Staff/Fellows Publications :: Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership :: USNA

Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership

Staff/Fellows Publications

Cover of 'Torture, Power, and Law' by David Luban

Staff Publications

Dr. Joseph J. Thomas
Col. Art. Athens
  • "Leadership: What’s Love Got to Do With It?" delivered at the 1st Class Capstone Seminar, (January 11, 2008) Transcript
Dr. Edward Barrett
  • “Moral Injury: A Typology,” in Moral Injury: Humanistic Perspectives (forthcoming)
  • “Just (and Unjust) Warriors: Nature and Causes,” in Military Virtues, Michael Skerker, David Whetham and Don Carrick, eds., (Howgate, 2019)
  • “On the Relationship between the Ethics and the Law of War: Cyber Operations and Sub-Lethal Harm,” Ethics and International Affairs (2017)
  • “Reliable Old Wineskins: The Applicability of the Just War Tradition to Military Cyber Operations,” Philosophy & Technology (2015)
  • “L’éthique de la force dans le cyberspace,” Défense et Sécurité Internationale (2013)
  • “Warfare in a New Domain: The Ethics of Military Cyber Operations,” Journal of Military Ethics (2013)
  • “International Governance of Autonomous Military Robots” (co-author), Columbia Science and Technology Law Review (2011)
  • “New Warriors/New Weapons: The Ethical Ramifications of Emerging Military Technologies,” Journal of Military Ethics 9 (2011)
  • Persons and Liberal Democracy: The Ethical and Political Thought of Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II (Lexington Press, 2010)
  • “Hermeneutics and Human Rights: Catholicism, Islam, and Liberal Democracy,” in Political Islam: From Muhammad to Ahmadinejad (Praeger Press, 2009)
Mitt Regan
  • BigLaw: Money and Meaning in the Modern Firm (University of Chicago Press: 2021)
  • “From Armed Conflict to Threat Networks: Counterterrorism and Social Network Analysis,” in Fighting War as Crime and Crime as War: Legal Frameworks for National Security (Claire Finkelstein, Christopher Fuller, Jens Ohlin & Mitt Regan eds.) Oxford University Press forthcoming 2021 (co-author Todd Huntley)
  • “Accountability for Targeted Killing,” in Counter-Terrorism: The Ethical Issues (Jonas Feltes, ed.) Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2021 (co-author Mary DeRosa)
  • “Terrorist Crimes and Liberal Democratic Values,” in Counter-Terrorism: The Ethical Issues (Jonas Feltes, ed.) Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2021 (co-author Alexandra White)
  • “US and UK Oversight of Covert Action,” in National Security Intelligence: The Ethical Issues (Seumas Miller, Mitt Regan, Patrick Walsh eds.) Routledge, forthcoming 2021
  • “National Security and ‘Secret Law,’” Tex. Nat. Sec. Rev. January 2021 (Book Review Roundtable: Law’s Wars, Law’s Trials:
  • “Citizens, Suspects, and Enemies: Examining Police Militarization,” Texas Nat. Sec. Rev. Winter 2020-2021:
  • “One Minute in Haditha: Ethics and Non-Conscious Decision-Making,” 18 J. Military Ethics 1 (2019)(co-author Kevin Mullaney)
  • “From Protecting Lives to Protecting States: Use of Force Across the Threat Continuum,” 10 J. NAT. SEC. & POLICY 123 (2019)
  • “Deliberative Democracy in the National Security Setting,” in The Cambridge Handbook on Deliberative Constitutionalism (Jeff King, Hoi Kong, Ron Levy & Graeme Orr eds.)(Cambridge University Press 2018)(co-author Mary DeRosa)
  • “Legal Ethics and the Situated Lawyer,” 30 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 415 (2017)
  • “Ain’t Misbehaving: Behavioral Ethics and Rest’s Model of Moral Judgment,” 51 New Eng. L. Rev. 101 (2017) (Symposium on Behavioral Legal Ethics)(co-author Nancy L. Sachs)
  • “Lawyer Independence in Context: Lessons from Four Practice Settings,” 29 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 153 (2016) (co-authors Zachary Hutchinson & Juliet Aiken)
  • “Nested Ethics: A Tale of Two Cultures”, 42 HOFSTRA L. REV. 143 (2013)
  • “Moral Intuitions and Organizational Culture,” 51 St. Louis U. L. Rev. 941 (2007)
  • Co-Editor (with Anita L. Allen), Debating Democracy’s Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy Oxford University Press 1998
Dr. David Luban


Torture, Power, and Law (Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Winner of the 2015 American Publishers Association Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence (the PROSE Award) in philosophy.

Una Teoría de Los Crímenes Contra la Humanidad, Spanish translation by Ezequiel Malarino and Marisa Vázquez of A Theory of Crimes Against Humanity (Bogota: Editorial Temis S.A., 2011).

