership in the Weapons System Evaluation Group, command of Carrier Division Three, service as Chief of Staff of the Naval War College, command of the Middle East Force, service as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Plans and Policy, membership on the United Nations Military Staff Committee, and command of the Eastern Sea Frontier. Included among the photographs of events are images of the ships that were under the direct command of Jackson or served as his flagship while admiral, including U.S.S. Bon Homme Richard, U.S.S. Ticonderoga, and U.S.S. Timbalier.
Included at the beginning of the series are photographs from Commissioning Week activities at the United States Naval Academy, namely the prizes and awards Ceremony and graduation.Series Arrangement
Arranged chronologically by duty station.
Carrier Division Three - Republic of China Armed Forces Delegation Aboard U.S.S. Ticonderoga, 1960 May 5
Features LT E. Barrineau, BGEN W. G. Lee, COL C. W. Stapleton, COL Luckenbach, LTCOL R. B. Fallon, CDR F. W. Ayer, COL Hung Chuan Chen, COL Kung Shue Chow, and MAJGEN Ming Yung Tsai.
Series 2: Certificates, Clippings, and Ephemera, 1954-1967 Boxes 2-4[OS], MSOSSeries Description
Scattered documentation from throughout Jackson' career in the U.S. Navy, including material from his tours as captain of U.S.S. Ticonderoga and Commander, Carrier Division Three. Included in the series are newspaper clippings, certificates, posters, a ship's newspaper, a booklet, and a medal.
The newspaper clippings regarding the April 1960 visit of a delegation of Indian naval and political leaders aboard U.S.S. Bon Homme Richard were originally collocated with the photographs of that event.Series Arrangement
Arranged alphabetically by document type.
Includes certificates for the Ancient and Honorable Order of Missilemen, the Sacred Order of Dust Devils, Domain of Phoebus Apollo (Pan American Airlines for crossing the International Date Line), and Solemn Mysteries of the Ancient Order of the Deep (crossing the line).