Q1. Why does our mind use schemas? Have you recently noticed any schemas that you hold? Are they useful or are they harmful? (NL110)
A1. Our mind uses schemas as mental shortcuts, a way to quickly process information so that we can assess and respond appropriately in a short amount of time. Schemas can be useful in that way, but they can also be harmful. Sometimes we may apply schemas when they don’t fit the facts well or we may incorrectly fill in information about a person or event using a schema. We often can be unwilling to revise our schemas, even in the face of contradictory evidence. Examples of schemas:
- Person Schema: A belief about the personality of someone in particular. It can be someone you know personally, or perhaps a well-known person. “The Commandant is a very fastidious person and expects me to follow the rules.”
- Event Schema: A schema regarding important, recurring social events. “I know what’s expected of me at a parade.”
- Role Schema: A belief about behaviors typical of persons occupying a particular role in a group. “Aviators are much more relaxed than SWOs.”
- Group Schema: (Stereotypes) Schemas regarding the members of a particular social group or social category. “Plebes don’t know what’s going on around here.”
- Self Schemas: Structures that organize our conception of our own characteristics. “I’m just not meant to run long distances.” See Week 2 for application to growth mindset!
Q2a. Can rights be surrendered? (NE203)
A2a. Rights can be surrendered by choice (waiver), or through misconduct (forfeiture). See the graphic below.
Q2b. Are there limits to defensive rights? (NE203)
A2b. Limits to consider include proportionality, imminence, and neccesity. See the graphoc below.