Legal Ethics and Human Dignity (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Horitsuka ronri to yoki hantanroku (Good Judgment in Legal Ethics) (Chuo University Press, Series of The Institute of Comparative Law in Japan 46, Tokyo, 2002). Japanese translation by Hiroshi Sumiyoshi of seven papers, with a new preface in English and Japanese.

Legal Modernism (University of Michigan Press, 1994; paperback 1997).

Fa lu xian dai zhu yi, Chinese translation by Yigong Su, with a new preface, Chinese University of Political Sciences and Law (2005).

Lawyers and Justice: An Ethical Study (Princeton University Press, 1988).


International and Transnational Criminal Law 3rd edition (Aspen Publishing – now Wolters-Kluwer Publishing).

(co-authors Julie R. O’Sullivan and David P. Stewart): 1st edition, 2010; 2nd edition 2014
(co-authors O’Sullivan, Stewart, and Neha Jain): 3rd edition, 2019.


Legal Ethics 8th edition (Foundation Press).

(co-author Deborah L. Rhode): 1st edition, 1992; 2nd edition, 1995; 3rd edition, 2001; 4th edition, 2004; 5th edition, 2008;
(co-authors Rhode and Scott L. Cummings): 6th edition, 2012;
(co-authors Rhode, Cummings, and Nora Freeman Engstrom): 7th edition, 2016; 8th edition, 2020.



Legal Ethics: Law Stories (co-edited with Deborah L. Rhode)(Foundation Press, 2005).

The Ethics of Lawyers, International Library of Essays in Law & Legal Theory (Dartmouth Publishing [UK]/NYU Press [US], 1994).

 The Good Lawyer: Lawyers’ Roles and Lawyers’ Ethics (Rowman & Allanheld, 1983).



A. Journal articles, book chapters, review essays since 2010

Moral Injury and Atonement, Journal of Military Ethics (forthcoming).

Complicity and Lesser Evils: A Tale of Two Lawyers, Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics (forthcoming as the centerpiece of a symposium issue).

International Law and Theories of Global Justice (with Steven Ratner, Carmen Pavel, Jiewuh Song, James Graham Stewart), Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 114, June 26, 2020, available at SSRN:

Responsibility to Humanity and Threats to Peace: An Essay on Sovereignty, Berkeley Journal of International Law vol. 38, no. 2 (2020), pp. 185–239.

To be republished in The Boundaries of Sovereignty, ed. Eyal Benvenisti (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).
An abridged version will be published in a special issue of Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie.
Ukrainian translation, Nacionalizm, prava liudyny ta perspektyvy myru, Filosofia Prava i Zagalna Teoria Prava [Philosophy of Law and General Theory of Law] 1 (2020): 147-71.

Fiduciary Legal Ethics, Zeal, and Moral Activism, Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics vol. 33 (2020), pp. 275–300.

Prefaces and Postscripts: Walzer’s Just and Unjust Wars at Age 40, in Walzer and War: Reading Just and Unjust Wars Today, ed. Graham Parsons & Mark Wilson (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020), pp. 15–30.

Personality Disruption as Mental Torture: The CIA, Interrogational Abuse, and the U.S. Torture Act (with Katherine S. Newell), Georgetown Law Journal, vol. 108, no. 2 (2019), pp. 333-87.

An abridged and revised version in Interrogation and Torture: Integrating Efficacy With Law and Morality, ed. Steven J. Barela, Mark Fallon, Gloria Gaggioli, and Jens David Ohlin (Oxford University Press, 2019), pp. 36-69.

What Is Philosophical Legal Ethics, and Why Should Lawyers Care?, Ética  y Derecho: Jornadas de Ética Profesional del Abogado (Tirant Lo Blanch, 2016-18), pp. 19-36.

On the Humanity of the Enemy of Humanity: A Response to My Critics, Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, vol. 47, no. 2 (2018), pp. 187-99 (responding to four commentators on [34]). This article is part of a symposium issue on my work, available at

The Enemy of All Humanity, Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, vol. 47, no. 2 (2018), pp. 112-37, available at This article is the centerpiece of a symposium issue.

Concurrently in Oxford Handbook of International Criminal Law, ed. Kevin Jon Heller, Frédéric Megret, Sarah Nouwen (Oxford University Press, 2020), pp. 558–82.

Just War Theory and the Laws of War as Non-Identical Twins, Ethics & International Affairs, vol. 31, no. 4 (2017), pp. 443-40.

Philosophical Legal Ethics: An Affectionate History (with W. Bradley Wendel), Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, vol. 30, no. 3 (2017): 337-64.

La filosofía de la ética profesional: una historia entrañable, Spanish translation of by Javier Gallego Saade, Valdivia Law Journal vol. 33, no. 2 (2020), pp. 49–78.

Demystifying Political Violence: Some Bequests of ICTY and ICTR, AJIL Unbound, vol. 110 (2016), pp. 251-57,

Knowing When Not to Fight, in The Oxford Handbook of the Ethics of War, Helen Frowe & Seth Lazar, eds. (Oxford University Press, 2018), pp. 185-203. Also online,

Human Rights Thinking and the Laws of War, Theoretical Boundaries of Armed Conflicts and Human Rights, Jens Ohlin, ed. (Cambridge University Press, 2016), pp. 45-77.

Optimism, Skepticism, and Access to Justice, Texas A & M Law Review, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 495-513 (2016).

Arendt on the Crime of Crimes, Ratio Juris, vol. 28, no. 3 (2015), pp. 307-25.

Unsatisfying Wars: Degrees of Risk and the Jus ex Bello (with Gabriella Blum), Ethics, vol. 125 (April 2015), pp. 751-780.

Human Rights Pragmatism and Human Dignity, Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights, Massimo Renzo, Rowan Cruft, & Matthew Liao, eds. (Oxford University Press, 2015), pp. 263-78.

Risk Taking and Force Protection, in Yitzhak Benbaji & Naomi Sussmann, eds., Reading Walzer (Routledge, 2014), pp. 277-301.

German translation Übernahme von Risiken und Schutz für die Truppe, in Bernhard Koch, ed., Den Gegner Schützen? Zu einer Kontroverse in der Ethik des Bewaffneten Konflikts (“Beiträge zur Friedensethik” series, Nomos Verlag Baden-Baden, 2014), pp. 75-124.

Just Cause of War, International Encyclopedia of Ethics (2013).

Carl Schmitt and the Critique of Lawfare, Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, vol. 43, symposium on lawfare (2010), pp. 457-71.

Carl Schmitt e a Crítica ao Lawfare, Portuguese translation by Marina Fernandes, in Paradigma (2017), at

After the Honeymoon: Reflections on the Current State of International Criminal Justice, Journal of International Criminal Justice, vol. 11 (2013), pp. 505-515.

Military Necessity and the Cultures of Military Law, Leiden Journal of International Law, vol. 26 (2013), pp. 315-49.

Mental Torture: A Critique of Erasures in U.S. Law (with Henry Shue), Georgetown Law Journal, vol. 100 (2012), pp. 823-63.

War as Punishment, Philosophy & Public Affairs, vol. 39, no. 4 (2011), pp. 299-330.

Hannah Arendt as a Theorist of International Criminal Law, International Criminal Law Review, vol. 11, symposium on women and international criminal law (2011), pp. 621-41.

Chinese translation by Bin Li, Criminal Law Review [China], vol. 37 (2014), pp. 318-349.

State Criminality and the Ambition of International Criminal Law, in Tracy Isaacs and Richard Vernon, eds., Accountability for Collective Wrongdoing (Cambridge University Press, 2011), pp. 61-91.

Cheating in Baseball (with Daniel Luban), in Leonard Cassuto and Stephen Partridge, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Baseball (Cambridge University Press, 2011), pp. 185-96. The volume won the 2012 “Best Anthology” award from the North American Society of Sports Historians.

The Conscience of a Prosecutor, Valparaiso Law Review, vol. 45 (2010), pp. 1-31.

How Must a Lawyer Be? A Reply to Woolley and Wendel, Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, vol. 23 (2010), pp. 1101-1117.

Fairness to Rightness: Jurisdiction, Legality, and the Legitimacy of International Criminal Law, in Samantha Besson and John Tasioulas, eds., The Philosophy of International Law (Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 569-88.

The Legitimacy of International Criminal Law, a revision and Chinese translation in Furio Cerutti and Zhu Liqun, eds., Global Governance: Challenges and Trends (Quanqiu Wenti Yu Quanqiu Zhili)( Social Sciences Academic Press (She Ke Wen Xian Chu Ban She), 2014), pp. 62-82.
La legitimidad del derecho penal internacional, Spanish translation of by Manuel Ayarra and Tatiana Podliszewski, Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Internacional (April 2015).

B. Major articles, book chapters, review essays before 2010

Human Dignity, Humiliation, and Torture
, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 211-230 (2009).

Unthinking the Ticking Bomb, in Charles Beitz & Robert Goodin, eds., Global Basic Rights (Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 181-206.

The Inevitability of Conscience: A Response to My Critics, Cornell Law Review, vol. 93, pp. 1437-1465 (2008).

Lawfare and Legal Ethics in Guantánamo, Stanford Law Review, vol. 60, no. 6 (2008), pp. 1981-2026.

On the Commander-in-Chief Power, Southern California Law Review, vol. 81, no. 3 (2008), pp. 477-569.

War Crimes: The Law of Hell, in Larry May, ed., War: Essays in Political Philosophy (Cambridge University Press, 2008), pp. 266-88.

Preventive War and Human Rights, in Henry Shue and David Rodin, eds., Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification (Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 171-201.

Calling Genocide By Its Rightful Name: Lemkin’s Word, Darfur, and the U.N. Report, Chicago Journal of International Law, vol. 7, no. 1 (2006), pp. 303-20.

Also in Samantha Besson, Michel Hottelier, and Franz Werro, eds., Les droits de L’homme au centre. Human Right at the Center (Zurich: Schulthess Edition, 2006), pp. 191-208.
Reprinted in A. Krishnakumari, ed., Genocide, War Crimes, and International Law (ICFAI Law Books Division, 2008).


Making Sense of Moral Meltdowns, in Susan Carle, ed., Lawyers’ Ethics and the Pursuit of Social Justice: A Critical Reader (NYU Press, 2005), pp. 355-70.

also in Deborah L. Rhode, ed., Moral Leadership: The Theory and Practice of Power, Judgment, and Policy (Stanford University Press, 2006).

Lawyers as Defenders of Human Dignity (When They Aren’t Busy Attacking It), University of Illinois Law Review, vol. 2005, no. 3 (2005), pp. 815-46.

Spanish translation by Daniel Bonilla Maldonado, in Abogados, Sociedad y Derecho de Interés Público, Siglo del Hombre Editores Universidad de Los Andes (2017).

Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb, Virginia Law Review, vol. 91, no. 6 (2005), pp. 1425-61.

Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb, in Karen Greenberg, ed., The Torture Debate in America (Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 35-83. This is a substantially expanded version.
Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb, in Steven Lee, ed., Intervention, Terrorism, and Torture: Challenges to Just War Theory in the 21st Century (Springer Verlag, 2007). This is an abridged version.
Excerpted in Harper’s Magazine, March 2006, pp. 11-16.
German translation as Liberalismus und die Verführung zur Folter, Die Zeit Kursbuch, vol. 163, special issue “Folter und Feste,” March 30, 2006, pp. 52-71.
Abridged and reprinted in The Philosopher’s Magazine, vol. 34 (2006).
Reprinted in Jeffrey Olen, Vincent Barry, and Julie C. Van Camp, eds. Applying Ethics: A Text With Readings, 9th ed. (Wadsworth/Thomson, 2008).
Reprinted in K. Nagra Sri Valli, ed., Torture and Ethics (ICFAI Law Books Division, 2007).
Abridged and reprinted in Matthew Zwolinski, Arguing About Political Philosophy (Routledge, 2009), pp. 647-63.
Reprinted in James Rachels and Stuart Rachels, eds., The Right Thing to Do (McGraw-Hill, 2009).
Reprinted in James E. White, Contemporary Moral Problems, 10th ed., (Cengage Learning, 2005).
Excerpted in Paul H. Robinson, Shima Baradaran Baughman, and Michael T. Cahill, Criminal Law, 5th ed. (Froebe Group, forthcoming).


The Coiled Serpent of Argument: Reason, Authority, and Law in a Talmudic Tale, Chicago-Kent Law Review (2004), vol. 79, pp. 1253-88

Preventive War, Philosophy & Public Affairs, vol. 32, no. 3 (2004), pp. 207-248.

Reprinted in Asa Kasher, ed., Ethics of War and Conflict, vol. 2, Routledge, 2014.
Russian translation by Leonid Yakushev, edited by Andrey Prokofyev, in Eticheskaya mysl’ [Ethical Thought](Russian Academy of Sciences), vol. 16, no. 2 (2016), pp. 155-69.


A Theory of Crimes Against Humanity, Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 29, no. 1 (2004), pp. 85-167.

Spanish translation by Ezequiel Malarino and Marisa Vazquez, Cuadernos de Doctrina y Jurisprudencia Penal (2011).

Una Teoría de Los Crímenes Contra la Humanidad, Spanish translation by Ezequiel Malarino and Marisa Vázquez (Bogota: Editorial Temis S.A., 2011), 205 pp.

İnsanlığa Karşı Suçların Kuramı, Turkish translation by Hüseyin Gunal of A Theory of Crimes Against Humanity (Istanbul: Tekin Yayınevi, 2019).


Integrity: Its Causes and Cures, Fordham Law Review, vol. 72, no. 2 (2003), pp. 279-310.

Reprinted in Tijdschrift Tuchtrecht (Netherlands) [Disciplinary Law Magazine], vol. 2, no. 3 (August 2, 2018), pp. 9-30.

Professional Ethics, in Christopher Wellman and R. G. Frey, eds., The Blackwell Companion to Applied Ethics (Basil Blackwell, 2003), pp. 583-96.

Taking Out the Adversary: The Assault on Progressive Public Interest Lawyers, California Law Review, vol. 91 (2003), pp. 209-46.

The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights, Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 3 (Summer 2002), pp. 9-14.

        reprinted in Fellowship, vol. 68, no. 11-12, (Nov./Dec. 2002), pp. 20-23.

reprinted in Verna V. Gehring, ed., War After September 11 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2002).
reprinted in Thomas Shipka, ed., Philosophy: Paradox and Discovery, 5th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2004).
reprinted in Mark V. Tushnet, ed., The Constitution in Wartime (Duke University Press, 2005), pp. 219-31.
reprinted in Judith A. Boss, Analyzing Moral Issues, 3rd edition (McGraw-Hill, 2004).
reprinted in Larry May, Eric Rovie, and Steve Viner, eds., The Morality of War: Classical and Contemporary Readings (Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2005), pp. 413-21.
reprinted in James E. White, Contemporary Moral Problems, 8th ed., (Thomson-Wadsworth, 2005), pp. 527-32.
reprinted in James Rachels and Stuart Rachels, eds., The Right Thing To Do: Basic Readings in Moral Philosophy, (McGraw-Hill, 2009).
reprinted in Justin P. McBrayer and Peter T. Markie, eds., Introducing Ethics: A Guided Anthology, (Oxford University Press, 2014).


The Publicity of Law in the Regulatory State, Journal of Political Philosophy, vol. 10, no. 3 (2002), pp. 296-316.

A Midrash on Rabbi Shaffer and Rabbi Trollope, Notre Dame Law Review, vol. 77, no. 3 (2002), pp. 889-923.

Intervention and Civilization: Some Unhappy Lessons of the Kosovo War, in Pablo de Greiff & Ciaran Cronin, eds., Global Justice and Transnational Politics: Essays on the Moral and Political Challenges of Globalization, (MIT Press, 2002), pp. 79-115.

Natural Law as Professional Ethics: A Reading of Fuller, Social Philosophy and Policy, vol. 18, no. 1 (2001), pp. 176-205.

also in Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller, Jr., and Jeffrey Paul, eds., Natural Law and Modern Moral Philosophy (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 176-205.

A Man Lost in the Gray Zone, Law and History Review, vol. 19, no. 1 (2001), pp. 161-76.

The Ethics of Wrongful Obedience, in Deborah L. Rhode, ed., Ethics in Practice (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 94-120.

Contrived Ignorance, Georgetown Law Journal, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 957-80 (1999).

Reason and Passion in Legal Ethics, (review essay of William Simon, The Practice of Justice) Stanford Law Review, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 873-901 (1999).

The Warren Court and the Concept of a Right, Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 7-37 (1999).

reprinted in Robin L. West, Ed., Rights (Danforth Publishing, 2003).

Rediscovering Fuller’s Legal Ethics, Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 801-29 (1998).

also in Willem J. Witteveen and Wibren van der Burg, eds., Rediscovering Fuller: Essays on Implicit Law and Institutional Design (Amsterdam University Press, 1999), pp. 193-225.

On Dorfman’s Death and the Maiden, Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 115-34 (1998).

Heroic Judging in an Antiheroic Age, Columbia Law Review, vol. 97, no. 7, pp. 2064-90 (1997).

The Bad Man and the Good Lawyer: A Centennial Essay on Holmes’s “The Path of the Law,” NYU Law Review, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 1547-83 (1997).

also in Steven Burton, ed., The Path of the Law and its Influence: The Legacy of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 33-49.

Social Choice Theory as Jurisprudence, Southern California Law Review, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 521-88 (1996).

The Posner Variations (Twenty-Seven Variations on a Theme by Holmes), (review essay of Richard A. Posner, Overcoming Law) Stanford Law Review, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 1001-036 (1996).

The Publicity Principle, in Robert E. Goodin, ed., The Theory of Institutional Design, Cambridge University Press (1996), pp. 154-98.

The Self: Metaphysical Not Political, Legal Theory, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 401-37 (1995).

Settlements and the Erosion of the Public Realm, Georgetown Law Journal, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 2619-62 (1995).

Good Judgment: Ethics Teaching in Dark Times, (with Michael Millemann), Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 31-87 (1995).

Justice Holmes and the Metaphysics of Judicial Restraint, Duke Law Journal, vol. 44, pp. 449-526 (1994).

Are Criminal Defenders Different? Michigan Law Review, vol. 91, no. 7, pp. 1729-66 (1993).

Japanese translation by Hiroshi Sumiyoshi, Gendai Keijiho [Modern Criminal Law], vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 67-89 (2001).

Poetic Justice: Punitive Damages and Legal Pluralism, (with Marc Galanter), American University Law Review, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1393-463 (1993).

The Disengagement of the Legal Profession: Keller v. State Bar of California, Supreme Court Review 1990, pp. 163-205 (1991).

Legal Traditionalism, Stanford Law Review, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1035-060 (1991).

Partisanship, Betrayal and Autonomy in the Lawyer-Client Relationship: A Reply to Stephen Ellmann, Columbia Law Review, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 1004-43 (1990). (Winner of the New York Bar Association’s 1991 Sanford D. Levy Prize.)

Difference Made Legal: The Court and Dr. King, Michigan Law Review, vol. 87, no. 8, pp. 2152-2224 (1989).

Reprinted in Joel Feinberg and Jules Coleman, eds., The Philosophy of Law, 6th ed. (Wadsworth, 1999), pp. 227-53.

The Legacies of Nuremberg, Social Research, vol. 54 no. 4, pp. 779-829 (1987).

Reprinted in The International Library of Essays in Law & Legal Theory, War Crimes Law, vol. 2 (Ashgate Publishing Group, 2006).

Reprinted in Guénaël Mettraux, ed., Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial (Oxford University Press, 2008).

The Paradox of Deterrence Revived, Philosophical Studies, vol. 50, no. 2. (1986), pp. 129-41 (1986).

The Adversary System Excuse, in The Good Lawyer: Lawyers' Roles and Lawyers' Ethics (Rowman & Allanheld), pp. 83-122 (1983).

Reprinted in Readings in the Philosophy of Law, edited by John Arthur and William H. Shaw (Prentice-Hall, 1983).
Japanese translation by Hiroshi Sumiyoshi, Comparative Law Review, vol. 33, no. 1 pp. 93-142 (1999)(part 1); vol. 33, no. 2, pp.183-210 (1999)(part 2).
Substantially revised and updated in Luban, Legal Ethics and Human Dignity.
Excerpted in Professions in Ethical Focus: An Anthology, Fritz Allhoff & Anand J. Vaidya (Broadview Press, 2008)


The Romance of the Nation-State, Philosophy & Public Affairs, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 392-97 (1980).

Reprinted in International Ethics: A Philosophy & Public Affairs Reader, edited by Charles Beitz, Marshall Cohen, Thomas Scanlon, and A. John Simmons (Princeton University Press, 1985).
Reprinted in Larry May, Eric Rovie, and Steven Viner, eds., The Morality of War: Classical and Contemporary Readings (Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2005), pp. 344-47.


Just War and Human Rights, Philosophy & Public Affairs, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 160-81 (1980).

Revised and republished in International Ethics: A Philosophy & Public Affairs Reader, edited by Charles Beitz, Marshall Cohen, Thomas Scanlon, and A. John Simmons (Princeton University Press, 1985).
Reprinted in Justice, edited by Thomas Morawetz (Dartmouth Publishing Co., International Library of Essays in Law and Legal Theory, 1992).
Excerpted in The Human Rights Reader: Major Political Essays, Speeches, and Documents From the Bible to the Present, edited by Micheline R. Ishay (Routledge, 1997), pp. 68-77.
Reprinted in Thomas Pogge and Keith Horton, eds., Global Ethics: Seminal Essays (Paragon House, 2008).
Excerpted in Larry May, Eric Rovie, and Steve Viner, eds., The Morality of War: Classical and Contemporary Readings (Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2005), pp. 272-80.
Reprinted in Anthony Coady and Igor Primoratz, eds., Military Ethics (Ashgate, 2008), pp. 33-54.



Self-Representation, Access to Justice, and the Quality of Counsel, Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies (2018), Part of a book symposium on Rabeea Assy, Injustice in Person: The Right to Self-Representation.

Humanitarianism as a Weapons System, Temple Journal of International and Comparative Law, vol. 32, no. 1 (2018), pp. 47-51. Part of a book symposium on Rosa Brooks, How Everything Became War and the Military Became Everything.

Group Rights, Group Intentions, and the Value of Groups, Journal of Genocide Research, vol. 20 (2018), Part of a book symposium on Beryl Lang, Genocide: The Act as Idea

Say What You Will?, review of Timothy Garton Ash, Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World, New York Review of Books, vol. 63, no. 14 (Sept. 29, 2016), pp. 36-40.

Has Obama Upheld the Law?, review of Charlie Savage, Power Wars, New York Review of Books, vol. 63, no. 7 (April 21, 2016), pp. 20-23.

Misplaced Fidelity, review essay of W. Bradley Wendel, Lawyers and Fidelity to Law, Texas Law Review, vol. 90, no. 3 (2012), pp. 673-690.

Review of Daniel Markovits, A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age, Ethics, vol. 120, no. 4 (2010), pp. 864-69.

Review of Jon Elster, Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective, Ethics, vol. 116, no. 2 (2006), pp. 409-12.

Review of Luc Reydams, Universal Jurisdiction: International and Municipal Legal Perspectives, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 54, no. 3 (2005), pp. 804-06.

Review of Dana Villa, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Hannah Arendt, Ethics, vol. 113, no. 3 (2003), pp. 724-30.

Review of Aleksandar Jokić, War Crimes and Collective Wrongdoing, Philosophical Review, vol. 111, no. 4 (2002), pp. 620-24

Review of Stuart Hampshire, Justice is Conflict, Ethics, vol. 112, no. 1 (2001), pp. 156-57.

Review of William Dunham, The Mathematical Universe, The Wilson Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 105-06 (1997).

Review of Anthony T. Kronman, The Lost Lawyer: Failed Ideals of the Legal Profession, Ethics, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 947-49 (1995).

Review of Mary Ann Glendon, A Nation Under Lawyers, The New York Times Book Review (Dec. 25, 1994).

Review of George P. Fletcher, Loyalty: An Essay on the Morality of Relationships, Journal of Philosophy, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 144-48 (1994).

Review of Stuart Hampshire, Innocence and Experience, Journal of Philosophy, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 317-24 (1991).

Professional Ethics in a World Without Trumps (review of Alan Goldman, The Moral Foundations of Professional Ethics), The Hastings Center Report, vol. 11, no. 3 (1981).



It’s Time to Consider Sanctions for Trump’s Legal Team (with Scott Cummings, Nora Freeman Engstrom, and Deborah L. Rhode), Slate, Nov. 23, 2020,

America the Unaccountable, New York Review of Books, Aug. 20, 2020,

Joseph K. in Washington, review of Erwin Chemerinsky, Closing the Courthouse Doors, New York Review of Books, vol. 65, no. 5 (March 22, 2018),

DOJ’s stance on Illegal immigrant abortion case is clear jab at ACLU, The Hill, Nov. 9, 2017,

The Case Against Serving in the Trump Administration, Slate, Nov. 15, 2016, Originally in Just Security, The Case Against Serving, Nov. 14, 2016,

Syrian Torture: What the U.S. Must Do, NYRDaily (New York Review of Books), February 3, 2014, www.nybooks/daily/2014/02/03/syrian-torture-what-us-must-do.

Submitting to the Law of Nations: Palestine, Israel, and the International Criminal Court, Boston Review, December 12, 2012,

What Would Augustine Do? The President, Drones, and Just War Theory, Boston Review, June 6, 2012,

David Margolis Was Wrong, Slate, Feb. 22, 2010,

Timid Justice, Slate, Feb. 28, 2007,

Forget Nuremberg, Slate, Sept. 26, 2006,

At war with the law in Iraq (op-ed), Los Angeles Times, June 13, 2006

- also in Oakland Tribune, June 14, 2006.
- reprinted as In killing of Zarqawi, war triumphs over law, San Jose Mercury, June 18, 2006.


Improper Advances: Talking Dream Jobs With the Judge Out of Court (with Stephen Gillers and Steven Lubet), Slate, Aug. 17, 2005,

Torture, American-Style (op-ed), Washington Post, Outlook section, Nov. 27, 2005.

Roberts’ bad decision (op-ed) (with Stephen Gillers and Steven Lubet), Los Angeles Times, Sept. 13, 2005.

Brünnhilde, Meet Ollie, (op-ed), Washington Post, Outlook section, June 4, 1989, p. B5.

Dr. George Lucas
  • "Prospects for Peace in the Cyber Domain," Forthcoming in "Ethik und Militär, 2019"
  • "Just War and Cyber Conflict: Can there be an 'Ethical' Cyber War?" delivered at the U.S. Naval Academy. Transcript
  • "Forgetful Warriors: Neglected Lessons on Leadership from Plato's Republic," delivered at the Saint Cyr Military Academy, France. Transcript
  • “Inconvenient Truths:  Moral Challenges to Combat Leadership in the new Millennium,” 20th Annual Joseph Reich, Sr. Memorial Lecture, U.S. Air Force Academy (November 7, 2007) Transcript
  • ‘This is Not Your Father’s War’ Confronting the Moral Challenges of ‘Irregular War’ Banquet Keynote Address, NATO 60th Anniversary Conference Transcript
  • “Anthropologists in Arms”--The Ethics of “Military Anthropology”--delivered at the Inamori International Center for Ethics & Excellence (March 29, 2009) Transcript
  • "Advice and Dissent: 'The Uniform Perspective'', Journal of Military Ethics, (2009)
  • Dunbar Lecture, Millsaps College (Jackson, MS) "New Rules for New Wars:-Military Ethics and Irregular Warfare", (2010) Transcript
Dr. Elizabeth Holmes
CDR Andrew Ledford
  • "Understanding Complexity in Organizational Management, Walter E. “Ted” Carter, Jr., Vice Admiral, USN Superintendent United States Naval Academy," An interview by CDR Andrew Ledford, Journal of Character and Leadership Development, Winter, 2019, Pages 112-118 Full Journal
Dr. Shaun Baker

Fellows Publications



Dr. Marcus Hedhal


  1. Hedahl, Marcus & Fruh, Kyle, “Duties and Demands, Individual and Collective” Journal of Value

Inquiry, forthcoming.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus & Fruh, Kyle “Climate Change is Unjust War: Geoengineering and the Rising Tides of

War,” The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 57, No. 3 September 2019.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus & Huebner, Bryce “Sharing Values,” The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 56,

No. 2, June, 2018. Marcus Hedahl 2

  1. Hedahl, Marcus & Rieder, Travis, “Don’t Feed the Trolls: Bold climate action in a new, golden age of

denialism,” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, “Special Edition on 2016 Election,” July 2017.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus; Clark, Scott; & Biggins, Michael, “The Changing Nature of the Just War Tradition:

How our changing environment ought to change the foundations of just war theory,” Public

Integrity, Vol. 19, No. 5, April 2017.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus. “Collective Directionality: A New Possibility for Collectives as Objects of Normative

Consideration,” Journal of Value Inquiry, Vol. 51, No. 2, September, 2016.

  1. Creutzig, Felix; Hedahl, Marcus; Rydge, James; & Szulecki, Kacper, “Challenging the European

Climate Debate: Can Universal Climate Justice and Economics be Reconciled with Particularistic

Politics?” Global Policy, Vol. 5, October 2014.

  1. Fruh, Kyle & Hedahl, Marcus, “Coping with climate change: What justice demands of surfers, Mormons,

and the rest of us,” Ethics, Policy, and the Environment, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2013

  1. Hedahl, Marcus, “The Collective Fallacy: The possibility of irreducibly collective action without

corresponding collective moral responsibility,” Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 43, No. 3,

July, 2013.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus, “The significance of a duty’s direction: Claiming priority rather than prioritizing

claims,” Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy, Vol. 7, June, 2013.

  1. Soule, Edward; Hedahl, Marcus; & Dienhart, John, “Principles of managerial moral responsibility,”

Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2009.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus, “Blood and Blackwaters: A call to arms for the profession of arms,” Journal of

Military Ethics, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2009.



  1. Hedahl, Marcus; Fruh, Kyle; & Whitlow, Lindsay, “Climate Mitigation, ”The Routledge Companion

to Environmental Ethics, Routledge Press, New York, NY, In Press (Release Date: Forthcoming).

  1. Huebner, Bryce & Hedahl, Marcus, “Shared Values, Interests, and Desires,” The Routledge Handbook

of Collective Intentionality, Routledge Press, New York, NY, 2017.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus, “Directional Climate Justice: The normative relationship between moral claim rights

and directed obligations,” Journal of Human Rights and the Environment. Special Edition

“Choosing a Future: Social and Legal Aspects of Climate”, Vol. 5, June 2014.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus, “Unaccountable: The current state of private military and security companies,”

Criminal Justice Ethics, Vol. 31, No 3, 2012.

  1. Hedahl, Marcus, & Wilmoth, Richard, “Comparisons of the Maxwell and CLL gas/surface interaction

models using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method,” NASA Trade Manual, N96-

16264/9, December, 1995.



  1. Hedahl, Marcus, Review of Darrel Moellendorf, The Moral Challenge of Dangerous Climate Change:

Values, Poverty, and Policy (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014) appeared in Social

Theory and Practice, vol. 41, No. 4, 2015..

  1. Hedahl, Marcus & Rieder, Travis, “Accountability,” Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics, Sage

Publications, 2014.

  1. Huebner, Bryce & Hedahl, Marcus, “Collective Values,” Encyclopedia of Philosophy of the Social

Sciences, Sage Publications, 2013.

Dr. Heather Pangle
  • “Liberalism and Nationalism.” National Affairs 41 (Fall 2019): 142–158.
Dr. Pierce Randall


Dr. Brent Kyle
  • The Expansion View of Thick Concepts,” Noûs 54 (4): 914-944. 2020.
  • Truth and ignorance,” Synthese 1-24. 2020.
  • Thick Evaluation, by Simon Kirchin (review), Mind 128 (511): 954-962. 2019.
Dr. Joshua Kassner
Dr. Alycia LaGurdia-LoBianco
  • “Understanding Self-Injury through Body Shame and Internalized Oppression.” Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, 26(4): 295-313.
  • “Self-Saboteurs and Ethical Relationships.” Social Theory and Practice, 45(2): 249-285.
  • “Complicit Suffering and the Duty to Self-Care.” Philosophy, 93(2): 251-277


Dr. Adam Betz
  • "The Priority Problem for the Associativist Theory of Ethics in war" (Journal of Moral Philosophy, December 2018)
  • "Epistemic Authority, Sovereignty, and Selective Conscientious Objection: A Critical Revision of McMahan's Jus ad Bellum Court (Social Theory and Practice, November 2018)
  • "Preventive Environmental War" (originated in my 2017 McCain Conference presentation on future conflicts.  Journal of Military Ethics, forthcoming 2019)
Dr. Chris Eberle
  • Justice and the Just War Tradition: Human Worth, Moral Formation, and Armed Conflict (Routledge, 2016)
Dr. Doyle Hodges
  • “Loss of Confidence Doesn’t Cut It,” Proceedings (2017)


Dr. Adam Betz
  • "The Priority Problem for the Associativist Theory of Ethics in war" (Journal of Moral Philosophy, December 2018)
  • "Epistemic Authority, Sovereignty, and Selective Conscientious Objection: A Critical Revision of McMahan's Jus ad Bellum Court (Social Theory and Practice, November 2018)
  • "Preventive Environmental War" (originated in my 2017 McCain Conference presentation on future conflicts.  Journal of Military Ethics, forthcoming 2019)
Dr. Andrew Bell
Dr. David Lefkowitz
  • “International Law, Institutional Moral Reasoning, and Secession,” Law and Philosophy (2017)

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